The invention relates to a nuclear power plant working robot and a control system thereof, which belong to the fields of robots and automation equipment. The nuclear power plant working robot is a crawler-type mobile manipulator and is composed of a mobile platform driven by double crawlers and a four freedom degree manipulator carried on the mobile platform. The nuclear power plant working robot can move inside a nuclear power plant, has two control modes of manual remote control and autonomous control, and is remotely controlled by a wireless or wired mode. The control system of the nuclear power plant working robot includes a host monitoring and planning control system and a robot control system which are matched to control the operation of the robot. The robot operates autonomously, is safe and reliable, can complete certain dangerous tasks in high radioactivity environment; the robot has small size, stable performance, great maneuverability and low operation cost; a crawler-type chassis has strong gripping force as well as certain climbing and obstacle clearing ability, and is suitable to walking over complex terrains; and the robot has high intelligence degree and can realize autonomous control and manual remote control.