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1681 results about "Phase detector" patented technology

A phase detector or phase comparator is a frequency mixer, analog multiplier or logic circuit that generates a voltage signal which represents the difference in phase between two signal inputs. It is an essential element of the phase-locked loop (PLL).

Self-aligned clock recovery circuit with proportional phase detector

A self-aligned clock recovery circuit for synchronizing a local clock with an input data signal includes a sampling type phase detector for generating an output signal based on the phase difference between the local clock and the data signal timing. The phase detector obtains samples of consecutive data symbols at sampling times corresponding to transitions of the local clock, and obtains a data crossover sample at a sampling instant in between those of the consecutive data symbol samples. A phase shifter is employed to phase shift the local clock by an amount corresponding to a time varying modulation signal so as to obtain each data crossover sample at a variable sampling instant relative to the associated consecutive symbol samples. Logic circuitry determines whether the local clock appears to be early or late based on a comparison of the logic levels of the symbol samples and the associated data crossover sample, and provides a corresponding output signal through a filter to the local clock to adjust the clock accordingly. Since the relative sampling instants of successive data crossover samples are varied with time, the phase detector output signal amplitude is substantially proportional to the amount of phase error between the local clock and the symbol timing, thereby improving jitter properties of the clock recovery circuit.

Steered frequency phase locked loop

PCT No. PCT/AU95/00793 Sec. 371 Date Sep. 30, 1997 Sec. 102(e) Date Sep. 30, 1997 PCT Filed Nov. 28, 1995 PCT Pub. No. WO96/17435 PCT Pub. Date Jun. 6, 1996A Steered Frequency Phase Lock Loop (SFPLL) comprises a phase loop that functions like a normal phase locked loop (PLL) and locks to the input signal, and a frequency loop that uses a reference frequency to influence the phase loop and effectively confines the output frequency of the phase loop and the SFPLL to be in a range of frequencies close to the reference frequency. The reference frequency is chosen to be very close to the input signal frequency that it is desired the SFPLL lock to. The SFPLL comprises a phase detector (10), a frequency detector (22), first and second gain components (12, 24), first, second and third filter components (14, 18, 26), a summer (16) and a voltage controlled oscillator (VCP)(20). By a judicious choice of the gains in the phase and frequency loops the SFPLL can be designed so that the range of frequencies to which the SFPLL will lock can be confined to an arbitrarily small region around the reference frequency ( omega 'r). Applications of the SFPLL include demodulation in CW modulation systems and timing recovery from NRZ data. Three advantages of the SFPLL are that the output frequency is equal or close to the reference frequency when no input signal is present, and the range of frequencies to which the SFPLL can lock is confined to a region around the reference frequency, and the phase and frequency instabilities of the VCO can be reduced.

Multi-level pulse amplitude modulation receiver

Multiple-level phase amplitude (M-PAM) clock and data recovery circuitry uses information from multiple phase detectors to generate one or more data sampling clocks that are optimized for each of the data slicers. One possible 4-PAM implementation includes 3 data slicers, 3 edge slicers, 3 phase detectors, and a single VCO. The phase detector outputs are combined (e.g., via weighted voting, weighted average, minimum error, and/or minimum variance) to determine an optimized phase estimate for the clock used to sample the data at all three data slicers. Another 4-PAM implementation similarly includes 3 data slicers, 3 edge slicers, 3 phase detectors, and a single VCO. The mid-amplitude edge slicer and phase detector are used in combination with the VCO to generate a central phase while a multiple-tap delay line provides N phase variants before and after the central phase. Information from the non-mid-amplitude edge slicers and phase detectors is used to choose a phase from among the phase variants that best suits the other data slicers. In yet another implementation, a single edge slicer, single phase detector, and single VCO is used to generate a key clock which is used by the edge slicer to track the symbol timing. A clock generator provides a single optimized clock (that is offset from the key clock) that is used by the data slicers. Bit error rates from the data slicers are used to adjust the offset until the data slicer clock is optimized with respect to all the slicers. Alternatively, multiple clocks are generated via offsets from the key clock, each being optimized to the data slicer group that it drives.

Intermediate frequency direct sequence spread spectrum receiver for satellite ranging

The invention relates to an intermediate frequency direct sequence spread spectrum receiver for satellite ranging, which consists of 37 parts of a front-end A/D, an FFT module, a local PN code generator, a correlator, an automatic threshold calculation module and the like. The connection relationship is as follows: the output of the front-end A/D and the output of a carrier tracking loop NCO are respectively connected to an in-phase branch multiplier and an orthogonal branch multiplier, the input of the front-end A/D and the input of the carrier tracking loop NCO enter into an in-phase branch FIR low-pass filter and an orthogonal branch FIR low-pass filter, consequently, on the one hand, the output is sent to an integral zero clearing device, then the output which is sent to the FFT module, a branch 1 local PN code memory ROM and a branch 2 local PN code memory ROM enters into a branch 1 complex multiplier and a branch 2 complex multiplier, the output is sent to a branch 1 root mean square module and a branch 2 root mean square module, the output is sent to the threshold calculation module and a capturing and judging module for carrying out code catching; and on the other hand, the output is sent to the correlator and the local PN code generator for carrying out code tracking. The output of the correlator is simultaneously sent into a frequency discriminator/phase discriminator of the carrier tracking loop and then enters into a loop filter of the carrier tracking loop, and the output of the loop filter of the carrier tracking loop enters into the carrier tracking loop NCO for carrying out carrier tracking.
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