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18527results about "Pump installations" patented technology

Hemodialysis systems and methods

The present invention generally relates to hemodialysis and similar dialysis systems, including a variety of systems and methods that would make hemodialysis more efficient, easier, and/or more affordable. One aspect of the invention is generally directed to new fluid circuits for fluid flow. In one set of embodiments, a hemodialysis system may include a blood flow path and a dialysate flow path, where the dialysate flow path includes one or more of a balancing circuit, a mixing circuit, and/or a directing circuit. Preparation of dialysate by the preparation circuit, in some instances, may be decoupled from patient dialysis. In some cases, the circuits are defined, at least partially, within one or more cassettes, optionally interconnected with conduits, pumps, or the like. In one embodiment, the fluid circuit and/or the various fluid flow paths may be at least partially isolated, spatially and/or thermally, from electrical components of the hemodialysis system. In some cases, a gas supply may be provided in fluid communication with the dialysate flow path and/or the dialyzer that, when activated, is able to urge dialysate to pass through the dialyzer and urge blood in the blood flow path back to the patient. Such a system may be useful, for example, in certain emergency situations (e.g., a power failure) where it is desirable to return as much blood to the patient as possible. The hemodialysis system may also include, in another aspect of the invention, one or more fluid handling devices, such as pumps, valves, mixers, or the like, which can be actuated using a control fluid, such as air. In some cases, the control fluid may be delivered to the fluid handling devices using an external pump or other device, which may be detachable in certain instances. In one embodiment, one or more of the fluid handling devices may be generally rigid (e.g., having a spheroid shape), optionally with a diaphragm contained within the device, dividing it into first and second compartments.


The object of the present invention is to provide a blower including a bearing structure wherein the number of components is reduced, the cost for manufacturing can be reduced, and the diameter of the shaft can be increased. The bearing structure is good at its durability, eliminates or reduces the rotational run out, and provides superior quietness. The blower of the present invention having an impeller adapted to be rotated upon energizing the blower comprising; a bearing device for supporting a rotational center portion of the impeller, the bearing device including; a sleeve, a stepped shaft including a larger diameter portion and a reduced diameter portion provided at one end thereof, the first inner raceway groove formed at an appropriate position around the outer peripheral surface of the larger diameter portion, the first outer raceway groove formed on an inner peripheral surface of the sleeve so as to correspond with the first inner raceway groove, balls of the first row interposed between the first and second grooves, an inner ring slidably fit over the reduced diameter portion, the second inner raceway groove formed around an outer peripheral surface of the inner ring, the second outer raceway groove formed on the inner peripheral surface of the sleeve so as to correspond with the second inner raceway groove, balls of the second row interposed between the second inner and outer raceway grooves, a stop ring provided around the inner periphery of the distal end of the reduced diameter portion, and a pre-loading spring interposed between the stop ring and an end surface of the inner ring to provide a suitable amount of pre-loading force to the inner ring.
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