The invention relates to a method for cultivating swamp eels and a device thereof and pertains to the technical field of agricultural cultivation, which is used for solving the problem of industrial high-density cultivation of the swamp eels under the unnatural conditions. The technical proposal thereof is that a three-dimensional multilayer small-area controllable water level combined-typed cultivating pool is arranged at the heliophobe indoor; according to the living habits and requirements of the best growing environmental conditions of the swamp eels, water source, the conditions of water quality, breeding density and bait proportion are configured for cultivating the swamp eels. Meanwhile, the three-dimensional combined-typed cultivating pool, a filtration pool, a deposition pool, an oxygenation pool, a dosing pump, a disinfector, a thermostat, and the like, form a closed water cycle system. And the problems of water supply, filtration, deposition, disinfection, constant temperature, constant flow, oxygenation, pollution discharge, and the like, under the condition of high density cultivation are solved in the cycle. By applying the method and the device of the invention, the swamp eels can be cultivated all the time without the influences of season and climate, and the large-scaled industrial cultivation of the swamp eels which are excellent special aquatic products can be realized.