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13187 results about "Microcomputer" patented technology

A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU). It includes a microprocessor, memory and minimal input/output (I/O) circuitry mounted on a single printed circuit board(PCB). Microcomputers became popular in the 1970s and 1980s with the advent of increasingly powerful microprocessors. The predecessors to these computers, mainframes and minicomputers, were comparatively much larger and more expensive (though indeed present-day mainframes such as the IBM System z machines use one or more custom microprocessors as their CPUs). Many microcomputers (when equipped with a keyboard and screen for input and output) are also personal computers (in the generic sense).

Device for diagnosing physiological state and device for controlling the same

PCT No. PCT/JP96/01254 Sec. 371 Date Apr. 2, 1997 Sec. 102(e) Date Apr. 2, 1997 PCT Filed May 13, 1996 PCT Pub. No. WO96/35368 PCT Pub. Date Nov. 14, 1996The present invention relates to a device for diagnosing physiological state based on blood pulse waves detected in the body. It is the objective of the present invention to provide a device which correctly diagnoses the current physiological state based on changes in physiological state measured over a specified period of time in the past while taking into consideration the cyclical variation exhibited in physiological state. In order to realize this objective, the device according to the present invention has as its main components: blood pulse wave detector 381 and stroke-volume-per-beat measurer 382 which respectively detect blood pulse wave and stroke volume in the body; blood pulse wave extraction memory 386 which extracts characteristic information from the detected blood pulse wave; memory 383 in which the physiological state calculated from the stroke volume and this characteristic information is stored; output portion 385 which outputs an alarm; and microcomputer 387 which controls each part inside the device. The microcomputer calculates the circulatory parameters based on characteristic information obtained from the waveform extraction memory, and stores the parameters in memory at specified time intervals. At these times, microcomputer 387 calculates the circulatory parameters from the stroke volume per beat and the characteristic information of the blood pulse wave at specified time intervals, and stores the parameters in memory 383. Further, microcomputer 387 reads out from memory 383 the circulatory parameters from a specified time interval in the past, and calculates the average value and standard deviation. Microcomputer 387 then determines whether or not the current circulatory parameters are within a specified range determined by their average value and standard deviation. When the circulatory parameters are determined to be outside this range, microcomputer 387 controls output portion 385 to sound an alarm.

Universal serial bus (USB) RAM architecture for use with microcomputers via an interface optimized for integrated services device network (ISDN)

A RAM-based interrupt-driven interface device is disclosed for establishing a communication link between a universal serial bus (USB) host and a microcontroller device for providing a control function, the interface device being operative to receive digital information in the form of command, data and control packets from the host and to process the packets and communicate the processed digital information to the microcontroller device, and in response thereto, the microcontroller device being operative to communicate digital information to the interface device for processing and transfer thereof to the host. The interface device includes means for receiving a command generated by the host through a USB bus, means for storing the host-generated command and for generating an interface device interrupt signal upon storage of said host-generated command for use by the microcontroller device in responding to the host-generated command, a microcontroller bus for transferring microcontroller information and the interface device interrupt signal between the interface device and the microcontroller device. The interface device further includes means for receiving a microcontroller command from the microcontroller device in response to said interface device interrupt signal and means for storing the microcontroller command and it is operative to generate a microcontroller device interrupt signal upon storage of the microcontroller command for use by the interface device in developing an address for identification of the interface device to the host during subsequent communications therebetween, wherein during communication between the host and the interface device, the interface device-developed address is used by the interface device to identify host-provided information in the form of packets, and upon processing of the host-provided information, to provide the microcontroller device with the necessary information to allow it to respond to the host thereby allowing a generic microcontroller device to be flexibly interfaced with a USB, host for communication therebetween.

Battery capacity measuring and remaining capacity calculating system

A battery capacity measuring device in accordance with the present invention has a fully-charged state detector (80e), a detected current integrator (80a), a divider (80b), and a corrector (80c) incorporated in a microcomputer (80). The fully-charged state detector detects that a battery is fully charged. The detected current integrator integrates current values that are detected by a current sensor during a period from the instant the battery is fully charged to the instant it is fully charged next. The divider divides the integrated value of detected current values by the length of the period. The corrector corrects a detected current using the quotient provided by the divider as an offset. Furthermore, a remaining battery capacity calculating system comprises a voltage detecting unit (50), a current detecting unit (40), an index calculating unit, a control unit, and a calculating unit. The voltage detecting unit detects the voltage at the terminals of a battery. The current detecting unit detects a current flowing through the battery. The index calculating unit calculates the index of polarization in the battery according to the detected current. The control unit controls the output voltage of an alternator so that the index of polarization will remain within a predetermined range which permits limitation of the effect of polarization on the charged state of the battery. When the index of polarization remains within the predetermined range, the calculating unit calculates the remaining capacity of the battery according to the terminal voltage of the battery, that is, the open-circuit voltage of the battery.

Bionic intelligent air purification robot

The invention discloses a bionic intelligent air purification robot, comprising a vehicle body. A robot head is arranged on the vehicle body; a camera and an illumination lamp are arranged at the front end of the head; an infrared sensor is arranged around the vehicle body; a toxic gas sensor, a particulate matter sensor, a temperature sensor and a humidity sensor are arranged at the two sides of the vehicle body; a universal arm is arranged at the front end of the vehicle body and a dust absorption head is connected with the front end of the universal arm; an air purification filter is arranged at the rear part of the vehicle body; and a nozzle is arranged at the rear end of the head which is internally provided with a control circuit and a language communication circuit board. The bionic intelligent air purification robot has the functions of dust absorption, dust removal, sweeping, sterilization, organic matter decomposition, temperature and humidity sensing and adjusting, toxic gas detection, toxic gas elimination, particulate matter sensing, illumination, free walking, mobile charging, infrared sensing, omnibearing photographing, digital storage, language communication and the like; an intelligent microcomputer is used for control, therefore, the bionic intelligent air purification robot has the advantages of good work effect, stable equipment performance, convenient operation, high efficiency, simple and compact structure, light weight and convenient transportation.
Owner:雷学军 +3

Digital optical joystick with mechanically magnified resolution

A one or multiple axis digital joystick using incremental optical encoding with mechanical means for magnifying motion of the encoded medium to achieve higher resolution than otherwise attainable with the same optoelectronic components. Excellent linearity between shaft rotation and digital output results from elimination of backlash and preservation of rotary-only motion in the mechanical linkage between shaft and encoder disc. All electronic functions are implemented in a low-cost internal microcomputer that interfaces in serial or parallel mode with many system computers or microcomputers without additional circuitry. The microcomputer converts the incrementally encoded signals from the optoelectronic devices into absolute shaft-position information in a fail-safe manner. The joystick can be operated very rapidly without error because the encoded pulses to be counted are applied to microcomputer inputs that store the occurrence of each pulse until the microcomputer can process them. The stored program also ensures that each joystick has the same full-scale outputs despite minor mechanical variations from one joystick to another. In addition, it corrects errors caused by hysteresis in some of the optoelectronic components. The resulting joystick is field replaceable without any adjustments or recalibration.
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