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3056results about "Monocomponent polyesters artificial filament" patented technology

Modified Polylactic Acid Fibers

A method for forming biodegradable fibers is provided. The method includes blending polylactic acid with a polyepoxide modifier to form a thermoplastic composition, extruding the thermoplastic composition through a die, and thereafter passing the extruded composition through a die to form a fiber. Without intending to be limited by theory, it is believed that the polyepoxide modifier reacts with the polylactic acid and results in branching of its polymer backbone, thereby improving its melt strength and stability during fiber spinning without significantly reducing glass transition temperature. The reaction-induced branching can also increase molecular weight, which may lead to improved fiber ductility and the ability to better dissipate energy when subjected to an elongation force. To minimize premature reaction, the polylactic acid and polyepoxide modifier are first blended together at a relatively low temperature(s). Nevertheless, a relatively high shear rate may be employed during blending to induce chain scission of the polylactic acid backbone, thereby making more hydroxyl and/or carboxyl groups available for subsequent reaction with the polyepoxide modifier. Once blended, the temperature(s) employed during extrusion of the blended composition can be selected to both melt the composition and initiate a reaction of the polyepoxide modifier with hydroxyl and/or carboxyl groups of the polylactic acid. Through selective control over this method, the present inventors have discovered that the resulting fibers may exhibit good mechanical properties, both during and after melt spinning.

Preparation method of recycled polyester chip microfilaments and usage thereof

The invention relates to a preparation method of recycled polyester chip microfilaments and a usage thereof, belonging to the field of plastic modification and category of composite material/alloy promoter. The polyester chip microfilament is an ideal promoter which has excellent performance, environment-friendliness, high added value, wide application range and broad market prospect and can change the mechanical property of the composite material/alloy. Recycled blow molding polyester (RPET/RPBT) is taken as main raw material, and the following formula and process are adopted for preparing the microfilament according to parts by weight: 100 parts of recycled polyester (RPET/RPBT), 5-30 parts of wire-drawing high-density polyethylene (HDPE)/ polypropylene (PP)/ linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), 0.1-4 parts of crosslinking agent/ chain extender/anchoring agent, 0.1-0.8 part of antioxidant, 0.5-6 parts of nucleating agent, and 1-5 parts of nucleate accelerant, and other processing aids (such as lubricant and plasticizer)/functional aids (such as fire retardant and ultraviolet absorber) can be additionally and appropriately added. The microfilament is prepared through extrusion, cooling, drawing and granulating by the reaction under 90-260 DEG C under the action of mechanical shear. The recycled polyester (RPET/RPBT) microfilament prepared in the invention can endow the composite material/alloy with excellent mechanical property.

Fibers excellent in magnetic field responsiveness and conductivity and product consisting of it

InactiveUS20070003761A1Improve responseStable specific resistance valueCurtain accessoriesWarp knittingFiberHeat resistance
The present invention relates to fibers having excellent responsiveness to magnetic fields and excellent conductivity, as well as articles made of the same. In particular, the present invention relates to fibers having magnetic properties and conductivity, which are excellent in resistance to heat and responsiveness to magnetic fields in a unit where a magnetic field is applied, as well as in stability of conductivity when the humidity varies. In addition, the present invention relates to textiles using such fibers, knitted articles and cloths, such as non-woven cloths, short fibers, brush rollers made of short fibers, and electro-photographic apparatuses using brush rollers. The fibers of the present invention are fibers having excellent responsiveness to magnetic field and conductivity, made of a polymer having fiber forming functions which contains magnetic material particles in spherical form having a saturation magnetic flux density of no less than 0.5 tesla. According to the preferred aspects of the present invention, (a) the average particle diameter of the above described magnetic material particles in spherical form is no greater than 5 μm, (b) the coercive force of the above described magnetic material particles in spherical form is no greater than 1000 A/m, and (c) the above described fibers are complex fibers which are made of magnetic layers that contain 20 wt % to 90 wt % of the above described magnetic material particles in spherical form, and protective layers where the content of the above described magnetic material particles in spherical form is less than 20 wt %.
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