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1528 results about "Inertial measurement unit" patented technology

An inertial measurement unit (IMU) is an electronic device that measures and reports a body's specific force, angular rate, and sometimes the orientation of the body, using a combination of accelerometers, gyroscopes, and sometimes magnetometers. IMUs are typically used to maneuver aircraft (an attitude and heading reference system), including unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), among many others, and spacecraft, including satellites and landers. Recent developments allow for the production of IMU-enabled GPS devices. An IMU allows a GPS receiver to work when GPS-signals are unavailable, such as in tunnels, inside buildings, or when electronic interference is present. A wireless IMU is known as a WIMU.

Real-time integrated vehicle positioning method and system with differential GPS

A real-time integrated vehicle positioning method and system with differential GPS can substantially solve the problems encountered in either the global positioning system-only or the inertial navigation system-only, such as loss of global positioning satellite signal, sensitivity to jamming and spoofing, and an inertial solution's drift over time. In the present invention, the velocity and acceleration from an inertial navigation processor of the integrated GPS/INS system are used to aid the code and carrier phase tracking of the global positioning system satellite signals, so as to enhance the performance of the global positioning and inertial integration system, even in heavy jamming and high dynamic environments. To improve the accuracy of the integrated GPS/INS navigation system, phase measurements are used and the idea of the differential GPS is employed. However, integer ambiguities have to be resolved for high accuracy positioning. Therefore, in the present invention a new on-the-fly ambiguity resolution technique is disclosed to resolve double difference integer ambiguities. The real-time fully-coupled GPS/IMU vehicle positioning system includes an IMU (inertial measurement unit), a GPS processor, and a data link which are connected to a central navigation processor to produce a navigation solution that is output to an I/O (input/output) interface.

Small four-rotor aircraft control system and method based on airborne sensor

The invention relates to the technical field of four-rotor aircrafts, in particular to a small four-rotor aircraft control system and method based on an airborne sensor. The small four-rotor aircraft control system based on the airborne sensor comprises an inertia measurement unit module, a microprocessor, an electronic speed controller, an ultrasonic sensor, an optical flow sensor, a camera, a wireless module and a DC brushless motor. By merging the information of a light and low-cost airborne sensor system, the six-DOF flight attitude of the aircraft is estimated in real time, and a closed-loop control strategy comprising inner-loop attitude control and outer-ring position control is designed. Under the environment without a GPS or an indoor positioning system, flight path control and aircraft formation control based on the leader followed strategy over the rotorcraft are achieved through the airborne sensor system and the microprocessor, wherein the flight path control comprises autonomous vertical take-off and landing, indoor accurate positioning, autonomous hovering and autonomous flight path point tracking. According to the small four-rotor aircraft control system and method, a reliable, accurate and low-cost control strategy is provided for achieving autonomous flight of the rotorcraft.

Navigating and steady aiming method of navigation / steady aiming integrated system

The invention relates to a navigating and stabilized sighting method of a navigation/stabilized sight all-in-one system, belonging to the inertial guidance field. The navigating method realizes stance and positioning on a load by an inertial measuring unit which is arranged on an electro-optical stabilized sighting platform. The method comprises the steps as follows: collecting the signal of the inertial measuring unit; fast and accurately initial aligning below the stabilized sighting platform; an inertial navigation algorithm based on vehicle-bone stabilized sighting platform; resolving heading attitude and analyzing the error thereof; analyzing the error of an inertial guidance system and an inertial part, modeling and compensating; and inertial guidance/milemeter/GPS multi-information fault-tolerance combined navigation. The navigation method overcomes the defects in the prior art that stabilized sighting and the navigation system can not work simultaneously and the all-in-one system can not provide full navigation information, can provide real-time, accurate and complete navigation heading attitude information and navigation positioning information for carriers (like a chariot), and can improve the battlefield viability and the comprehensive hosting ability.

Unmanned aerial vehicle bridge bottom surface crack detection method and system

The invention provides an unmanned aerial vehicle bridge bottom surface crack detection method and system. The unmanned aerial vehicle bridge bottom surface crack detection system comprises an unmanned aerial vehicle end and a ground workstation. The unmanned aerial vehicle end utilizes an airborne laser radar and an inertial measurement unit to position an unmanned aerial vehicle and form an unmanned aerial vehicle peripheral barrier point cloud to avoid barriers and plan a path; and an airborne platform camera photographs a bridge bottom surface at a constant frequency and stores a high-definition image into a memory. The ground workstation processes the photographed image, and splices an image between bridge piers to form a large-sized bridge bottom surface image; then the edge information in the image is acquired, the morphological corrosive expansion and connection are performed on the edge to extract a complete crack, and the crack is roughly positioned by virtue of a bridge pier position at which the spliced image is arranged; and finally the crack is evaluated, and information about the crack such as a length, a width, a distribution density and the like is analyzed and measured. The unmanned aerial vehicle bridge bottom surface crack detection method and system are high in automation degree, high in efficiency, high in safety coefficient, low in cost and wide in application prospect on the aspect of the bridge bottom surface route inspection.
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