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2868 results about "Phase-locked loop" patented technology

A phase-locked loop or phase lock loop (PLL) is a control system that generates an output signal whose phase is related to the phase of an input signal. There are several different types; the simplest is an electronic circuit consisting of a variable frequency oscillator and a phase detector in a feedback loop. The oscillator generates a periodic signal, and the phase detector compares the phase of that signal with the phase of the input periodic signal, adjusting the oscillator to keep the phases matched.

Apparatus and method for freezing the states of a receiver during silent line state operation of a network device

A method for maintaining the states of a receiver during the silent line state of a network device operating in a low power link suspend mode is presented. Accordingly, a method of freezing the states of the equalizer and keeping the receiver clock locked to a frequency that is approximately equal to that of the input data while providing for rapid adjustment to the phase and thus recovery of the input data is presented. During Silent Line State (SLS), the receiver states are frozen using methods that avoid parasitic decay. Also, the receive clock phase lock loop is locked onto the local transmit clock since the local transmit clock has a frequency approximating the incoming data frequency. During the SLS, the transmitter of the remote network device may have been turned off to conserve power therefore the receiver has no way of immediately knowing the phase of an incoming data. Thus, in order to prevent loss of data, the receiver loops of the receiving network device are trained to the frequency of the transmitting remote network device using periodic Link Suspend packets. Thus, in most cases, only the phase of the incoming signal need be acquired when data arrives. The phase may be quickly acquired using loop bandwidth shift methods whereby the receive clock phase lock loop bandwidth is increased to a value that aids rapid acquisition of the input clock and then, after acquisition, the bandwidth is shifted to a low value to enhance noise rejection during tracking.

System and method for automatic tuning of a magnetic field generator

ActiveUS7015769B2Power maximizationMaximize power outputTransmission control/equlisationElectrotherapyCapacitanceControl parameters
An automatic tuning system for a magnetic field generating tuned circuit includes a processor configured to maintain the resonant frequency of a tuned circuit equal to a reference frequency. The tuned circuit is driven by a power amplifier whose output provides an amplified signal at the reference frequency. The tuned circuit includes a magnetic field generating inductor and a bank of individually switchable capacitors controlled by the processor capable of adding and removing the respective capacitances to and from the tuned circuit. The inductor includes a Faraday shield to shield the tuned circuit from the influence of electric fields. A power sense circuit monitors the power delivered by the power amplifier to the tuned circuit and the processor sequentially switches the capacitors in a binary progression format to achieve maximum power delivery indicative of conforming the resonant frequency of the tuned circuit to the reference frequency. In an alternate embodiment of the invention, the inductor includes a plurality of taps that provide individually selectable inductance values available for use in the process of conforming the resonant frequency of the tuned circuit to the reference frequency. In further alternate embodiments, the variable capacitor is in the form of a motor driven variable capacitor and the tuning sequence relies on a phase locked loop using the phase of a reference frequency signal and the phase of the inductor current as control parameters.

Digital Phase-Locked Loop Clock System

A clock system includes a digital phase/frequency detector (DPFD), a buffer, a digitally-controlled oscillator (DCO) including a sigma-delta modulator (SDM), an adder, a first frequency divider. The DPFD may have a first input for a reference input clock and a second input for a feedback signal, and outputting a difference signal representing a phase and/or frequency difference between the reference input clock and the feedback signal. The buffer may be coupled to the DPFD for accumulating the difference signal over time. The sigma-delta modulator (SDM) may have a control input coupled to the buffer. The adder may have inputs coupled to the (SDM) and a source of an integer control word. The first frequency divider may have an input for a clock signal and a control input coupled to the adder, the DCO generating an output clock signal having an average frequency representing a frequency of the input clock signal divided by (N+F/M), wherein N is determined by the integer control word and F/M is determined by an output of the SDM. The system clock also may include a phase-locked loop (PLL) including a phase/frequency detector that has a first input coupled to the output of the DCO and a second input that is phase-locked to the first input, and a second frequency divider coupled from the second input of the PLL to the second input of the DPFD.
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