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1888 results about "Vertical tube" patented technology

Uniform batch film deposition process and films so produced

A batch of wafer substrates is provided with each wafer substrate having a surface. Each surface is coated with a layer of material applied simultaneously to the surface of each of the batch of wafer substrates. The layer of material is applied to a thickness that varies less than four thickness percent across the surface and exclusive of an edge boundary and having a wafer-to-wafer thickness variation of less than three percent. The layer of material so applied is a silicon oxide, silicon nitride or silicon oxynitride with the layer of material being devoid of carbon and chlorine. Formation of silicon oxide or a silicon oxynitride requires the inclusion of a co-reactant. Silicon nitride is also formed with the inclusion of a nitrification co-reactant. A process for forming such a batch of wafer substrates involves feeding the precursor into a reactor containing a batch of wafer substrates and reacting the precursor at a wafer substrate temperature, total pressure, and precursor flow rate sufficient to create such a layer of material. The delivery of a precursor and co-reactant as needed through vertical tube injectors having multiple orifices with at least one orifice in registry with each of the batch of wafer substrates and exit slits within the reactor to create flow across the surface of each of the wafer substrates in the batch provides the within-wafer and wafer-to-wafer uniformity.

Guide device for production risers for petroleum production with a "dry tree semisubmersible" at large sea depths

A system for use in petroleum production at sea includes a guide frame for one or more riser pipes, on a semisubmersible production vessel. One or more main buoyancy member are arranged separately on at least one riser to carry the main part of the riser's weight. Each riser separately carries a Christmas tree on its top, near a main deck of the vessel. The guide frame comprises vertical main elements extending vertically downwards from the deck, through the splash zone and through the upper, more wave- and current-influenced zone of the sea. The guide frame also includes horizontal guide plates comprising vertically open cells formed of a horizontally arranged framework of beams. Lateral stabilization devices guide the risers' and the main buoyancy members' vertical movement relative to the vessel and restrict horizontal movement of the risers with respect to the guide frame. The guide plates are arranged in at least two levels on the guide frame. A lower guide plate is arranged at the lower ends of the vertical main elements', and a guide plate is arranged just below or near the splash zone. At least one main buoyancy member is held on the riser in level with, and guided by, lateral stabilization devices arranged in one or more guide plates below the upper, more wave- and current-influenced zone near the sea surface. The risers are without buoyancy elements through the splash zone, and thus are less exposed to the water forces in the upper zone of the sea.

Height adjustable riser for a sprinkler

An adjustable riser for adjusting the elevational position of an irrigation sprinkler with respect to the surrounding ground level and / or with respect to the height of surrounding vegetation to be irrigated. The riser includes a movable cartridge within an internal bore of a housing having a plurality of catches outwardly projecting from the exterior wall of the cartridge and adapted to resiliently snap into or out of notches carried on the inner wall surface of the bore movably supporting the cartridge. The sprinkler is carried on a tube for discharging water while the opposite end of the tube includes an impact plate against which water pressure from the supply impinges. Upon impact, the tube with the sprinkler is forced upward within a housing against expansion of a spring, which normally urges the tube and sprinkler into a storage position within the housing. A linear adjustment of the riser, including the sprinkler and its tube, is effective by incorporating the cartridge with the catches movable within a toothed groove formed in the inner wall of the riser housing. The groove includes spaced-apart spiral teeth which are selectively engageable by the catches of the cartridge. Each of the catches are resiliently mounted in the cartridge and are yieldably urged into the notches or grooves for selective engagement with the teeth thereof.

Suppressing vibration method for marine riser vortex-induced vibration and suppressing vibration apparatus thereof

The invention relates to a vibration inhibiting method and a vibration inhibiting device capable of effectively inhibiting vortex-induced vibration of a marine riser. The vibration inhibiting device is provided with the riser, an air guide sleeve on the riser, and a flow disturbing device which is fixed on the air guide sleeve, and is characterized in that the flow disturbing device is a flow disturbing rib which is formed by a plurality of end-to-end crescent-shaped flow disturbing ribs; and the flow disturbing rib is arranged on the outer surface of the air guide sleeve in the form of being winded by a spiral line, and the screw pitch of the flow distributing rib is 5 to 15 times of the outside diameter of the riser. The vibration inhibiting method comprises the following steps: firstly, the air guide sleeve which is enwrapped and fixed on the outer surface of the riser is prepared according to the outside diameter of the riser required to be protected; secondly, one flow disturbing rib or a plurality of flow disturbing ribs which are manufactured are fixed on the outer surface of the air guide sleeve in advance according to the screw pitch or the position of the spiral line which is predefined and marked on the outer surface of the air guide sleeve; and thirdly, the air guide sleeve provided with the flow disturbing rib is arranged on the outer surface of the riser. Therefore, the vibration inhibiting method and the vibration inhibiting device can effectively inhibit the vortex-induced vibration of the riser; the weight of the device can be reduced from 30 percent to 60 percent; and the construction cost can be greatly reduced.

Method for preparing functional fluorine-bearing monomer by vertical-tube type catalytic reaction

The invention discloses a preparation method of a functional fluorine-containing monomer. The method comprises the following steps of: uniformly mixing a perfluoro-linear chain or branched chain acyl fluoride compound, trifluoroethylene sulfuric ester and anhydrous hydrogen fluoride liquid in the mole ratio of 1:1:(1-20); passing from bottom to top through a vertical-tube type reactor which is filled with a catalyst; finishing addition reaction in a short time under the action of the high specific surface area catalyst inside the reactor; and setting apart a reaction liquid product from the upper part of the vertical-tube type reactor to form a product with a general formula in formula (I). In the invention, the functional fluorine-containing monomer can be prepared continuously and efficiently with easily operated reaction equipment, conveniently controlled reaction temperature and no use of any organic solvent, and a high-purity monomer can be obtained through simple rectification. The catalyst filling in the tubular reactor is one or a mixture of active carbon, macro-porousmolecular sieve and porous aluminum oxide. The reaction can be carried out continuously inside the reactor and satisfies industrialization requirements. CF2=CF-O-Rf(I).

Radical Assisted Batch Film Deposition

A process for radical assisted film deposition simultaneously on multiple wafer substrates is provided. The multiple wafer substrates are loaded into a reactor that is heated to a desired film deposition temperature. A stable species source of oxide or nitride counter ion is introduced into the reactor. An in situ radical generating reactant is also introduced into the reactor along with a cationic ion deposition source. The cationic ion deposition source is introduced for a time sufficient to deposit a cationic ion-oxide or a cationic ion-nitride film simultaneously on multiple wafer substrates. Deposition temperature is below a conventional chemical vapor deposition temperature absent the in situ radical generating reactant. A high degree of wafer-to-wafer uniformity among the multiple wafer substrates is obtained by introducing the reactants through elongated vertical tube injectors having vertically displaced orifices, injectors surrounded by a liner having vertically displaced exhaust ports to impart across flow of movement of reactants simultaneously across the multiple wafer substrates. With molecular oxygen as a stable species source of oxide, and hydrogen as the in situ radical generating reactant, oxide films of silicon are readily produced with a silicon-containing precursor introduced into the reactor.

Flexible wiggle pipeline robot

The invention relates to a flexibly peristaltic pipeline robot. Left and right hemispherical shells of the robot are fixedly provided with ring flanges inside, the ring flanges are provided with connected pipelines and are connected with honeycomb ducts; the end of the right hemispherical shell is provided with a vane wheel connected with a generator, the right hemispherical shell is connected with a cavity, the cavity is connected with the honeycomb ducts, a DC brushless motor and a flexible shaft with screw thread guide rail are arranged on the ring flange of the right hemispherical shell, the DC brushless motor is connected with a rotary baffle; the ring flange of the left hemispherical shell is provided with a receiving channel, the flexible shaft passes through the channel, the flexible shaft is provided with a dual-sided screw nut through screw threads, the nut is externally connected with a gear which is fixed on the ring flange of the left hemispherical shell and is connected with the DC brushless motor; two ring flanges are both sleeved with electromagnets. The pipeline robot has the advantages of fast moving speed in pipelines and low energy consumption and charge by own structure; the design of the flexible shaft can make the pipeline robot smoothly pass through pipelines such as elbows, taper pipes, vertical tubes and so on; the pipeline robot also has the advantages of low manufacturing costs, obvious effects and wide application prospects in aspects such as pipeline detection and maintain and so on.
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