The invention belongs to the technical field of batteries and particularly relates to a low-temperature zinc ion battery, comprising a cathode, an anode, and low-temperature electrolyte. The cathode is made from organics containing carbonyl functional groups, such as quinones, embedded compounds that may reversely dis-embed Zn2+, Li+ and Na+, or Prussian blue derivatives. The anode comprises a metal zinc sheet, zinc foil, zinc powder, a powdery porous zinc electrode, zinc alloy, or a zinc-based material applied to/deposited on another conductive substrate. The low-temperature electrolyte usesethyl acetate and its derivatives, or quinones or their derivatives as solvents, uses an organic zinc salt or inorganic zinc salt as a solute, and has a concentration of 0.01-10 mol/L. The low-temperature zinc ion battery may allow reversible charging and discharging through cathodic enolization and anode zinc dissolution/precipitation mechanism, and still has high specific capacity, high energy density, long cycle life and excellent power performance at the extreme low temperature (-70 DEG C).