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1781 results about "Physical model" patented technology

Physical model (most commonly referred to simply as a model but in this context distinguished from a conceptual model) is a smaller or larger physical copy of an object. The object being modelled may be small (for example, an atom) or large (for example, the Solar System).

System for testing physical model for large-scale landslides under action of multiple factors

The invention discloses a system for testing a physical model for large-scale landslides under the action of multiple factors, which comprises a reservoir level fluctuation simulation unit, a landslide experiment slot section, an artificial rainfall simulation unit and a measuring unit, wherein the landslide experiment slot section comprises a horizontal slot section and a slope slot section, the horizontal slot section and the slope slot section are respectively paved with a slope body consisting of sand-soil mixtures, and the rear end of the horizontal slot section is hinged with the front end of the slope slot section; the slope slot section is composed of more than two slot sections which are sequentially hinged end to end, and the bottom of each slot section is provided with a lifting unit which can adjust the dip angle of the slot section; the rear end of the slope slot section is provided with a Malpighian-tube rear-edge water-replenishing unit; and the measuring unit comprises a deformation measuring part and a stress measuring part, wherein the deformation measuring part is used for measuring the deformation process of the slope body, and the stress measuring part is used for measuring the water pressure and water content of a pore of the slope body. By using the system disclosed by the invention, the changing regularity of each measurable physical quantity of a landslide in different development stages can be grasped accurately, thereby providing a possibility for better developing the studies on key parameters of landslides in different evolution stages.

Microgrid multi-energy joint optimal scheduling method

The invention relates to a microgrid multi-energy joint optimal scheduling method. The method includes: step 1, on the basis of force application conditions of energy supply equipment and operating states of energy storage equipment in different scenes, constructing a physical model of a multi-energy system; step 2, establishing unit mathematical models, including a wind power generator model, a photovoltaic power generation model, a micro-gas turbine model, a fuel cell model and an energy storage model, of the microgrid multi-energy system; step 3, in order to realize lowest comprehensive cost in system operation, constructing a microgrid multi-energy optimal scheduling model by taking DG operation constraints, system safety constraints and multi-energy coupling characteristics into comprehensive consideration; step 4, on the basis of reversed order dynamic planning, solving the microgrid multi-energy optimal scheduling model to obtain a microgrid multi-energy joint optimal operatingstrategy. By the microgrid multi-energy joint optimal scheduling method, operating demands in different scenes can be met, electricity-thermal coordinated optimal scheduling schemes are provided for operating of a comprehensive energy microgrid in different scenes, and high integral operating efficiency and high economic benefits are realized.

Calibration method of fish-eye lens imaging system applied to target detection

The invention discloses a calibration method of a fish-eye lens imaging system applied to target detection, which comprises the step of mathematical modeling of the fish-eye lens imaging system based on an equidistant projection and the precise calibrations of the intrinsic parameters of the imaging system (including the central point O3(u,v) of an imaging surface), the distance L between the top section of the fish-eye lens and a theoretic refractive optical center plane, the radial distortion coefficient K of the fish-eye lens, an image element aspect scale factor i, the plane torsional angle gamma between a camera coordinate system and an imaging surface coordinate system, various parameter calibration methods and matched software. The method aims at the omnidirectional vision system based on the fish-eye lens, analyzes the optical structure and the imaging principle of the fish-eye lens and introduces deformation parameters so as to establish the physical model of the fish-eye lens imaging system and then deduce the mathematical model of the system. With an independently-developed calibration procedure, three-dimensional space information is obtained from a two-dimensional image and applied to the calibration of imaging system parameters. The method is applicable to the calibration of various fish-eye type panoramic lenses, is convenient and accurate and has strong practicability.

Hybrid method for dental implant treatment planning

A hybrid method for dental implant treatment planning and a corresponding approach to make a surgical guide. After digital treatment planning is performed with CT scan data, a master model is created, which embodies the patient anatomy and entire treatment plan. Jaw bone, tooth surfaces, soft tissues and nerves are all contained by the master model. The plan details including implant sizes and positions, surgical guide drill options, as well as the choice of a surgical kit, are all conveyed by the master model. Meanwhile, models of specially designed “implant inserts (or replicas)” are also generated, which have one end that fits into the implant holes on the master model and another end to make the surgical guide. The master model and inserts are manufactured with rapid prototyping technology. A surgical guide is later on made from them with conventional lab processes. A main characteristic of this approach is that the master model and the inserts are the physical embodiment of a virtual treatment plan. With them, the surgeons can continue the treatment planning for operations like tooth extractions and bone modifications before making the surgical guides. Therefore the treatment planning workflow is a combination of digital treatment planning and a physical model based planning, in other words, a hybrid approach. A differentiator in this invention is the generation of a closed solid model of the soft tissue, as part of the master model, from the scan data. This approach can be applied to create both bone-borne and tissue-borne surgical guides with low cost process, which is a big advantage over other approaches.

Method for determining reserve volume of nonhomogeneous sandstone reservoir

InactiveCN102426390AHigh precisionReduce drilling riskSeismology for water-loggingGeomorphologyBoundary theory
The invention relates to a method for determining reserve volume of a nonhomogeneous sandstone reservoir. The method comprises the following steps of: obtaining original stratum conditional parameters of an oil reservoir, carrying out logging data liquid displacement to obtain a corresponding elastic parameter curve corresponding to saturated water of a reservoir; based on saturated water loggingcurve as well as shale content and porosity distribution function of the sandstone reservoir and a mudstone interlayer which are obtained by statistics, determining a rock physical model by utilizingrock physical diagnosis, and calculating relation between elastic parameter variation of the nonhomogeneous sandstone reservoir and water saturation and net gross ratio of the reservoir; calculating accumulated impedance attribute by utilizing earthquake impedance data, quantitatively interpretating effective sandstone thickness and oil-gas-bearing saturation of the reservoir by virtue of the built template, and producting to obtain the reserve volume of the oil reservoir. In the method provided by the invention, elastic parameter calculation in earthquake scale and plate establishment are carried out, and earthquake accumulated impedance attribute is utilized, thus quantitative evaluation on the net gross ratio and the saturation of the nonhomogeneous sandstone reservoir is realized, andthe aim of determining the reserve volume is achieved.
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