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1462 results about "Pre stressing" patented technology

PRE – TENSIONING. A method of prestressing concrete in which the tendons are tensioned before concreting. Pre-tensioning is done by stressing a wire, strand or bar, PRIOR to concreting.

Bone-conduction hearing-aid transducer having improved frequency response

A hearing-aid device and a method for transmitting sound through bone conduction are disclosed. The hearing-aid device comprises a piezoelectric-type actuator, housing and connector. The piezoelectric actuator is preferably a circular flextensional-type actuator mounted along its peripheral edge in a specifically designed circular structure of the housing. During operation, the bone-conduction transducer is placed against the mastoid area behind the ear of the patient. When the device is energized with an alternating electrical voltage, it flexes back and forth like a circular membrane sustained along its periphery and thus, vibrates as a consequence of the inverse piezoelectric effect. Due to the specific and unique designs proposed, these vibrations are directly transferred trough the human skin to the bone structure (the skull) and provide a means for the sound to be transmitted for patients with hearing malfunctions. The housing acts as a holder for the actuators, as a pre-stress application platform, and as a mass which tailors the frequency spectrum of the device. The apparatus exhibits a performance with a very flat response in the frequency spectrum 200 Hz to 10 kHz, which is a greater spectrum range than any other prior art devices disclosed for bone-conduction transduction which are typically limited to less than 4 kHz.

Damage-controllable self-resetting section prefabricated assembled steel pipe concrete bridge pier and manufacturing method thereof

The invention discloses a damage-controllable self-resetting section prefabricated assembled steel pipe concrete bridge pier and a manufacturing method thereof, and belongs to the field of bridge engineering. An exposed node connecting piece consists of a foot plate, anchor bolts, end connecting plates and buckling restraining sleeves. A connecting plate is mounted between prefabricated steel pipe concrete sections through high-strength bolts; the exposed node connecting piece is connected with each of a cover beam and a bearing platform by utilizing the anchor bolts, and is connected with a prefabricated steel pipe concrete section through the high-strength bolts relying on the end connecting plates. A pre-stressed tendon penetrates through a section prefabricated steel pipe concrete pier; the two ends of the pre-stressed tendon are respectively anchored to the interiors of the bearing platform and the cover beam by using anchorage devices. The energy consumption-controllable self-resetting section prefabricated assembled steel pipe concrete bridge pier disclosed by the invention has the characteristics of small post-seismic residual displacement, high energy consumption capacity, controllable energy consumption, high assembling degree, convenience and quickness in construction process, greenness, high efficiency, energy conservation, environment friendliness, easiness in factory production, convenience and quickness in construction, and the like; the construction period of the pier can be remarkably shortened.

Pre-stressing-force fabricated concrete-frame-joint connecting structure and construction method thereof

The invention relates to the technical field of fabricated concrete frame structures, and discloses a pre-stressing-force fabricated concrete-frame-joint connecting structure and a construction method thereof. The pre-stressing-force fabricated concrete-frame-joint connecting structure comprises a prefabricated concrete column, a prefabricated concrete superposed beam, a composite floor slab, a post-tensioned pre-stressing tendon, an anti-bending and energy-consuming reinforcing steel bar and a shear-resistant and high-strength reinforcing steel bar, wherein the post-tensioned pre-stressing tendon, the anti-bending and energy-consuming reinforcing steel bar and the shear-resistant and high-strength reinforcing steel bar are connected with the prefabricated concrete column and the prefabricated concrete superposed beam. A beam post-pour layer of the prefabricated concrete superposed beam and a slab post-pour layer of the composite floor slab are poured integrally, the inner portion of a beam column seam between the prefabricated concrete superposed beam and the prefabricated concrete column is filled with high-strength crack-pouring binding materials, the anti-bending and energy-consuming reinforcing steel bar and the shear-resistant and high-strength reinforcing steel bar are laid in the beam post-pour layer of the upper portion of the prefabricated concrete superposed beam, and the anti-bending and energy-consuming reinforcing steel bar is located above the shear-resistant and high-strength reinforcing steel bar. According to the pre-stressing-force fabricated concrete-frame-joint connecting structure and the construction method thereof, efficient construction can be achieved, the anti-seismic property and the progressive-collapse-resistant capability are good, and post-earthquake repairing is facilitated.

Buckling and energy consumption preventing steel plate shear wall

The invention involves a kind of data organization project area of technology to guard against the flexure to consume energy the steel plate shearing force wall. Its characteristic causes to state the shearing force wall to inlay the steel plate and two sides periphery concrete lap by in is composed; In states inlays the steel plate to use the low yield point high ductility steel products or the high strength high ductility steel products; States the periphery concrete lap to use the common concrete slab; States the edge component is composed by the marginal beam and the edge column; In states inlays the steel plate with to state between the concrete lap through to penetrate three blocks the bolts or the pre-stressed bold fastening, in states on the concrete lap to open the ellipse hole in order to the bolt passed through also has the enough slipping space; In states the concrete lap to open the hole site with to bury the trough section to give strengthens. And is strengthening the channel steel the corresponding position to open oval hole. The invention provides guards against the flexure steel plate shearing force wall is the high-rise construction structure or other structures a kind of new anti- lateral force components, it has the earthquake resistance performance well, the ductility is high, consumes energy stagnates winds full and so on the characteristic, is a kind of superior earthquake resistance consumes energy the component.

Construction method for chamber type bridge maintaining external pre-stress

The invention discloses an external prestressing construction method for box bridge maintenance, which is characterized in that: 1). The position of an anchor block, a redirector and a shock absorber are decided according to external cable arranging mode for external prestressing; 2). The installation of the anchor block: 2.1). concrete base surface processing; 2.2). hole drilling, hole cleaning and reinforcing bar planting; 2.3). the installation of steel-bonded steel plate: the anchor block comprises a steel-bonded steel plate, a connecting plate and a stiffening plate; all anchor bolts are penetrated through a corresponding fixing hole on the steel-bonded steel plate; 2.4). the installation of other steel plates for the anchor block; the connecting plate is welded with the steel-bonded steel plate, the stiffening plate is welded with the steel-bonded steel plate and is provided with a through hole for external cable; 2.5). glue pouring for the steel-bonded steel plate: glue pouring is made between the steel-bonded steel plate and the concrete base surface for the anchor block; 3). Horizontal partition wall perforation; 4). The installation of a redirecting support and a damping support; 5). The installation of the redirector; 6). Penetrating and tension of prestressing steel strand; 7). The installation of the shock absorber. The invention has the advantages of convenient construction, flexibility and stronger reliability.

Pre-stressed continuous concrete beam design method based on BIM technology

The invention discloses a pre-stressed continuous concrete beam design method based on the BIM technology. The pre-stressed continuous concrete beam design method includes the following steps that according to a file format, pre-stressed continuous beam design information is input; a finite element model is formed, and the structure size is analyzed and determined through the numerical value; an information-model parameterization cross section library is built; according to the structure size, a cross section is automatically instantiated to generate a continuous beam three-dimensional model containing user information; according to the characteristics of the cross section of the continuous beam, a reinforcing-steel-bar-net space node coordinate database is automatically built; instantiation data is sequentially comprises all parts of arrangement space reinforcing steel bars of the continuous beam, and user information is added; according to an information module, two-dimensional drawings are automatically established, quantity statistics is automatically completed. By means of the pre-stressed continuous concrete beam design method based on the BIM technology, rapid forming of universal data, the three-dimensional information model and the reinforcing-steel-bar drawings is achieved, and the pre-stressed continuous concrete beam design method has good popularization value and the good application value.

Design method for longitudinal pre-stressing tendons of variable-cross-section pre-stressed concrete continuous bridge

The invention discloses a design method for longitudinal pre-stressing tendons of a variable-cross-section pre-stressed concrete continuous bridge. The optimization design method for the longitudinal pre-stressing tendons of the pre-stressed concrete continuous bridge is built based on the design principle of the pre-stressed degree and through combining an analytic method with a finite element method and compressively considering dead load and live load action effects. A three moment equation of the variable-cross-section pre-stressed concrete continuous box girder bridge is established to solve the internal force of the structure under the action of the self weight on the basis of the average bending moment method. A calculation formula of pre-stressed effective pre-pressure is built through a load equal effect method and a unit load method; a creep effect calculation formula is built through a force method; the temperature effect and the automobile load effect are calculated through the finite element method; and a variable-cross-section statically indeterminate structure pre-stressing tendon reinforcement calculation formula is obtained through combination of the stress ratio with the definition of the competitive pre-stressed degree.

Method for producing a composite structure including a piezoelectric element

A composite structure (3) includes a piezoelectric element (1) sandwiched between fiber composite panels (2). The composite structure can be used as an actuator element. In a method for producing the composite structure, the fiber composite panels are pre-stressed and pre-strained by applying respective pre-stressing forces (F1, F2) in opposite directions along two substantially perpendicular axes in the plane of the panel. The pre-stressed and pre-strained condition of the fiber composite panels (2) is maintained, while the panels are adhesively bonded (5) surfacially onto the piezoelectric element (1). After the bonding is completed, the pre-stressing forces are removed from the fiber composite panels. As a result, in the finished composite structure (3), the fiber composite panels (2) are under internal tension, while the piezoelectric element (1) is under internal compression. The pre-stressing forces (F1, F2) are particularly selected in magnitude and direction to achieve the required resultant balance of tension and compression within the composite structure (3). The pre-compression of the piezoelectric element (1) should be sufficient so that operating loads on the composite structure do not result in tension loading of the piezoceramic element, while substantially maintaining the useful active strain range of the overall composite structure.

Coil rod for pre-stressed steel strand and production method of coil rod

InactiveCN104651724AReduce C contentHarm reductionPre stressPre stressing
The invention discloses a coil rod for a pre-stressed steel strand and a production method of the coil rod. The production method comprises the following steps: smelting in a rotary furnace; refining in an LF; continuously casting; heating; carrying out controlled rolling and controlled cooling. In the continuous casting step, a casting blank consists of the following chemical components in percentage by weight:0.78-0.82 percent of C, 0.20-0.25 percent of Si, 0.75-0.80 percent of Mn, 0.20-0.25 percent of Cr, smaller than or equal to 0.012 percent of P, smaller than or equal to 0.010 percent of S and 0.02-0.03 percent of V. The controlled rolling and controlled cooling step comprises steps of rolling, spinning, cooling and collecting and coiling; in the rolling step, the rolling temperature is 1000+/-15 DEG C; the precision rolling temperature is 920 to 950 DEG C; in the spinning step, the spinning temperature is 860 to 880 DEG C. According to the method, based on optimization and control of the chemical components, by regulating and controlling the steel rolling process, the sorbite rate of the coil rod is increased, the interlamellar spacing of the sorbite is reduced, and generation of poor tissues is avoided, so that the coil rod has the characteristics of high intensity, high plasticity and low pole difference and satisfies the use requirement that the wire is not broken at a high-pulling speed; the pulling speed is increased; the wire breaking rate is reduced; therefore the production efficiency is improved to some degree.

High-strength three-dimensional support system of yielding type restriction concrete lagging jack

The invention discloses a high-strength three-dimensional support system of a yielding type restriction concrete lagging jack, which is mainly formed by a restriction concrete lagging jack, a yielding node, a vertical beam, an anchor rod or an anchor cable, wherein the restriction concrete lagging jack is in a closed structure which is the same as the shape of a roadway and is formed by connecting and combining restriction concrete through a sleeve and the yielding node; the restriction concrete is distributed at an interval and is connected through the vertical beam; the anchor rod or the anchor cable passes through the vertical beam to be anchored into a rock layer; pre-stress is applied so as to form extrusion effect on a surrounding rock; and the lagging jack forms an integral structure with the anchor rod or the anchor cable through the vertical beam, and a space three-dimensional support system is formed by combined action. The high-strength three-dimensional support system is applicable to an underground engineering support including a deep soft rock underground roadway and the like, and has the advantages of high supporting strength, good stability, reasonable stress and the like; and the high-strength three-dimensional support system has a yielding function and can effectively control the stability of a roadway surrounding rock.

Vibration analysis method for dry frictional damping mistuned blades with tendons and shroud bands

The invention discloses a vibration analysis method for dry frictional damping mistuned blades with tendons and shroud bands. The method comprises the steps of for actual mistuned states of the blades of a steam turbine, performing three-dimensional contact finite element analysis firstly to obtain support reactions of nodes of contact surfaces of the tendons and the shroud bands of the entire circle of the blades; secondly establishing a contact surface relationship by adopting spring damping units, considering positive pressures, areas and frictional coefficients at the spring damping units, and building a dry frictional damping mistuned vibration analysis model based on a Mindlin micro-sliding friction model and a harmonic balance method; thirdly considering a pre-stress and adopting harmonic response analysis for obtaining convergency values of vibration responses of the blades through iterative solving; and through cyclic calculation, obtaining vibration amplitude response curves of the dry frictional mistuned blades, and performing further extraction to obtain an inherent frequency and a vibration mode. The method is of important significance for dry frictional damping mistuned analysis of the blades and improvement of mistuned bladed disk vibration.

Assembly integral type concrete frame structure of dry-wet mixed connection of nodes and construction method

InactiveCN106677339AAchieving Plastic Hinge TransferShorten the construction time of flow waterBuilding material handlingConcrete beamsPre stress
The invention discloses an assembly integral type concrete frame structure of dry-wet mixed connection of nodes and a construction method. The assembly integral type concrete frame structure comprises pre-fabricated concrete pillars, pre-fabricated concrete beams, node local pre-stressed tendons, pre-fabricated concrete plates and rear-poured concrete combined interface layers; in an installation construction stage of a structural system, pre-fabricated components of the beams and the pillars adopt local pre-stress exerting and are connected in a dry mode, step-shaped rabbets at the ends of the pre-fabricated concrete beams are stored on side brackets of the pre-fabricated concrete pillars, and the pre-stressed tendons are inserted into vertical cross arc-shaped porous channels reserved in the beam ends and the node pillar sections of the pre-fabricated concrete pillars and are stretched; after dry-type connection between the pre-fabricated concrete beams and the pre-fabricated concrete pillars is completed, and the structural bearing capacity is achieved; in a using stage, after the pre-fabricated concrete plates or steel bearing plates, the pre-fabricated beams and steel rebars on the upper portions of the pre-fabricated plates are installed, the concrete combined interface layers are poured, and wet-type connection among the pre-fabricated concrete pillars, the pre-fabricated concrete beams and the pre-fabricated concrete plates is completed; and through dry-and-wet-type mixed connection of the nodes, the assembly integral type concrete frame structure is formed.
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