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3655 results about "Hydrogen production" patented technology

Hydrogen production is the family of industrial methods for generating hydrogen. Hydrogen is primarily produced by steam reforming of natural gas. Other major sources include naphtha or oil reforming of refinery or other industrial off-gases, and partial oxidation of coal and other hydrocarbons. A small amount is obtained by water electrolysis and other sources.

Hydrogen production from carbonaceous material

Hydrogen is produced from solid or liquid carbon-containing fuels in a two-step process. The fuel is gasified with hydrogen in a hydrogenation reaction to produce a methane-rich gaseous reaction product, which is then reacted with water and calcium oxide in a hydrogen production and carbonation reaction to produce hydrogen and calcium carbonate. The calcium carbonate may be continuously removed from the hydrogen production and carbonation reaction zone and calcined to regenerate calcium oxide, which may be reintroduced into the hydrogen production and carbonation reaction zone. Hydrogen produced in the hydrogen production and carbonation reaction is more than sufficient both to provide the energy necessary for the calcination reaction and also to sustain the hydrogenation of the coal in the gasification reaction. The excess hydrogen is available for energy production or other purposes. Substantially all of the carbon introduced as fuel ultimately emerges from the invention process in a stream of substantially pure carbon dioxide. The water necessary for the hydrogen production and carbonation reaction may be introduced into both the gasification and hydrogen production and carbonation reactions, and allocated so as transfer the exothermic heat of reaction of the gasification reaction to the endothermic hydrogen production and carbonation reaction.

Instant hydrogen-production power generation system and method

The invention discloses an instant hydrogen-production power generation system and method. The system comprises a hydrogen-production subsystem, a power generation subsystem and a collection and utilization subsystem, wherein the hydrogen-production subsystem, power generation subsystem and collection and utilization subsystem are connected sequentially; the hydrogen-production subsystem uses methanol water to produce hydrogen, and transfers the produced hydrogen to the power generation subsystem in time through a transfer pipeline for power generation; and the collection and utilization subsystem is connected with an exhaust channel outlet of the power generation subsystem, and is used for collecting water from discharged gas or collecting water as the raw material of the hydrogen-production subsystem. The system and method can collect residual gas discharged from the power generation subsystem, and extract hydrogen, oxygen and water from the residual gas; and the hydrogen and oxygen can be combusted to release heat so as to provide heat energy for the power generation subsystem, and the water can be transferred to the hydrogen-production subsystem for cyclic utilization, so that the system does not need any additional water source. The system and method can enhance the power generation efficiency of the system and save the energy source.

Catalyst for hydrogen production by catalyzing and hydrolyzing borohydride and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to hydrogen production and hydrogen storage technologies and materials, in particular to a catalyst for catalytic hydrolysis of borane for the hydrogen production and a preparation method thereof, thereby solving the problems that the direct application of powder catalyst in a catalytic hydrolysis solid-liquid reaction system can cause the loss of the catalyst, the catalytic hydrolysis reaction is difficult to control and the hydrolysis by-products are difficult to be recovered, etc. The catalyst is composed of an active component and a carrier; the active component is a binary, ternary or multinary alloy or a single precious metal or the combination thereof which is composed of one or more transition metals, rare earth metals or precious metals and metalloids; the active component is deposited on the carrier through the improved chemical plating technology, the surface thereof is rough and porous, and the structure of the prepared catalyst is the amorphous or the nanocrystalline structure. The preparation method has simple preparation process, high preparation efficiency and convenient large-scale preparation; the sources of the used raw materials are rich; the catalytic activity of the prepared supported catalyst is high, the real-time control of the catalytic hydrolysis reaction of the borane can be realized, the catalytic performance is stable, and the catalyst can be repeatedly used for a plurality of times.

Copolymerization modified graphite-phase carbon nitride nanosheet visible-light-driven photocatalyst

The invention discloses a copolymerization modified graphite-phase carbon nitride nanosheet visible-light-driven photocatalyst as well as a preparation method and an application thereof, and belongs to the technical field of material preparation and photocatalysis. The graphite-phase carbon nitride nanosheet visible-light-driven photocatalyst which adopts a nanosheet structure and synthesized with a copolymerization method is formed by taking urea and different small organic molecule monomers as precursors through the high-temperature copolymerization action. The prepared graphite-phase carbon nitride has a lower-dimension nanosheet microstructure and a proper band gap; compared with conventional bulk-phase carbon nitride, the graphite-phase carbon nitride effectively increases the specific surface area, enhances the utilization rate of sunlight, and has efficient photocatalysis hydrogen production performance in visible light. According to the copolymerization modified graphite-phase carbon nitride nanosheet visible-light-driven photocatalyst, the synthetic process is simple, the cost is low, the catalytic efficiency is high, the actual production requirements are met, and the photocatalyst has broad application prospects in the field of photocatalysis.

Preparation method for NiCoP nanowire electro-catalytic electrode

The invention discloses a preparation method for a NiCoP nanowire electro-catalytic electrode. A NiCo salt nanowire is adopted as a phosphorization precursor, hypophosphite is used as a phosphorus source, and the phosphorization process of the NiCo salt nanowire is achieved by controlling the annealing technique in a stored program control tube type annealing furnace. The diameter of the NiCoP nanowire obtained through the method is 140 nanometers, the length of the obtained NiCoP nanowire is about 3.2 micrometers, and the surface of the nanowire is roughly and evenly grown on a 3D netty foamed nickel substrate, so that the specific surface area and the electric conductivity of an electro-catalytic material are effectively improved, and the electro-catalytic hydrogen evolution performance and stability of an electrode material are improved. The electro-catalytic hydrogen production performance of the electrode is tested in 1M of a KOH electrolyte, the overpotential under the electric current density of 10 mA/cm<2> is 109 mV, and the Tafel slope is 88.5 mV/dec, so that the material has the superior electro-catalytic hydrogen production performance compared with common electro-catalytic hydrogen evolution materials. Meanwhile, the preparation technique is simple, the equipment requirement is conventional, reactive materials are abundant, price is low, and the electrode is environmentally friendly.

Nickel-iron hydrotalcite based electro-catalytic oxygen evolution electrode and preparation and application thereof

The invention belongs to the technical fields of material sciences and electro-catalytic hydrogen production, and particularly relates to a nickel-iron hydrotalcite based electro-catalytic oxygen evolution electrode and preparation thereof, wherein the nickel-iron hydrotalcite based electro-catalytic oxygen evolution electrode can be used in an electrolytic water oxygen evolution reaction in an alkaline medium. An electrode system takes a nickel-iron hydrotalcite structure as a catalytic activity center and takes nickel foam as an electrode material; in the alkaline medium, the nickel-iron hydrotalcite based electro-catalytic oxygen evolution electrode can efficiently electrolyze water to prepare oxygen, the overall overcurrent polishing of electrolytic water is reduced greatly, and good stability is showed; according to the preparation technology of the nickel-iron hydrotalcite based electro-catalytic oxygen evolution electrode, a nickel-iron hydrotalcite composite structure is grownon the nickel foam base through an in-situ electrodeposition method; and the resources of required raw materials are wide, the price is low, the technology is mature and stable, operation is easy, convenient and fast, controllability is high, the process does not produce poison, and the nickel-iron hydrotalcite based electro-catalytic oxygen evolution electrode is suitable for mass production andthe industrial electrolytic water reaction.
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