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10660 results about "Friction force" patented technology

The friction force is the force exerted by a surface as an object moves across it or makes an effort to move across it. There are at least two types of friction force - sliding and static friction. Though it is not always the case, the friction force often opposes the motion of an object.

Linear suturing and cutting device

The invention discloses a linear suturing and cutting device. The linear suturing and cutting device comprises an upper forceps holder and a lower forceps holder which can be closed and opened mutually. The upper forceps holder comprises a nail anvil, the lower forceps holder comprises a nail cartridge rack, the nail cartridge rack is detachably provided with a nail cartridge, and the inside of the nail cartridge is sequentially provided with a nail cartridge hole which penetrates the surface of the nail cartridge and a nail pushing sheet which is arranged inside the nail cartridge and can slide relative to the nail cartridge hole; the inside of the nail cartridge is also slidingly provided with a trigger sheet, the trigger sheet is provided with a wedge-shaped nail pushing unit which can drive the nail pushing sheet to slide inside the nail cartridge hole, and the nail cartridge hole is inclined to the far end of the nail cartridge. Therefore, when the nail pushing sheet inside the nail cartridge sheet is pushed, the stress direction of the nail pushing sheet is identical to the extension direction of the nail cartridge hole, relatively high friction force between the nail pushing sheet and the inner wall of the nail cartridge hole can be avoided, so that the nail pushing sheet can be pushed more smoothly, and further the surgical difficulty can be reduced.

Overrunning coupling assembly

An overrunning coupling assembly includes a notch plate and an annular coupling pocket plate positioned in face-to-face relationship with respect to each other along a common axis. The pocket plate has strut pockets disposed at angularly spaced positions about the common axis. The notch plate has notch recesses at angularly spaced positions about the common axis and positioned in juxtaposed relationship with respect to the strut pockets. Torque-transmitting struts are positioned in each of the strut pockets. Each strut has first and second ears at one edge thereof for enabling pivotal motion of the struts about an ear axis intersecting the ears. The opposite edge of each strut is movable between disengaged and engaged positions with respect to one of the notch recesses whereby one-way torque transfer may occur between the plates. A lubricant flows between the notch plate and pocket plate. A spring is positioned in each strut pocket and biases the respective strut toward the notch plate. Each spring engages the respective strut intermediate the ear axis and the opposite edge. Each strut pocket provides sufficient clearance forward of the respective opposite edge of the strut to allow forward sliding movement of the respective strut during overrunning to cause the engagement of the respective spring and strut to occur nearer the ear axis, thereby reducing the length of a moment arm about which the spring acts upon the strut which enables frictional forces of the flowing lubricant to hold the strut in its disengaged position to prevent the strut from slapping against the notch recesses as the notch plate and pocket plate are respectively counterrotated.

Linear actuator

A rotary shaft (3) and a rotation driven member (4) are so connected as to be capable of transmitting motive power when the rotary shaft (3) rotates relatively to the rotation driven member (4). A roller (6) gets displaced to a first position where a frictional force with an outer race (5) and the rotation driven member (4) decreases, thereby permitting transmission of a rotational force from the rotary shaft (3) to the rotation driven member (4). When the rotation driven member (4) rotates relatively to the rotary shaft (3), the roller (6) gets displaced to a second position where the frictional force with the outer race (5) and the rotation driven member (4) increases, thereby rotationally fixing the rotation driven member (4) with respect to the outer race (5). The power transmission from a brake apparatus (e.g., a parking brake apparatus) to an electric motor (2) can be hindered while permitting the power transmission to the brake apparatus from the electric motor (2) by using neither a worm exhibiting a relatively low transmission efficiency nor a worm wheel. In a state where the brake apparatus exhibits its braking force, the roller (6) receives the force from the brake apparatus and is thereby biased toward the second position, whereby a construction of a power transmission mechanism (50) can be simplified and costs can be reduced to such an extent.

Center-of-gravity tilt-in-space wheelchair

A center-of-gravity tilt-in-space wheelchair includes a base, a seat for supporting an occupant, and tracks supporting the seat for selective seat movement relative to the base. Wheels are adapted to support the base relative to a supporting surface. The tracks serve as rolling or sliding surfaces that allow the seat to rotate with respect to the base. Each track has a constant-radius arc with a focal point that is adapted to be coincident with the center of gravity of the wheelchair occupant. A low-friction supports the base relative to the seat. The low-friction support may include low friction elements that mate with the tracks to support for the tracks. The support can be adjustable to permit the overall tilt angle range of the tracks to be adjusted. The wheelchair seat can be adjusted to maintain the focal point of the constant-radius arc of the tracks coincident with the center of gravity of the wheelchair occupant. The front and rear wheels can be adjusted fore and aft relative to the focal point. A coupling includes plates having upper ends operatively attached to one another with seat canes therebetween and lower ends releasably attached relative to the side tubes. The lower ends can be movable in a longitudinal direction relative to the side tubes while remaining operatively connected to the side tubes. A base frame can include side frames having an offset at a front end and a caster housing supported by the offset. The offset is directed up to minimize the height of the side frames and down to maximize the height.

Portable handheld exercise apparatus which can be attached to a multiplicity of body parts

The present invention is directed to a portable personal training and exercise device with a cable and pulley mechanism which also is a mobile personal training and exercise device having an ergonomic plastic external housing that with the use of straps fits in the hand as well as against different parts of the body. The present invention has a cable and pulley mechanism inside a housing which has a pulley rotatably mounted on a shaft that spins in only one direction. The pulley spins in both directions so that it is spring biased for rewinding a cord onto the pulley. Next to the pulley is a brake wheel or brake bushing that is attached to the shaft. The brake wheel or brake bushing and a pulley spinning on a single shaft inserts into a sealed ball bearing on both ends. A spring is connected to the bottom of the pulley. In the center of the pulley is a combination ball bearing/one-way clutch that turns the shaft only in one direction. The shaft is attached to the brake wheel or brake bushing. Secured around the outer edge of the brake wheel is a brake band. Secured around the outer edge of the brake bushing is a brake clamp. The brake band or brake bushing can be tightened for variable resistance through a tension adjustment assembly including a tension bolt. There is also a multi-directional guide unit mounted on the housing for allowing the pulley cords to be pulled in multiple directions with variable amounts of friction. The cord, which is wrapped around the pulley, emerges through a multi-directional bearing that rotates 360 degrees, thus allowing full range of three dimensional motion. Therefore, a user may pull the cords of the pulley for exercising various muscles of the user and adjust the resistance force of the cord at an appropriate level from the user. Different attachments can be connected to the snap at the end of the cord or cable such as a grip handle, wrist strap, waistband, ankle strap and foot strap.

Three-freedom-degree constant speed decoupling space robot active spherical wrist and universal compliant control method

ActiveCN103341865AImprove stabilityIncreased range of angle adjustmentJointsKinematic couplingUniversal joint
The invention relates to a three-freedom-degree constant speed decoupling space robot active spherical wrist and a universal compliant control method. The offset mode that the included angles are formed among rotation plane normal and rotating shafts is adopted for both an upper hemisphere rotating body and a lower hemisphere rotating body. The intersection point of the two rotating shafts of the upper rotating body and the lower rotating body is the sphere center of hemispheres of the upper rotating body and the lower rotating body, the intersection point of the two rotating shafts coincides with the rotating center of an inner ball cage universal joint and the rotating center of an outer ball cage universal joint respectively, and then constant speed decoupling of three input movements is achieved; the output end of the outer ball cage universal joint is connected with a shaft neck of the upper rotating body through a bearing in a suspension mode, three absolute corner coded discs are connected with the upper rotating body, the lower rotating body, a motor conducting spinning motion, and the output end of a speed reducing system respectively, a six-dimensional ATI sensor is installed at the output tail end of the wrist, and a wrist universal compliant follow-up control mode is achieved by a rotating joint of an upper hemisphere, a rotating joint of a lower hemisphere and a joint conducting spinning motion through a system friction force compensation technology. The three-freedom-degree constant speed decoupling space robot active spherical wrist and the universal compliant control method are accurate in locating, stable in movement, and capable of avoiding oscillation phenomena of movement coupling and mechanical arms and effectively relieving mechanical interference in a spherical wrist full compliant mode.
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