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5566 results about "Pneumatic pressure" patented technology

Vibrating element liquid discharging apparatus having gas pressure sensing

A nebulizer determines the pressure and flow direction of the receiving gas for atomized liquid. A member of the apparatus is subjected to pressure exerted by the gas. The member is coupled to a bi-directional mechanical-electrical conversion element, such as a piezoelectric element, to form a pressure transducer. The member exerts a mechanical loading on the element responsive to the gas pressure to which it is subjected. In one embodiment, the element mechanically vibrates responsive to alternating electrical energization to discharge the liquid into the gas. The electrical admittance of the element is alterable by the mechanical loading applied to the element by the member. The difference between admittances measured in the loaded condition of the element and in an unloaded condition at the selected energization frequency is an indication of the pressure of the gas. By observing whether the magnitude of the admittance in the loaded state is greater or less than that in the unloaded state, the flow direction of the gas may also be determined. Or the flow direction may be determined by observing the changes in admittance as the frequency of the electrical energization is varied. In another embodiment, the piezoelectric element is not energized. The electrical output of the element, when subjected to a mechanical loading from the gas pressure, is used to detect gas pressures and/or as an indication of the gas pressure.

Method and apparatus for gas displacement well systems

A method and apparatus is provided for reducing the purge volume of a well during purging and sampling operations. In some system embodiments, the apparatus can be retrofitted to existing small diameter wells. A further embodiment provides a method and apparatus for using direct pneumatic pressure to purge and sample small diameter wells using a removable valve. This aspect of the invention allows a direct pneumatic pressure pump with a primary valve to be withdrawn through the top of the inside to the pump's pressure holding structure without removing a riser pipe or the system's fluid inlet structure. The invention allows fitting or retrofitting small diameter wells with valves for direct pneumatic pressure purging and sampling. Other embodiments include sealing a removable valve at or above the bottom of a riser pipe, remotely attaching a tool at the top of a removable valve, withdrawing a direct pneumatic pressure pump system's primary valve through the inside of the inside pump's pressure holding structure without removing the riser pipe, and attaching a direct pneumatic pressure pump system's sample return line to its primary valve. Further embodiments include a multiple return line pneumatic pump/well, which allows the use of multiple return lines on a pneumatic pump when used to pump water from very deep wells where piezometric surface of the water is also deep, as well as other uses for direct pressure pneumatic pumping and sampling.

Pneumatically actuated magnetic workpiece holder

A pneumatically actuated magnetic workpiece holder comprising a housing having a contact surface for contacting a workpiece to be held, and a magnet assembly translationally disposed in the housing, the magnet assembly comprising a plurality of permanent magnets arranged so that adjacent magnets are of opposite polarities. The housing is adapted for fluid communication with a pneumatic supply. The magnet assembly is biased towards an operative position, according to which the magnet assembly is sufficiently near the contact surface to exert on a workpiece an attractive force sufficient for holding the workpiece in contact with the workpiece holder, and is translationally positionable by pneumatic pressure towards an inoperative position, according to which the magnet assembly is sufficiently distant from the contact surface so as to be unable to exert on the workpiece an attractive force sufficient for holding the workpiece in contact with the workpiece holder. The invention is adapted for replacing suction-cup workpiece holders in conventional vacuum lifting devices, and a method of utilizing the present invention in this fashion is taught to comprise providing the workpiece holder with a coupling complimentary to the coupling for such conventional suction-cup workpiece holders, so that the magnetic workpiece holder may be substituted for the conventional suction-cup holder in the vacuum lifting device. According to this method, the vacuum supply of the conventional vacuum lifting device is adapted to provide such positive air pressure for employing the magnetic workpiece holder of this invention.

ARM (advanced RISC (reduced instruction set computer) machines) and FPGA (field-programmable gate array) based navigation and flight control system for unmanned helicopter

The invention discloses an ARM (advanced RISC (reduced instruction set computer) machines) and FPGA (field-programmable gate array) based navigation and autonomous flight control system for an unmanned helicopter. The system comprises a PC (personal computer), an integrated navigation subsystem, a power supply module and controllers, wherein the integrated navigation subsystem comprises a sensor group; the sensor group comprises a GPS (global positioning system), a gyroscope, an accelerometer, a magnetoresistive sensor, a barometric altimeter and a sonar altimeter; the controllers include a main controller and a steering engine controller; the main controller adopts an ARM microprocessor to operate the integrated navigation algorithm and flight control PID (proportion integration differentiation) algorithm and simultaneously completes data acquisition of the GPS, the barometric altimeter and the sonar altimeter; and the steering engine controller adopts an FPGA to realize data acquisition of the gyroscope, the accelerometer and the magnetoresistive sensor and transfers the data to the main controller via a concurrent bus to carry out attitude calculation and control operation on the unmanned helicopter. With the unmanned helicopter as a carrier, the hardware environment of a whole set of flight control system integrating study of the aircraft navigation and control theory problem, data acquisition, information transfer and embedded control is set up.

Non-pressure uncovering unlocking structure for pressure cooker

ActiveCN105996753ADelayed opening speedReduce the chance of burnsPressure-cookersAtmospheric pressureCooker
The invention relates to a non-pressure uncovering unlocking structure for a pressure cooker. The structure comprises a cooker body and a cooker cover, wherein concave-convex alternate cooker teeth are annularly arranged at the top in the cooker body; the cooker cover is in turning buckled connection with the cooker teeth; a non-pressure uncovering unlocking mechanism is arranged between the cooker teeth and the cooker cover; the non-pressure uncovering unlocking mechanism comprises a connecting rod, an uncovering button and a locking component for stopping the motion of the connecting rod; the connecting rod is moveably arranged in the cooker cover; one end of the connecting rod is butted against the outer side wall of the cooker teeth and is in sliding fit with the outer side wall of the cooker teeth; the uncovering button is arranged on the exterior of the cooker cover; and the locking component is arranged between the connecting rod and the uncovering button and is in driving connection with the uncovering button. The non-pressure uncovering unlocking structure for the pressure cooker has the advantages that the cooker cover is also under a locking state even if air pressure in the pressure cooker is lower; a user can rotate and open the cooker cover by pressing the uncovering button, so that the instant uncovering can be avoided and the user can prepare for avoiding heat released in the cooker; or the cover can be slowly opened, so that the heat can be slowly released, the burning probability can be reduced and the use safety can be increased.

Low compaction, pneumatic dewatering process for producing absorbent sheet

A low-compaction method of making an absorbent cellulosic web includes: forming a nascent web from a papermaking furnish; dewatering the nascent web to a consistency of from about 10 to about 30 percent on a foraminous forming support traveling at a first speed; rush-transferring the web at a consistency of from 10 to about 30 percent to an open texture fabric traveling at a second speed slower than the first speed of the forming support; further dewatering the web on the impression fabric to a consistency of from about 30 to about 60 percent by way of (i) combining the open texture fabric bearing said web with a fluid distribution membrane and an anti-rewet felt as the three pass through a nip into a pressure chamber defined in part by a plurality of nip rolls, the fluid distribution membrane bearing against the side of the open texture fabric away from the web, with the anti-rewet felt bearing against the web, and (ii) applying a pneumatic pressure gradient from the distributor membrane through the web thereby dewatering the web; and drying the web. Preferably the process includes the steps of selecting the papermaking furnish and controlling the process such that the dried web has a void volume fraction of at least 0.7, a hydraulic diameter in the range of from about 3 to about 20 microns and a Wet Springback Ratio of at least about 0.65. Optionally provided is a high solids fabric crepe in a pressure nip.

Method and apparatus for differential pressure testing of catalytic reactor tubes

A multi-tube differential pressure (Delta P) testing system for testing catalyst filled tubes of tube and shell type catalytic reactors has at least one mobile test unit for movement on the upper tube sheet of a catalytic reactor. An array of test probes is mounted to the mobile test unit and is selectively positionable in sealed gas pressure communicating engagement within the upper ends of selected reactor tubes. A pressure testing gas delivery system is interconnected with the test probes and selectively communicates pressurized gas to the testing tubes at a blow-down pressure or selected test pressure determined by restricted orifices. A differential pressure measurement system measures the back-pressure resulting from application of test pressure to individual reactor tubes and having a computer receiving electronic back-pressure measurement data and producing an electronic and/or visual record correlated with a reactor tube numerical sequence and identifying the resulting back-pressure of each reactor tube of the multi-tube test. The testing system is capable of selectively electronically counting in normal sequence and in inverted sequence to accommodate test unit orientation and incorporates a separate manually positioned testing wand to accommodate tube positions of the reactor that cannot be readily accessed by one or more of the array of test probes.

Oscillating air jets for helicopter rotor aerodynamic control and BVI noise reduction

An active control system for reducing blade-vortex-interaction (BVI) noise generated by a rotor blade. The active control system includes a pressure sensor assembly, a device for changing a lift generated by the rotor blade, and a controller for activating the device upon a detected change in air pressure by the sensor assembly. The sensor assembly is disposed in close proximity to the rotor blade, and is adapted to detect a change in air pressure on a surface of the rotor blade near a leading edge of the rotor blade. The device is adapted to be activated by the controller, to thereby change a lift of the rotor blade. The controller activates the device to change a lift of the rotor blade in order to introduce a compensating pressure onto the surface of the rotor blade. This compensating pressure attenuates the magnitude of the change of air pressure. The device for changing a lift generated by the rotor blade can include at least one aperture on the rotor blade and a diaphragm in the interior of the rotor blade. The diaphragm can be activated and moved between a first position and a second position at a frequency. Movement of the diaphragm from the first position to the second position pushes air out of the at least one aperture, and movement of the diaphragm from the second position to the first position draws air into the at least one aperture.
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