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2794results about "Carbon preparation/purification" patented technology

Methods of chemically derivatizing single-wall carbon nanotubes

This invention is directed to making chemical derivatives of carbon nanotubes and to uses for the derivatized nanotubes, including making arrays as a basis for synthesis of carbon fibers. In one embodiment, this invention also provides a method for preparing single wall carbon nanotubes having substituents attached to the side wall of the nanotube by reacting single wall carbon nanotubes with fluorine gas and recovering fluorine derivatized carbon nanotubes, then reacting fluorine derivatized carbon nanotubes with a nucleophile. Some of the fluorine substituents are replaced by nucleophilic substitution. If desired, the remaining fluorine can be completely or partially eliminated to produce single wall carbon nanotubes having substituents attached to the side wall of the nanotube. The substituents will, of course, be dependent on the nucleophile, and preferred nucleophiles include alkyl lithium species such as methyl lithium. Alternatively, fluorine may be fully or partially removed from fluorine derivatized carbon nanotubes by reacting the fluorine derivatized carbon nanotubes with various amounts of hydrazine, substituted hydrazine or alkyl amine. The present invention also provides seed materials for growth of single wall carbon nanotubes comprising a plurality of single wall carbon nanotubes or short tubular molecules having a catalyst precursor moiety covalently bound or physisorbed on the outer surface of the sidewall to provide the optimum metal cluster size under conditions that result in migration of the metal moiety to the tube end.

HCMS carbon capsule, electrocatalysts for fuel cell supported by HCMS carbon capsule, and method of preparing the same

The present invention provides a bimodal porous carbon capsule with a hollow core and a mesoporous shell structure, which can be employed as an electrocatalyst support for a fuel cell; electrocatalysts for the fuel cell using the bimodal porous carbon capsule, and a method of preparing the same. The electrocatalyst according to the present invention has higher catalysis activity as compared with the Pt—Ru or Pt catalyst supported by the conventional carbon black, so that the performance of the fuel cell is enhanced, and it can be easily prepared in an aqueous solution state. According to the present invention, the porous carbon support employed as the support for the catalyst has excellent conductivity and a high surface area, so that the loaded catalyst can be prepared with a smaller amount than that of the conventional carbon black. Further, metal particles having an extremely fine size of 2˜3 nm are uniformly distributed on the support, so that the area of an active site at which catalysis reaction is performed is increased, thereby increasing the catalyst activity with respect to the oxidation reaction of the fuel such as methanol, ethanol, hydrogen, etc. Also, a fine pore of a porous carbon support secures a fuel dispersing passage, so that the fuel including alcohol such as methanol, ethanol or the like, hydrogen, etc. can be easily transferred and dispersed, thereby efficiently performing its oxidation-reduction reaction. On the other hand, an air electrode can efficiently function as the catalyst due to the same principle.

Method for preparing biomass carbon by utilizing agricultural and forestry waste

The invention relates to a method for preparing biomass carbon by utilizing agricultural and forestry waste, belonging to the technical fields of preparation of carbon materials and utilization of biomass resources. The method comprises the following steps of: adopting agricultural and forestry waste as raw materials; under the condition of subcritical water, fully mixing dried biomass materials and deionized water according to the proportion of 1:(10-30); under the protection of inert atmosphere, carbonizing for 2-6 hours at the temperature of 220-250 DEG C; and then carrying out vacuum filtration and hot-water cleaning, and drying to obtain the biomass carbon. The biomass carbon prepared by the invention is coaly carbon material with an aromatic-ring structure, is high in carbon content and calorific value and large in specific surface area, and can be used as a soil conditioner or an absorbent. The method has the advantages that the materials are low in cost and easy to obtain, the process is simple, the operation is convenient, the manufacturing cost is low, the industrial promotion is convenient, and the application range and the application value of biomass resources are further expanded in the aspect of carbon materials.
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