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1616results about "Material fill-up" patented technology

Artificial soil and method for land reclamation by aid of gold mine tailing slag backfill exploitation regions

The invention provides artificial soil and a method for land reclamation by the aid of gold mine tailing slag backfill exploitation regions. The method includes carrying out filling and compaction onthe tailing waste slag backfill exploitation regions; uniformly mixing various components of the optimally designed artificial soil with one another and ultimately covering tailing waste slag backfillsurfaces with the novel artificial soil with a certain thickness so as to effectively treat mine tailing. The artificial soil and the method have the advantages that the prepared artificial soil contains abundant nutrient components, the contents of organic matters can be increased, the gas permeability of the soil can be improved, and the artificial soil is excellent in water retention capacityand fertilizer preservation capability and suitable for growth of plants; organic thoroughly decomposed substances come from agricultural and forestry waste, are extensive in source and are easily available, accordingly, solid waste can be comprehensively utilized in a 'reduction, resource utilization and harmlessness' manner, and the artificial soil and the method conform to principles of circular economy; the land occupation problems of tailing ponds and the problems in the aspect of tasks of land reclamation of mined-out regions can be simultaneously solved by the aid of the artificial soiland the method, and the artificial soil and the method have large market spaces.
Owner:杰瑞(莱州)矿山治理有限公司

House pillar changeable panel upward demix filling mining method

The invention discloses a house pillar changeable panel upward demix filling mining method. An ore body is divided into an ore house and an ore pillar arranged at intervals along the strike direction; a plurality of house pillars form a panel; a rock trackless preparation system is adopted and comprises a ramp, a rock slice drift, a demix ventilation connection and a rock concentrated ore removal winze; the mechanical upward demix filling mining method is adopted for mining, which mines a slice and fills the slice until the position required by the lower slice blasting compensation is reached. The backstopping order of the house pillars in the panel is the ore house first and then the ore pillar; all ore houses are subjected to upward backstopping at the same time; after a backstopping unit of the ore house is finished, the roof-contacted filling is carried out, and the mining of the ore house is temporarily stopped and the mining of the ore pillar is started; after two backstopping units of the ore pillar are finished, the roof-contacted filling is carried out, and the mining of the ore house is resumed; the abovementioned steps are repeated until the backstopping of the ore block is completed. The invention has the remarkable characteristics of improving the backstopping safety, reducing the resource dilution rate, lowering the support cost, increasing the enterprise profit, and the like.
Owner:CENT SOUTH UNIV +1

House pillar type cutting and filling method of medium coal seam for controlling movement deformation of overlying rock

The invention belongs to the field of coal cutting and filling, in particular to a house pillar type cutting and filling method of the medium coal seam for controlling the movement deformation of the overlying rock, which is suitable for the coal face with the coal seam thickness more than 2 meters. The method comprises the following steps: determining the initial weighting interval L and the periodic weighting interval M of the main roof according to the main roof initial weighting interval theory; arranging the rooms and the coal pillars at intervals; and using the material with high expansibility in water during the filling according to the method comprising the following steps of mining the rooms, filling the empty rooms, mining the coal pillars and filling the empty zones of the coal pillars. The method provided by the invention can determine the most economical filling ratio through controlling the key layer to maximize the benefits; the method provided by the invention can control the movement deformation of the overlying rock absolutely within the allowed range when realizing the pulling without pillars, and realize the extremely small gentle uniform sinking of the ground; and the method provided by the invention can realize the mining of the coal resource with high recovery rate under any condition by using the material with high expansibility in water, and greatly enhance the security of coal face. When the rooms are mined, a plurality of coal face of rooms can be arranged at intervals to enhance the working efficiency.
Owner:ZIBO WANGZHUANG COAL MINE

Stepped non-pillar continuous filling mining method for deep well super high large breaking ore body panel

InactiveCN101818643ASafe miningMining guaranteeUnderground miningSurface miningEngineeringCompressive strength
The invention discloses a stepped on-pillar continuous filling mining method for deep well super high large breaking ore body panel. An ore body is divided into a front part and a rear part in a super high large breaking ore body center by an transportation roadway, then the front part and the rear part are respectively divided into a plurality of panels, no pillar exists between pillars, each panel is partitioned into a primary extracting drift and a second extracting drift, the panels in the front part are extracted at first and then the panels in the rear part are extracted, the front and rear panels are extracted in a stepped manner, each production technology is carried out in the same level, and procedures can not influence each other; after the stop back production is finished, the primary extracting drift is filled with cement and the secondary extracting drift is filled by classifying tailings while roof-contacted filling is ensured; and the primary extraction drift and the secondary extraction drift adopt high strength filling topping, and binding materials are added in the filling tailings so as to improve the compression strength of a topping layer. The invention has the characteristics of high extraction safety, small loss and dilution, high mechanical degree, large stope amount, large back production strength, high production capability, short back production time and the like.
Owner:CENT SOUTH UNIV

Solid-filling coal mining method with two pre-excavating tunnels for advancing

ActiveCN102996131ASolve the technical problems that cannot guarantee the filling effectEasy to useUnderground miningSurface miningFilling materialsMining engineering
The invention discloses a solid-filling coal mining method with two pre-excavating tunnels for advancing. A mining roadway adopts an arrangement mode that the pre-excavating tunnels are taken as air return and inlet roadways and a gob-side entry retaining roadway is taken as a roadway for transporting filling materials and coal; coal extraction and gob backfilling are carried out by a comprehensive mechanical solid-filling coal mining process; and according to the coal mining method, a mining sequence is propelled by making a filling coal mining work surface be back to the direction for transporting the coal to a mountain in a mining area. The pre-excavating tunnels are formed before the extraction of the work surface by tunneling, and the gob-side entry retaining roadway is formed by optimally designed filling bodies beside the roadway along with the implementation of advancing filling coal mining operation along the work surface. The coal mining method is simple in process and technically and completely realizes coal milling without pillars, and the resource extraction rate of the coal is high. The coal mining method can not only solve the technical problems that a draw-back-type down-mining and up-filling work surface cannot ensure a filling effect during a filling milling process of a mine with shortage of resources, but also materialize the comprehensive mechanical solid-filling coal mining of mines with limited geological conditions by virtue of an advancing up-milling and down-filling work surface.
Owner:CHINA UNIV OF MINING & TECH

Method for filling solid and fully mechanizing and recovering room type coal pillar

The invention discloses a method for filling solid and recovering and fully mechanizing room type coal pillars, comprising the following steps of: reinforcing and supporting a coal pillar and a coal room top plate in a pre-recovering room type coal pillar area and suspending and hanging a wind curtain to form a solid substance haulage drift and a coal haulage drift which are connected with a large haulage drift; recovering the coal pillars by the conventional method, starting matching equipment after cutting a coal interval and transporting the solid substances to a goaf from the ground for filing and tamping; and cutting coal of next coal interval and filling the goaf, repeating the steps until finishing the recovery of all room type coal pillars. The method not only solves the problems that unstable coal pillar causes the safety accidents due to the superposition of stress of the front part and two sides of a workface because of the recovery of the traditional coal pillar, but also eliminates the potential safety trouble caused by the hurricane, large-area sinking and the like caused by the spontaneous combustion of the room type coal pillar and the large-area caving of hard top plates in the goaf. The invention has simple method, high production efficiency, low cost and over 85 percent of the recovery rate of the coal pillars.
Owner:CHINA UNIV OF MINING & TECH

Strip filling integral backstopping coal mining method

A band filling stoping mining method effectively solves the problems in the prior stoping mining of a 'three-low' coal bed, such as the sedimentation and distortion of the earth surface, the low recycling rate of coal and charcoal resources, the existence of safety hazards, etc. The method comprises the following steps: a transporter and a coal mining machine are laid on the working face of the mining area; in the direction perpendicular to the direction of the transporter movement, a timbering device which is composed of a hydraulic bracket of the working face, a side molding board bracket for filling beside the lane and a back molding board bracket for filling beside the lane, and connected with the connecting head of the transporter is arranged; after the brackets are pushed along the working face, paste concrete is injected through a pipeline into a filling mold cavity enclosed by the brackets, so as to form a band-shaped filling wall which is supported between the top plate above the goaf and the bottom plate of the coal bed. By the method, safe and convenient mining operation is ensured; the recycling rate for coal and charcoal is increased; meanwhile, the sedimentation and distortion of the overlying strata of the coal bed and the earth surface can be controlled in a very small range of deformation permitted by a building, thereby minimizing the amount of gentle sedimentation of the earth surface, and protecting buildings and attachments on the earth surface.
Owner:沈阳天安特种机器人有限公司

Rib-pillar-free continuous sublevel filling method for mining preparation in medium-thickness slope crushed ore body vein

The invention discloses a rib-pillar-free continuous sublevel filling method for mining preparation in a medium-thickness slope crushed ore body vein. The method comprises the following steps of: dividing a mine block into panel structures with a plurality of sections and bunches, namely dividing sections in a panel, not leaving a rib pillar in the sections, and dividing continuous extraction units; arranging a slope ramp of the panel on an ore body hanging wall, and arranging sectional roadways namely rock drilling ore removal gate ways in the vein; making all the sectional roadways in the panel mutually communicated, and the allocation and transportation of trackless equipment flexible and convenient; performing quarry central up cutting before the extraction, and ensuring the deep hole construction in a quarry upward sector in good conditions; performing operation such as multiple-section quarry rock drilling, blasting, supporting, ore removing, filling and paralleling; using a rib-pillar-free continuous extraction way backing from two wings of the panel to the center in the same sectional quarry, wherein an extraction process is performed sequentially; and filling a gob with tailings or waste stones. The invention relates to the rib-pillar-free continuous sublevel filling method suitable for medium-thickness slope crushed ore bodies, which has a low mining preparation ratio, low loss and high efficiency and the extraction is safe.
Owner:CENT SOUTH UNIV +1

Goaf bag-type packing method

InactiveCN101701526AReduce bending and sinkingReduce the amount of delaminationMaterial fill-upEngineeringSlurry
The invention discloses a goaf bag-type packing method, comprising the following steps: suspending a plurality of flexible filling bags at intervals in a goaf from an open-off cut, arranging a plurality of individual props at the outer side of a plurality of flexible packing bags, then erecting a formwork supported by the individual props outside the flexible filling bags; filling high-water material seriflux containing more than 85% of moisture into the bags until the bags are full, and removing the framework and the individual props after the high-water material in the bags are consolidated to complete a row of filling cycle. With the propulsion of coal mining working face, the following row of filling work is carried out continuously, flexible filling bags are suspended next to the front row to perform bag suspension and filling circularly of the next cycle until the filling work of the whole goaf is finished. The invention can directly support the top plate of the goaf, thereby effectively reducing the submergence of the top plate and controlling ground surface movement. The bag-type packing method is particularly suitable for filling the goaf of an inclined mining working surface with smaller strike propulsion or coal seam pitch, and has the advantages of simple technology, easy construction, low cost, simple operation and high filling efficiency.
Owner:JIZHONG ENERGY HANDAN MINING GROUP +1

Paste combined filling method utilizing solid wastes of mine

The invention relates to a paste combined filling method utilizing solid wastes of a mine. The method comprises the following steps of: constructing a filling retaining wall at the inlet of an underground worked-out section, and filling waste stones in which target metal is not contained or the content of the target metal is less than a boundary level, wherein the lumpiness is 0 to 400 millimeters, the loose static angle is 40 to 45 degrees, and the filling volume rate of the waste stones is 10 to 45 percent; then mixing 6.25 to 21.25 weight percent of gelatinizing agent, 53.75 to 78.75 weight percent of filling aggregates and 15 to 25 weight percent of water into a stirrer so as to prepare a paste cement material with the weight concentration of 75 to 85 percent; and conveying the paste cement material to the worked-out section through pumping of a filling pipeline or self-flowing under the action of gravity along the filling pipe, wherein the paste cement material is penetrated into the gaps of the waste stones; and the solidified paste cement material and the waste stones form a combined filler. By the method, the utilization rate of beneficiation full tail sand, smelting water granulated slag and underground waste stones is up to 100 percent, so the tailings cannot enter the base, the waste stones cannot emerge from the groove and the smelting water granulated slag cannot be piled up; and the environment and safety problems due to stacking of the wastes on the earth surface are solved from the sources.
Owner:UNIV OF SCI & TECH BEIJING +1

Gob-side entry retaining reinforcing filling body structure and construction method thereof

InactiveCN101975085AAchieving Early Bearer FeaturesSimple structureMaterial fill-upGroutMechanical engineering
The invention relates to a gob-side entry retaining reinforcing filling body structure and a construction method thereof. The method comprises the following steps of: making a filling bag into an enclosed oblong-shaped structure and sewing a plurality of small bags at the top edge of the filling bag and at the same position on two side faces along the filling direction, wherein the top small bag is used for filling feedstock and exhausting and a cross anchor is inserted into small bags on the side face for reinforcing a filling body and protecting sides; sewing hooks with certain densities inthe top central area of the filling bag and four side face lines which are certain distances away from the top of the filling bag, hanging the hooks on a top plate or four sides of a filling space, molding the filling body by using a reinforcement mesh and taking the reinforcement mesh as a reinforcing filling body for the cross anchor; before filling, inserting the cross anchor into the small bags on the side face, binding the small bags with a steel wire, putting a tray in place and screwing a screw cap; and during filling, plumping the filling bag until the filling bag is close to the roofby using the grout outlet pressure of a filling pump and enhancing anchor anchorage force to a preset value after the filling body reaches certain intensity so as to further realize the filling and reinforcing of the filling body. The structure is simple and is convenient to construct.
Owner:CHINA UNIV OF MINING & TECH

Inclined separated layer solid filling coal mining method for super thick coal seam

ActiveCN103306720ASolve sinkingFree resourcesUnderground miningSurface miningSolid massEarth surface
The invention discloses an inclined separated layer solid filling coal mining method for a super thick coal seam, which is suitable for the exploitation of an 'under three' super thick coal seam. The method comprises the following steps: determining the number of inclined separated layers according to the principle that thickness of each separated layer is 2.5-4.5 m; adopting a exploitation sequence that mining layer by layer, and filling at a next row; arranging tunnels and equipment according to the conventional solid filling coal mining method; carrying out a circulating sequence that coal mining firstly, metal nets and bamboo fences paving secondly, and filling finally to complete the filling exploitation of a first mining surface and a first separated layer; meanwhile, mining according to the same filling coal mining method under the shield of a manual false roof formed by the first separated layer at the corresponding position of a second separated layer 4 months after a working face of the first separated layer finishes mining; circulating in the way that the exploitation of one separated layer is performed under the shield of a manual false roof manufactured by an upper separated layer continuously until the whole super thick coal seam is mined out. Through the adoption of the method, resources of the 'under three' super thick coal seam can be utilized, the rock formation movement and earth surface sinking can be effectively controlled; and the recovery ratio is high, the production efficiency is high, the cost is low, and the method has wide practicability in the field of thick coal seam filling exploitation.
Owner:CHINA UNIV OF MINING & TECH

Non-bottom pillar deep hole falling-back type mining method

The invention relates to a non-pillar deep-hole backing-type mining method. The method is suitable for that: the digging height is between 10 and 50 m; the length of a stope is between 40 and 80 m; the width of the stope is between 7 and 9 m; the dip angle of an ore body is between 68 and 90 degrees; the height of a bottom ore removal chamber is between 2.5 and 3.5 m; the height of an upper part rock drilling chamber is between 3.4 and 3.8 m; meanwhile, an explosive charge structure, an explosion initiating sequence, stope side lacing and top plate control are determined according to the conditions of the stope, and a remote-control scraper and a remote-control crushing trolley are jointly used to treat large ore materials for ore removal. The mining method has the advantages of small mining-cutting engineering quantity, simple mining-cutting process, high rock drilling efficiency, good blasting effect, safe and efficient ore removal process, can effectively improve the wide-spacing stoping safety for underground metal mines nationwide, can upgrade the mining technical level for the underground metal mines in China, can promote the development of nationwide underground metal mine mining technology, and can reduce the dilution rate and loss rate of nationwide underground metal mine spacing stoping stopes, so as to promote the maximal recycling of metal resources.
Owner:深圳市中金岭南有色金属股份有限公司凡口铅锌矿

Opencast coal mine end slope filling mining method

InactiveCN103758568AReduce wasteSolve the problem of reduced recovery rateMaterial fill-upOpen-pit miningMining engineeringCoal pillar
Provided is an opencast coal mine end slope filling mining method. The opencast coal mine end slope filling mining method includes the steps that a coal pillar reserved at an opencast coal mine end slope is divided into a plurality of stalls which are equal to an end slope coal mining machine roller in width; a stowboard is tunnelled to the position of an earth surface safety boundary line in the coal seam trend direction, and a stowboard is tunnelled in the coal seam inclination direction; an end slope coal mining machine is used for mining the stalls on the side of the stowboard in the coal seam inclination direction at intervals, after mining of the stalls is completed, the end slope coal mining machine is removed, mining openings in the sides of stall side slopes are sealed, and filling is performed on the stalls which are mined at intervals; then, mining is performed on stalls at intervals, the stalls are not mined, filling is performed on the mined stalls, and the steps are repeated until mining of all the stalls which are not mined is completed. According to the opencast coal mine end slope filling mining method, rock and soil discharged by an opencast coal mine can be effectively used, the discharge amount of the rock and soil of the opencast coal mine is reduced, the stripping ratio is lowered, mines end slope coal resources are mined in a maximization mode, meanwhile the side slope safety is guaranteed, and the efficient environment-friendly production process of the opencast coal mine is achieved.
Owner:CHINA UNIV OF MINING & TECH

Layered top-controlling filling mining method for residual ores in deep hole in diskless area

The invention discloses a layered top-controlling filling mining method for residual ores in a deep hole in a diskless area. An ore body is divided into ore room ore columns which are arranged at intervals along the travelling direction, and production is preformed by taking 6 to 8 ore room ore columns as a unit; a mountain outer oblique slope, a mountain outer sectional stulm, a sectional contact way and a mountain outer middle-section orepass form a mountain outer rail-free mining preparation system; after bursting and ore falling in medium and deep holes are performed in the ore room ore columns, a part of ores is shoveled out, and the other ores are temporarily left in a stope to form an ore pile of which the top is provided with a hollow top space with the diameter of 1.5 to 2m; a layer of mine body with the thickness of 2.0 to 2.5m is exploited from the ore pile, a 1/4 three-center arc top plate is formed by a control burst method, the out ores are pressed and exploited on the ore pile, and surrounding rocks are crushed on an anchoring rod or an anchoring net supporting and protecting top plate and a long anchoring rope supporting and protecting upper disc; the ores are taken out in a concentrating way after the top is protected, and cement and tailings are glued and filled to a 3.5-4m position; and the steps are repeated until ore blocks are completely stoped and the top is connected and filled. The method has the characteristics of safety, high efficiency, low barren loss, low cost and the like.
Owner:SANSHANDAO GOLD MINE SHANDONG GOLD MINING LAIZHOU +1

Upward cut-and-fill mining method for in-vein slope ramp of gentle dip thin vein

The invention discloses an upward cut-and-fill mining method for an in-vein slope ramp of a gentle dip thin vein. The method comprises the following steps: stoping layers of an ore body, tunneling a cross gateway from a bottom middle haulage drift to the ore body, tunneling a diagonal slope ramp along the vein to rise for certain height, and tunneling a slice drift, a reversing chamber and a sectional ore removal draw shaft forwards along the vein, wherein the reversing chamber and the sectional ore removal draw shaft are perpendicular to the slice drift; reversely tunneling the diagonal slope ramp along the vein from one side of the slice drift to rise for the certain height, and tunneling the slice drift, the reversing chamber and the sectional ore removal draw shaft along the vein; dividing a stope by using the diagonal slope ramp as the boundary, continuously propelling from one end of the vein to the other end of the vein, reaching all the layers of the ore body by virtue of the diagonal slope ramp which is tunneled in the vein, and sequentially stoping and filling from bottom to top by virtue of each layer stoping unit in the stope. The upward cut-and-fill mining method for the in-vein slope ramp of the gentle dip thin vein is high in mechanization degree, small in out-vein stope preparation engineering amount, low in labor intensity, low in ore dilution loss, safe to operate and high in efficiency.
Owner:河南发恩德矿业有限公司

Method for fully mechanized continuously-filling coal mining of steeply pitching coal seam

The invention provides a method for fully mechanized continuously-filling coal mining of steeply pitching coal seams, which comprises the following steps: a stoping face is arranged as per the method of long-wall mining along the strike, and fully mechanized mining equipment for the steeply pitching coal seam is adopted; an air cushion and a working face filling pipeline are arranged on a base on the side of a mined out space of rear pillars of a fully mechanized mining support; whenever the working face advances for every 1.4 to 1.8 meters and after the support is moved, the working face filling pipeline is connected with an upper gateway filling main pipeline; the air cushion is filled with air, and auxiliary separation is arranged; paste is conveyed to a filling pipe branch sequentially from low to high so as to ensure filling and compacting, and finally the paste is conveyed to a supplementary filling pipe of the upper gateway; after the paste is coagulated, a portion of air in the air cushion is released, and the working face advances forward continuously; the steps are repeated until the stopping work for the whole working face and the filling work for the mined out space are finished. The method provided by the invention is convenient to operate and simple to carry out, can improve the mechanization level for mining the steeply pitching coal seams under buildings, railways and water bodies, improves the output of the working face, efficiently reduces the roof subsidence and the ground deformation, and realizes coal mining without the pillars and achieves Y type ventilation.
Owner:HUNAN UNIV OF SCI & TECH

Method for extracting gas from separation layer below overlying strata, draining water and grouting through combined drill hole

The invention discloses a method for extracting gas from a separation layer below an overlying strata, draining water and grouting through a combined drill hole and belongs to a mine disaster prevention method. The method for extracting gas from the separation layer below the overlying strata, draining water and grouting through the combined drill hole includes that installing a drill site at a transportation roadway of a preparatory work face adjacent to a coalface, constructing the combined drill hole in the part about to generate the separation layer below the overlying strata above the gob of the coalface in a mode of keeping away from a caving zone, wherein the combined drill hole is composed of an inside gas extraction pipe and a water draining-grouting pipe; after the separation layer is generated, preventing the mine disaster according to the stages that firstly, draining water from the separation layer through the combined drill hole; secondly, after the gas is gathered in the separation layer after the water in the separation layer is emptied, using the primary combined drill hole to extract the gas from the separation layer; finally, after the water and gas are completely drained and extracted from the separation layer, filling cement paste to the separation layer through the primary combined drill hole. The method for extracting gas from the separation layer below the overlying strata, draining water and grouting through the combined drill hole is capable of solving the mine disasters of water bursting in mine, gas outburst (gas emission), rock burst, surface subsidence and the like through the combined drill hole, the separation layer water and gas extraction rate is high, and the grouting effect is good.
Owner:CHINA UNIV OF MINING & TECH

Boundary-controlled room column type sublevel open stoping subsequent stage filling mining method

The invention discloses a boundary-controlled room column type sublevel open stoping subsequent stage filling mining method which is used for slight pitch-steep pitch very thick and big ore bodies with firm surrounding rocks of upper plates and lower plates. The method is characterized by comprising the following steps of: dividing a plate area of the ore body, incessantly dividing three ore rooms and two ore columns in the plate area, performing step-like retrusive sublevel rock drilling stage ore removal from an upper plate to a lower plate of the ore body by adopting bottom structures of V-shaped trenches, and connecting sublevel fringe drifts through a service raise; during mining of the ore rooms, respectively tunneling rock drilling cross drifts on the two sides of a stope, controlling the boundary of the stope by adopting pre-splitting blasting in side holes, arranging ore removal routes in the ore columns for ore removal, leaving a first sublevel in the middle ore room without mining, and performing top tight filling by adopting cemented bodies with different mixture ratios; and during the mining of the ore columns, tunneling the rock drilling cross drift at the center of the stope, arranging bilateral ore removal routes in the reserved sublevel in the middle ore room for serving the two ore columns for ore removal, and performing the top tight filling on the ore columns by adopting non-cemented bodies. The method has the advantages of high safety, great production capacity, low operation cost and low loss and dilution rate of ores.
Owner:彭康
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