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1496results about "Picture interpretation" patented technology

Data processing system and method

A powerful, scaleable, and reconfigurable image processing system and method of processing data therein is described. This general purpose, reconfigurable engine with toroidal topology, distributed memory, and wide bandwidth I/O are capable of solving real applications at real-time speeds. The reconfigurable image processing system can be optimized to efficiently perform specialized computations, such as real-time video and audio processing. This reconfigurable image processing system provides high performance via high computational density, high memory bandwidth, and high I/O bandwidth. Generally, the reconfigurable image processing system and its control structure include a homogeneous array of 16 field programmable gate arrays (FPGA) and 16 static random access memories (SRAM) arranged in a partial torus configuration. The reconfigurable image processing system also includes a PCI bus interface chip, a clock control chip, and a datapath chip. It can be implemented in a single board. It receives data from its external environment, computes correspondence, and uses the results of the correspondence computations for various post-processing industrial applications. The reconfigurable image processing system determines correspondence by using non-parametric local transforms followed by correlation. These non-parametric local transforms include the census and rank transforms. Other embodiments involve a combination of correspondence, rectification, a left-right consistency check, and the application of an interest operator.

3D imaging system

The present invention provides a system (method and apparatus) for creating photorealistic 3D models of environments and/or objects from a plurality of stereo images obtained from a mobile stereo camera and optional monocular cameras. The cameras may be handheld, mounted on a mobile platform, manipulator or a positioning device. The system automatically detects and tracks features in image sequences and self-references the stereo camera in 6 degrees of freedom by matching the features to a database to track the camera motion, while building the database simultaneously. A motion estimate may be also provided from external sensors and fused with the motion computed from the images. Individual stereo pairs are processed to compute dense 3D data representing the scene and are transformed, using the estimated camera motion, into a common reference and fused together. The resulting 3D data is represented as point clouds, surfaces, or volumes. The present invention also provides a system (method and apparatus) for enhancing 3D models of environments or objects by registering information from additional sensors to improve model fidelity or to augment it with supplementary information by using a light pattern projector. The present invention also provides a system (method and apparatus) for generating photo-realistic 3D models of underground environments such as tunnels, mines, voids and caves, including automatic registration of the 3D models with pre-existing underground maps.

Systems and methods of viewing, modifying, and interacting with "path-enhanced" multimedia

“Path-enhanced” multimedia (PEM) data may be viewed, modified, or interacted with according to user selected views which determine the manner in which at least a portion of the PEM data is displayed. The PEM data is stored in a data structure as a scrapbook object including first data object types corresponding to the PEM data and second object types corresponding to the different view types. The scrapbook object data structure lends itself to displaying portions of the PEM data according to selected views that correspond to a particular time and place or to a particular time ordered sequence of locations (i.e., a particular path segment) and/or can be enhanced with other multimedia content related to that time and place or to that path segment, thereby providing a more interesting and effective display of the “path-enhanced” recorded events. For example, the time and location of a particular point on the path may be used to locate and append other recorded sounds and images associated with that time and/or that location, to thereby provide an enhanced presentation of a trip or other path-oriented experience. Moreover, the data defining any such associated path may also be edited to thereby define a new or modified path.

Calibrating method of binocular three-dimensional measuring system

The invention provides a calibration method for a binocular stereo measurement system, and belongs to the technical field of measurement and test. The invention adopts a plane calibrating board having a characteristic dot array with an accurate given distance between the centers of two characteristic dots; the calibrating board is shot from more than three angles; initial values of the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of two cameras are solved by using the linear method under a pinhole model; the distortion effect is considered; the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of the two cameras are taken as optimization variables for a first optimization; the space coordinates of the centers of the characteristic dots on the calibrating board are taken as optimization variables for a second optimization; the translation vector between the cameras is scaled to the ratio of the calculated distance to the given accurate distance, thus getting a calibration result of the parameters; the result of the second optimization is got by using the intrinsic parameters and the relative attitude parameters of the two cameras. Considering the influence of the geometrical errors of the calibrating board, the method reduces the manufacturing, measurement and calibration requirement of the calibrating board and gets calibration result of high precision.

Method for measuring three-dimensional position and stance of object with single camera

The invention discloses a method for measuring the three-dimensional position and the stance of an object with a single camera. The method comprises the following steps of: acquiring an image of a target to be measured by utilizing a single camera; confirming the real-time three-dimensional position and stance information of the target to be measured by accurately identifying marking points on the target to be measured; selecting a suitable camera according to a detection scene and a range and calibrating the camera to acquire inner and outer parameters of the camera; designing target marking points according to the target to be measured and reasonably arranging the marking points; then, detecting the target, identifying characteristic points according to the image shot by the camera, and matching the detected characteristic points with the marking points; and finally, solving the three-dimensional position and stance information of the target to be measured according to the corresponding relation between the measuring points and the object marking points. Whether a non-rigid object is deformed or not can also be detected by using the method. In the invention, the single camera is adopted to realize three-dimensional measurement, acquire the information of the target in a three-dimensional space, such as space geometrical parameters, position, stance, and the like, decrease the measuring cost and the size of a measuring system, and facilitate the operation.

Device and method for position measurement

A position measurement device is provided that can precisely measure the photographing position or posture of a photographing device or the coordinates of an object based on sequentially changing photographed images. A position measuring device 100 of the invention comprises: an image acquisition section 2 for acquiring a series of photographed images changing continuously or little by little along with position displacement relative to an object to be photographed; a positional relationship measurement section 9 for measuring position displacement and posture change of the image acquisition section 2; a feature extraction section 3 for extracting feature points from the photographed images obtained with the image acquisition section 2; a feature point tracking section 4 for tracking the feature points by searching corresponding points corresponding to the feature points on a plurality of the photographed images; an image selection section 61 for selecting an image to be processed from the series of photographed images based on a measurement result made with the positional relationship measurement section 9; and a position measurement section 7 for measuring the photographing position and the photographing posture of the image acquisition section 2 based on the image to be processed selected with the image selection section 61.

Dynamic target position and attitude measurement method based on monocular vision at tail end of mechanical arm

The invention relates to a dynamic target position and attitude measurement method based on monocular vision at the tail end of a mechanical arm and belongs to the field of vision measurement. The method comprises the following steps: firstly calibrating with a video camera and calibrating with hands and eyes; then shooting two pictures with the video camera, extracting spatial feature points in target areas in the pictures by utilizing a scale-invariant feature extraction method and matching the feature points; resolving a fundamental matrix between the two pictures by utilizing an epipolar geometry constraint method to obtain an essential matrix, and further resolving a rotation transformation matrix and a displacement transformation matrix of the video camera; then performing three-dimensional reconstruction and scale correction on the feature points; and finally constructing a target coordinate system by utilizing the feature points after reconstruction so as to obtain the position and the attitude of a target relative to the video camera. According to the method provided by the invention, the monocular vision is adopted, the calculation process is simplified, the calibration with the hands and the eyes is used, and the elimination of error solutions in the measurement process of the position and the attitude of the video camera can be simplified. The method is suitable for measuring the relative positions and attitudes of stationery targets and low-dynamic targets.

System, computer program and method for 3D object measurement, modeling and mapping from single imagery

A method for deriving three-dimensional measurement information and/or creating three-dimensional models and maps, from single images of at least one three-dimensional object is provided. The method includes the steps of: (a) obtaining at least one two-dimensional single image of the object, the image consisting of image data and being associated with an image geometry model (IGM); (b) deriving three-dimensional coordinate information associated with the image, based on the IGM, and associating the three-dimensional coordinate information with the image data; (c) analyzing the image data so as to: (i) measure the projection of the object using the IGM to derive measurement data including the height and/or point-to-point distances pertaining to the object; and/or (ii) measure the shadow of the object to derive measurement data including the height and/or point-to-point distance pertaining to the object; and (d) obtaining three-dimensional measurements based on the projection and/or shadow measurements of the object. In another aspect of the method, the method includes the further step of creating three-dimensional models or maps based on the projection and/or shadow measurements. A series of algorithms are also provided for processing the method of the invention. A computer system and related computer program for deriving three-dimensional measurement information and/or creating three-dimensional models and maps, from single images of at least one three-dimensional object is provided based on the disclosed method is also provided.
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