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22324 results about "Electric cables" patented technology

Body implantable lead including one or more conductive polymer electrodes and methods for fabricating same

A body implantable lead comprises a lead body including a conductive polymer electrode disposed along a distal end portion of the lead body for performing one or more of the functions consisting of pacing, sensing, cardioversion and defibrillation. An electrical conductor, preferably in the form of a multistrand cable conductor, couples the conductive polymer electrode with a proximal end of the lead body. The conductive polymer electrode encapsulates the conductor and is in electrical contact therewith along the length, and preferably along substantially the entire length, of the conductive polymer electrode. The lead body may comprise a multilumen polymer housing, the conductor being contained within one of the lumens of the housing. The conductive polymer electrode may be disposed within a window formed in the lead body. Alternatively, the conductive polymer electrode may comprise multiple electrode sections within a corresponding number of windows formed in the lead body and spaced apart along the length thereof. Further, the window and the conductive polymer electrode disposed therein may extend helically about the lead body. Because of its flexibility and because it can have a small diameter, the lead of the invention is particularly advantageous for implantation in the small, tortuous vessels of the coronary sinus region of the heart for left side stimulation and/or sensing.
Methods of fabricating lead bodies incorporating conductive polymer electrodes are also disclosed.

Devices and methods for tissue access

InactiveUS20060122458A1Enabling symptomatic reliefApproach can be quite invasiveCannulasDiagnosticsSurgical departmentNerve stimulation
Methods and apparatus are provided for selective surgical removal of tissue, e.g., for enlargement of diseased spinal structures, such as impinged lateral recesses and pathologically narrowed neural foramen. In one variation, tissue may be ablated, resected, removed, or otherwise remodeled by standard small endoscopic tools delivered into the epidural space through an epidural needle. Once the sharp tip of the needle is in the epidural space, it is converted to a blunt tipped instrument for further safe advancement. A specially designed epidural catheter that is used to cover the previously sharp needle tip may also contain a fiberoptic cable. Further embodiments of the current invention include a double barreled epidural needle or other means for placement of a working channel for the placement of tools within the epidural space, beside the epidural instrument. The current invention includes specific tools that enable safe tissue modification in the epidural space, including a barrier that separates the area where tissue modification will take place from adjacent vulnerable neural and vascular structures. In one variation, a tissue removal device is provided including a thin belt or ribbon with an abrasive cutting surface. The device may be placed through the neural foramina of the spine and around the anterior border of a facet joint. Once properly positioned, a medical practitioner may enlarge the lateral recess and neural foramina via frictional abrasion, i.e., by sliding the tissue removal surface of the ribbon across impinging tissues. A nerve stimulator optionally may be provided to reduce a risk of inadvertent neural abrasion. Additionally, safe epidural placement of the working barrier and epidural tissue modification tools may be further improved with the use of electrical nerve stimulation capabilities within the invention that, when combined with neural stimulation monitors, provide neural localization capabilities to the surgeon. The device optionally may be placed within a protective sheath that exposes the abrasive surface of the ribbon only in the area where tissue removal is desired. Furthermore, an endoscope may be incorporated into the device in order to monitor safe tissue removal. Finally, tissue remodeling within the epidural space may be ensured through the placement of compression dressings against remodeled tissue surfaces, or through the placement of tissue retention straps, belts or cables that are wrapped around and pull under tension aspects of the impinging soft tissue and bone in the posterior spinal canal.

Artificial heart power and control system

The present invention provides a human engineered power and control system for artificial hearts or assist devices configured for ease of use, ruggedness, and high reliability. Battery powered systems of the prior art have required multiple cables and connectors that are subject to failure due to damage or wear. In the present invention, direct connection of the batteries to the control system eliminates multiple cables and connectors used with previous designs. A novel method of connecting batteries to the control system and exchanging batteries without interruption of power is provided in a compact user friendly configuration. The control system may provide periodic reductions in assist device flow to permit the natural ventricle to eject blood through the natural outflow valve, open the valve leaflets to prevent them from adhering together, and achieve sufficient washout to prevent thrombosis. Using either software based control or software independent electronic circuitry, the flow pumped by the artificial heart is reduced for a long enough period of time to permit at least a few beats of the natural heart to generate sufficient pressure to open the outflow valve. In a control system embodiment in which the patient manually adjusts the pump speed to incremental settings for rest and exercise conditions, a pulsatile flow mode is disclosed which provides approximately the same flow at a given incremental setting as the pump produces when running in a constant speed mode at the same setting. As the patient learns which speed setting is best for daily activities, the patient may use the same setting with either a pulsatile or constant pump speed mode.
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