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67results about How to "Minimize number" patented technology

Method, system and recording medium for maintaining the order of nodes in a heirarchical document

A method, a system and recording medium for maintaining the order of nodes in a hierarchical document. The method may select the maximum and the minimum number of children for each node, build an auxiliary ordered tree having at least as many leaves as atoms within the hierarchical document based upon the selected maximum and minimum number of children for each node, attach the atoms to the leaves of the auxiliary ordered tree, and label each of the nodes in the auxiliary ordered tree.

Method and device for fall prevention and detection

Method and device for fall prevention and detection, specially for the elderly care based on digital image analysis using an intelligent optical sensor. The fall detection is divided into two main steps; finding the person on the floor, and examining the way in which the person ended up on the floor. The first step is further divided into algorithms investigating the percentage share of the body on the floor, the inclination of the body and the apparent length of the person. The second step includes algorithms examining the velocity and acceleration of the person. When the first step indicates that the person is on the floor, data for a time period of a few seconds before and after the indication is analysed in the second step. If this indicates fall, a countdown state is initiated in order to reduce the risk of false alarms, before sending an alarm. The fall prevention is also divided into two main steps; identifying a person entering a bed, and identifying the person leaving the bed to end up standing beside it. The second step is again further divided into algorithms investigating the surface area of on or more objects in an image, the inclination and the apparent length of these objects. When the second step indicates that a person is in an upright condition, a countdown state is initiated in order to allow for the person to return to the bed.

System and devices for the repair of a vertebral disc defect

A system for repairing a vertebral disc defect, such as hernia or bulge, a full or partial tear in the annulus, or a weakened annulus wall as a result of an excision procedure. The system introduces a treatment device arranged to repair the defect, and may prevent the leakage of fluid from the nucleus. The components of the device may be resorbable materials, and may induce the ingrowth of cellular material into the components. The system may feature a locating device to ensure proper placement of the treatment device.

Liquid level sensor

An improved liquid level sensor is disclosed which provides a reliable and simple device for accurately determining the level of a liquid within a vessel. The sensor of the present invention utilizes a plurality of thermocouples grouped in pairs with the pairs being spaced along a line extending generally in the direction in which the liquid level may vary. A first thermocouple of each pair is located in relatively close thermal proximity to an electrically powered heater and the second of each pair of thermocouples is spaced away from the heater. The thermocouples are connected in series and produce a signal directly indicative of the level of the liquid along the sensor. Additionally, a pressure sensing circuit may also be incorporated with the liquid level sensor.

Glass roll, device for producing glass roll, and process for producing glass roll

Provided is a package form, with which cleanness of a glass film is ensured and the glass film is prevented from breaking. The package form is effective in minimizing the number of glass film processing steps to be performed before packaging and after unpackaging. As the package form for a glass film, provided is a glass roll (1) formed by winding a glass film (2) into a roll while superposing the glass film (2) on a protective sheet (3), the glass film (2) being formed by an overflow downdraw method and having exposed front and back surfaces.

System and method for dynamic key assignment in enhanced user interface

An improved user interface for data input without the use of a standard keyboard is provided. Input is accepted through a data entry means such as a shuttle control system, a standard telephone keypad, or a speech recognition system. The data that is entered is selected from a predefined list that is presented to a user in an arrangement that statistically reduces the number of keystrokes required for data entry. This presentation is the result of determining the relative frequency of each valid selection in the predefined list and presenting those valid selections with the highest frequency items in a position that minimizes the number keystrokes required for data entry. In a speech recognition embodiment, the data entered is selected from an active list containing unique sounding entries. Alternatively, the data entered may be selected by speaking the numbers associated with the keys corresponding to the keystrokes required for data entry.

Apparatus and Method For Memory Efficient, Programmable, Pattern Matching Finite State Machine Hardware

A programmable finite state machine (FSM) includes, in part, first and second memories, and a selection circuit coupled to each of the memories. Upon receiving a (k+m)-bit word representative of the k-bit input symbol and the m-bit current state, the first memory supplies one ore more matching transition rules stored therein. The selection circuit selects the most specific of the supplied rules. The transition rules are stored in the first memory in a ranking order of generality. The second memory receives the selected transition rule and supplies the next state of the FSM. The first memory may be a ternary content addressable memory and the second memory may be a static random access memory. The contents of both the content addressable memory and the static random memory is determined by an algorithm which minimizes the number of terms required to represent the next-state transition functions.

Rotor blade tip section

A main rotor blade includes a tip section having a splice cap, a structural tip spar, a core and an upper and lower tip skin. The tip section is mounted to a central blade section by mounting the tip spar to a main blade spar. The tip spar includes a first surface substantially parallel to a second surface. The first and second surfaces each extend from a shear web therebetween to define the generally C-shape in cross section. The shear web generally carries rotor blade torsional loads and eliminates the heretofore required structural core. A section of the tip spar overlaps a section of the main blade spar. The tip section thereby transfers the loads carried thereby through interaction between the overlapped spar sections. The tip section core and skins need not be structural members as the tip spar carries rotor blade tip section torsional loads.

Video surveillance camera

A video surveillance camera comprising a lens, lens holder, image sensor, base, and ring. The base has a plurality of slots, and the image sensor is mounted on the base. The lens is positioned in the lens holder, which has a plurality of arms with a pin. Each of the arms is positioned so that its respective pin is located in one of the plurality of slots in the base. The ring has a plurality of grooves for engagement with the pins and is rotatably engaged with the base such that rotation of the ring imparts axial movement to the lens relative to the image sensor.

Method of managing group key for secure multicast communication

A group key management method for secure multicast communication includes: creating a tree having a root node, internal nodes and leaf nodes to manage group keys of a receiver group by a group key management server; generating user keys of all nodes excluding the root node in the tree on the basis of Chinese Remainder Theorem; assigning the leaf nodes of the tree to users of the receiver group; and sending the user keys of the leaf nodes to the corresponding users for group key management. Further, the group key management method for secure multicast communication includes generating group keys of all non-leaf nodes; computing a solution of congruence equations based on the user key and group key by using Chinese Remainder Theorem for each non-leaf node; and multicasting a group key update message to each user of the respective leaf nodes.

Apparatus and method for minimizing number of transcodings in multi-network multi-codec environment

Provided is a method and apparatus for minimizing the number of transcodings between network devices in a multi-network multi-codec environment. The method includes: creating a received codec list by receiving a transmit codec comprised in a call setting message from a transmission device and the number of transcodings of the transmit codec, which has been performed from a codec of an initial transmission device; creating a codec Quality of Service (QoS) list containing total codecs of the multi-network and quality information of each of the total codecs; creating a transcodec list containing internally providable transcodecs and quality information of the transcodecs based on the codec QoS list; and creating an updated codec list by adding codecs of the transcodec list matching codecs of the received codec list to the received codec list and adjusting codec priority according to the number of transcodings. Accordingly, since the number of transcodings can be minimized, a quality decrease of original media can be minimized.

Pixel and organic light emitting display using the same

A pixel capable of displaying an image with uniform brightness, the pixel including an organic light emitting diode, a first transistor to control an amount of current supplied from a first power source coupled to a first electrode to the OLED, a second transistor coupled between a data line and a third node to be turned on when a first scan signal is supplied to a first scan line, a first capacitor coupled between the gate electrode of the first transistor and a second node, a sixth transistor coupled between the second node and the third node to be turned off when an emission control signal is supplied to an emission control line, a second capacitor coupled between the third node and the first power source, a fifth transistor coupled between the first power source and the second node to be turned on when the first scan signal is supplied to the first scan line, and a fourth transistor coupled between a second electrode of the first transistor and the data line to be turned on when a second scan signal is supplied to a second scan line.

Touch type electrophoretic display device

A touch type electrophoretic display device includes: a first substrate on which a plurality of gate lines and a plurality of data lines cross to define a plurality of pixels; a plurality of sensing signal lines formed to be parallel to the data lines on the first substrate; a plurality of first touch driving voltage lines formed to be parallel to the gate lines; a driving thin film transistor (TFT) formed at each pixel so as to be connected to the gate lines and the data lines; a pixel electrode formed at each pixel so as to be connected to the driving TFT; a switching TFT formed at each pixel so as to be connected to the sensing signal lines and the gate lines; a lo photo TFT formed in each pixel so as to be connected to the first touch driving voltage lines and the switching TFT and serving to recognize an applied touch; a second substrate attached to the first substrate in a facing manner; a common electrode formed on the second substrate; an electrophoretic film formed between the first and second substrates; a lead-out driver for detecting a position of the photo TFT when a sensing signal is transferred via the switching TFT in a corresponding pixel and the sensing signal lines according to an operation of the photo TFT, and outputting touch data; a gate control signal generating unit for outputting a second gate control signal indicating a touch mode operation when touch data is not inputted from the lead-out driver, and outputting a first gate control signal indicating a driving mode operation for converting an image if it is determined that a touch has been applied upon receiving touch data from the lead-out driver; and a gate driver for driving the gate lines upon receiving the first or second gate control signal from the gate control signal generating unit, wherein a timing at which each gate line is turned on and off when the gate driver receives the first gate control signal and a timing at which each gate line is turned on and off when the second gate control signal is received are different.

Human machine interface apparatus for vehicle and methods of controlling the same

A human machine interface (HMI) minimizing the number of gestures for operation control in which user-intended operation commands are accurately recognized by dividing a vehicle interior into a plurality of regions. The HMI receives an input of a gesture according to each region, and controls any one device according to the gesture. Convenience of a user is improved because the gesture may be performed in a state in which region restriction is minimized by identifying an operation state and an operation pattern of an electronic device designated according to each region to recognize the user's intention when the user performs the gesture in a boundary portion between two regions or even in multiple regions.

Ultraviolet (UV) post cure heat transfer label, method of making and using same

An ultraviolet post cure heat transfer label for application to an item includes a carrier web, a release coat applied to the carrier web and a composition including a cationic ultraviolet curable ink applied to the release coat. The ink has a solvent in a concentration of at a least about 20 percent by weight of the ink. The ink is dried in a non-UV process to form a storable film on the carrier web. The composition is transferred to the item and the ink is cured, by application of ultraviolet energy, following transfer to the item. A method for making the label and a method for marking an item are also disclosed.

Robot joint driving apparatus and robot having the same

Disclosed are a robot joint driving apparatus and a robot having the same. The robot joint driving apparatus includes a driving motor being rotatable in forward and reverse directions; a pair of movable members connected to the driving motor, and moving rectilinearly in mutually opposite directions according to the rotation of the driving motor; a wire provided with both ends respectively connected to the pair of movable members; and a joint unit, on which the wire is wound, driven by the movement of the wire.

Universal padset concept for high-frequency probing

A universal, substrate Padset for de-embedding pad and signal line parasitics has an input pad group including a first input signal pad and a first ground pad; an output pad group including a first output signal pad and a second ground pad; a first input-signal-routing network for routing the first input signal pad to a first input node of a first predetermined test device; a first output-signal-routing network for routing the first output signal pad to a first output node of the first predetermined test device; a second input-signal-routing network for routing the first input signal pad to a second input node of a second predetermined test device; and a second output-signal-routing network for routing the first output signal pad to a second output node of the second predetermined test device. The layout configuration of the first test device is different from the layout configuration of the second test device.

Sorting system using narrow-band electromagnetic radiation

InactiveUS20060081510A1Minimize numberLimit reliability and throughput speedRadiation pyrometrySpectrum investigationNarrowbandEngineering
A system for sorting articles includes a detector system having a plurality of narrow bandwidth sources of electromagnetic energy sequentially illuminating articles passing through the detector system, the detector system further including a collector for collecting electromagnetic energy reflected from the articles; a deflector for deflecting selected articles toward an alternative destination; and a control system, operably connected to the collector and the deflector, for actuating the deflector in response to a sensed parameter of the electromagnetic energy collected in the collector.

Method for Blocking a Lens Blank, Adhesive Composition and Use of the Latter in Lens Blocking

A new lens blocking material (adhesive composition 78) is proposed that essentially overcomes the drawbacks of previous blocking materials. This new material combines traditional UV and / or visible light (VIS) curable polymer materials with specially selected filler (s) as a non polymerizing solid in order to achieve or improve certain desirable material properties, including those of low shrinkage, low exothermic heat of polymerization, and improving the ability to deblock, while simultaneously reducing the high cost associated with such UV / VIS radiation curable materials. The new material is being used in methods for blocking a lens blank (54) onto a lens block (62) with a lens mounting face (64) that has a predetermined block curve, in which the number of different block curves required to cover the full range of standard lenses is minimized.

Active armor protection system for armored vehicles

A sensor system for defending armored vehicles against projectiles through the use of active armor. A thermal sensor detects a projectile's presence, and a laser proximity sensor determines its location. A doppler sensor distinguishes between threatening and nonthreatening projectiles by measuring the projectile's velocity. The sensors are positioned in a housing with a segmented spherical window, wherein each sensor can detect the projectile through a window segment having a filtering characteristic which is matched to its associated sensor. An eyelid shutter, which can open and close, protects the window from small arms fire and shrapnel. A conical deflector protects the sensor system from objects such as tree branches. Heater elements are used to clear ice and snow from the window, and the eyelid shutter removes other material through the use of a cleaning liquid delivery system and rubber wipers.

Method and apparatus for controlling reproduction of video contents

A method and apparatus for controlling reproduction of video contents, wherein a user can readily move a play position to a desired scene within a brief period of time to reproduce video contents from the moved play position. The user can pause or replay a desired scene without requesting separate skipping. In particular, in the case where the user requests a pause mode or a normal play mode during a quick browsing mode, rather than during the normal play mode, the present system exhibits many differences from existing systems and excellent performance over them.

Systems and methods for communicating with bi-nodal network elements

Systems and methods for communicating with bi-nodal network elements are provided. A single address is shared between both nodes of a bi-nodal network element. When packets are transmitted from either one of the nodes of the bi-nodal network element, the single address is employed as the source address of the packet. When packets are transmitted to either one of the nodes of the bi-nodal network element, the single address is employed as the destination address of the packet.

Method and host device for using content using mobile card, and mobile card

Provided are a method and host device for using content using a mobile card, and a mobile card. The method includes storing an identifier (ID) of the mobile card, a global key, and a content key encrypted by a secret key of the mobile card, generating a combined key of the ID and the global key, generating a first cryptogram, in which the content key encrypted by the secret key is encrypted by the combined key, transmitting the first cryptogram to the mobile card, receiving from the mobile card a second cryptogram, in which the content key is encrypted by the combined key, and decrypting the second cryptogram. Accordingly, a user can use encrypted content from a remote place.

Nested hierarchical rollups by level using a normalized table

Nested hierarchies can be efficiently analyzed by normalizing a portion of the hierarchy as defined by a limiting factor for the hierarchy. In a project hierarchy wherein each project contains a task hierarchy, each task hierarchy can be normalized. Further, the projects can be assigned to levels such that data for each level can be indexed, partitioned, or otherwise differentiated. The data then can be efficiently rolled up by level using the partially normalized hierarchy.

Method of locating hydraulic barriers within a geological gas storage layer

A method of locating argillaceous zones present in a geological layer from seismic data where a gas has been injected is disclosed. From a discretization of the layer into a set of cells, a first set of cells containing CO2 is identified by seismic data analysis of a first criterion. A second set of cells containing shale is identified by a seismic data analysis by a second criterion. The number of cells identified containing both shale and CO2 is then determined from the set of cells which are identified. The method is repeated by modifying at least one of the criteria until the number of cells is below a selected threshold εwi

Washing machine and outer tub supporting structure thereof

Disclosed herein are a washing machine which minimizes the number of dampers and effectively prevents vibration, and an outer tub supporting structure thereof. The washing machine includes a housing forming an external appearance of the washing machine, an outer tub provided in the housing to store water, an inner tub rotatably mounted within the outer tub, a driving device including a rotary shaft passing through the outer tub and connected to the inner tub to rotate the inner tub, a bearing surrounding the rotary shaft and fixed to the outer tub to prevent rotation of the outer tub during rotation of the rotary shaft, a bearing housing formed on the outer tub such that the bearing is mounted within the bearing housing, and a damping unit provided with a first end supporting the bearing housing and a second end fixed to the washing machine housing to reduce vibration of the outer tub.

Method and apparatus for base station association for avoiding frequent handover in femtocell network

InactiveUS20150189565A1Decrease frequent handoverMinimize numberAssess restrictionNetwork topologiesHandoverFemtocell
In a network including a macrocell and a femtocell, a terminal measures a current mobility state indicating a base station that is currently associated with the terminal and a future mobility state indicating a base station that is to be associated with the terminal in the future, and calculates expectation rewards for the base stations in consideration of information on neighbor base stations provided from a serving base station. In addition, the terminal selects a base station providing the largest expectation reward.

Inflation/deflation valve for cargo dunnage

A valve assembly for a dunnage bag wherein in the valve body a valve diaphragm is mounted on a shaft and is supported by a mounting bar such that the valve diaphragm may be reciprocally moved from the closed position to the open position by a simple axial push on the valve shaft. The valve shaft is retained in the mounting bar in an orifice and the shaft diameter is enlarged at its end distant from the valve diaphragm so as to generate a frictional force fit or lock in the open position to facilitate the removal of air from the bag. The valve may be released form the friction lock by the air pressure of a recharged bag and / or by the manual movement of the valve diaphragm and shaft axially toward the open end of the valve assembly.
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