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10812results about How to "Eliminate distractions" patented technology

Uplink timing synchronization and access control for a multi-access wireless communication system

Improved timing synchronization and access control techniques for use in an orthogonal frequency division multiplexed (OFDM) wireless system or other type of wireless communication system. In accordance with the invention, an uplink synchronization and access control system is provided in which mobile stations transmit certain timing and access signals in dedicated intervals in an uplink stream. Access control is illustratively implemented as a two-stage process in which a given mobile first transmits a generic uplink access signal in one of the intervals. If this access is accepted, the base station transmits an access acknowledgment containing initial timing and power corrections, along with initial channel assignments on which the mobile can initiate a call set-up process. For re-synchronization, mobiles transmit timing synchronization signals in the dedicated timing and access intervals. The base station measures the arrival time of the signals, and sends back appropriate timing corrections. The invention thereby ensures that orthogonality between mobiles is maintained.

Remotely accessible power controller for building lighting

A remotely accessible power controller communicates power reduction command signals by power line carrier (PLC) signaling over existing AC power distribution conductors for automatically disconnecting building lighting loads. Turn-off command signals from a local or remote controller automatically disconnect building lighting loads according to a time-of-day schedule to comply with mandated energy consumption codes applicable to the automatic shutoff of electrical lighting. Load shedding (selective turn off and/or dimming) command signals transmitted from public or private utility companies automatically disconnect or reduce building lighting loads in accordance with load curtailment agreements to limit total connected power consumption below an agreed level. The power controller is connected by a minimum amount of retrofit wiring into an existing end-user alternating current power distribution network, for example, a building power distribution network having AC power conductors that service multiple lighting loads interconnected in one or more power phase groups. Each dimming lighting load is equipped with an addressable dimming module for decoding and executing dimming and turn-on and turn-off power reduction commands. Fluorescent lamps are equipped with addressable electronic dimming ballasts.

Automatic schematic diagram generation using topology information

A netlist of a schematic diagram is generated. The netlist indicates the connectivity of components through connection lines. A normal display mode is provided in which at least a portion of the components are presented on the display, and connection lines corresponding to the components are also displayed. A topology display mode is provided in which the components are presented on the display without the connection lines. The user can switch between the topology display mode and the normal display mode while editing the schematic diagram. Automatic pin assignment and routing of the connection lines is performed according to the netlist, and is based upon grouping similarly classified connection lines. An abstract display mode is provided that presents abstract lines for a selected component, with a single abstract line running between two connected components. The abstract display mode is combinable with the topology display mode. Finally, the automatic positioning of components according to predefined topology templates is provided.

Method for recognizing license plate character based on wide gridding characteristic extraction and BP neural network

The invention discloses a vehicle license plate character recognition method based on rough grid feature extraction and a BP neural network. The method comprises the following steps: (1). preprocessing a vehicle license plate image to eliminate various interferences and obtain a minimum vehicle license plate region; (2). segmenting the vehicle license plate characters by combining vertical projection and a drop-fall algorithm; (3). screening the segmentation results to eliminate interferences of vertical frames, separators, rivets and the like; (4). normalizing the characters according to the position of a centre of mass; (5). taking each pixel of a normalized characters dot-matrix as a grid to extract the original features of the characters; (6). designing the BP neural network with a secondary classifier according to the situation of the vehicle license plate; and (7). reasonably constructing a training sample database to train the neural network, and adjusting the training samples by the recognition effect to realize accurate recognition of the network. The method effectively eliminates the noise interference, quickly and accurately segments the characters, steadily and effectively recognizes Chinese characters, and realizes the balance between real-time property and accuracy in the whole recognition course.

Highly bandwidth-efficient communications

InactiveUS7106781B2Efficient processingEnhance signal to noise and interference ratio of signalSpatial transmit diversityModulated-carrier systemsFrequency spectrumCarrier signal
A discrete multitone stacked-carrier spread spectrum communication method is based on frequency domain spreading including multiplication of a baseband signal by a set of superimposed, or stacked, complex sinusoid carrier waves. In a preferred embodiment, the spreading involves energizing the bins of a large Fast Fourier transform (FFT). This provides a considerable savings in computational complexity for moderate output FFT sizes. Point-to-multipoint and multipoint-to-multipoint (nodeless) network topologies are possible. A code-nulling method is included for interference cancellation and enhanced signal separation by exploiting the spectral diversity of the various sources. The basic method may be extended to include multielement antenna array nulling methods for interference cancellation and enhanced signal separation using spatial separation. Such methods permit directive and retrodirective transmission systems that adapt or can be adapted to the radio environment. Such systems are compatible with bandwidth-on-demand and higher-order modulation formats and use advanced adaptation algorithms. In a specific embodiment the spectral and spatial components of the adaptive weights are calculated in a unified operation based on the mathematical analogy between the spectral and spatial descriptions of the airlink.
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