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11339 results about "Input/output" patented technology

In computing, input/output or I/O (or, informally, io or IO) is the communication between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system. Inputs are the signals or data received by the system and outputs are the signals or data sent from it. The term can also be used as part of an action; to "perform I/O" is to perform an input or output operation.

High speed memory control and I/O processor system

An input/output processor for speeding the input/output and memory access operations for a processor is presented. The key idea of an input/output processor is to functionally divide input/output and memory access operations tasks into a compute intensive part that is handled by the processor and an I/O or memory intensive part that is then handled by the input/output processor. An input/output processor is designed by analyzing common input/output and memory access patterns and implementing methods tailored to efficiently handle those commonly occurring patterns. One technique that an input/output processor may use is to divide memory tasks into high frequency or high-availability components and low frequency or low-availability components. After dividing a memory task in such a manner, the input/output processor then uses high-speed memory (such as SRAM) to store the high frequency and high-availability components and a slower-speed memory (such as commodity DRAM) to store the low frequency and low-availability components. Another technique used by the input/output processor is to allocate memory in such a manner that all memory bank conflicts are eliminated. By eliminating any possible memory bank conflicts, the maximum random access performance of DRAM memory technology can be achieved.

Clustered file management for network resources

Methods for operating a network as a clustered file system is disclosed. The methods involve client load rebalancing, distributed Input and Output (I/O) and resource load rebalancing. Client load rebalancing refers to the ability of a client enabled with processes in accordance with the current invention to remap a path through a plurality of nodes to a resource. Distributed I/O refers to the methods on the network which provide concurrent input/output through a plurality of nodes to resources. Resource rebalancing includes remapping of pathways between nodes, e.g. servers, and resources, e.g. volumes/file systems. The network includes client nodes, server nodes and resources. Each of the resources couples to at least two of the server nodes. The method for operating comprising the acts of: redirecting an I/O request for a resource from a first server node coupled to the resource to a second server node coupled to the resource; and splitting the I/O request at the second server node into an access portion and a data transfer portion and passing the access portion to a corresponding administrative server node for the resource, and completing at the second server nodes subsequent to receipt of an access grant from the corresponding administrative server node a data transfer for the resource. In an alternate embodiment of the invention the methods may additionally include the acts of: detecting a change in an availability of the server nodes; and rebalancing the network by applying a load balancing function to the network to re-assign each of the available resources to a corresponding available administrative server node responsive to the detecting act.

Portable system for analyzing human gait

The invention is a portable gait analyzer comprising of at least one independent rear foot motion collection unit, at least one independent lower shank motion collection unit, plantar pressure collection unit, at least one processing and display unit, and a soft casing unit. A plurality of accelerometers, rate sensors, force sensor resistors, and pressure sensors provide for the acquisition of acceleration signals, angular velocity signals, foot force signals, and foot pressure signals to be processed. At least one central processing unit, a plurality of memory components, input/output components and ports, telemetry components, calibration components, liquid crystal displays components for the processing and outputting of three dimensional acceleration, angular velocity, tilt, and position. The rearfoot motion collection unit and lower shank motion collection unit interact with the processing and display unit to calculate rear foot kinematic data crucial to identify the motions of pronation and supination. The plantar pressure collection unit interacts with the processing and display unit to calculate plantar pressure data crucial to identify the center of pressure line and excessive and abnormal loads on the sole of the foot. These factors of rear-foot kinematics and plantar pressure lead to gait style identification.

Chip interconnect wiring structure with low dielectric constant insulator and methods for fabricating the same

A method to achieve a very low effective dielectric constant in high performance back end of the line chip interconnect wiring and the resulting multilayer structure are disclosed. The process involves fabricating the multilayer interconnect wiring structure by methods and materials currently known in the state of the art of semiconductor processing; removing the intralevel dielectric between the adjacent metal features by a suitable etching process; applying a thin passivation coating over the exposed etched structure; annealing the etched structure to remove plasma damage; laminating an insulating cover layer to the top surface of the passivated metal features; optionally depositing an insulating environmental barrier layer on top of the cover layer; etching vias in the environmental barrier layer, cover layer and the thin passivation layer for terminal pad contacts; and completing the device by fabricating terminal input/output pads. The method obviates issues such as processability and thermal stability associated with low dielectric constant materials by avoiding their use. Since air, which has the lowest dielectric constant, is used as the intralevel dielectric the structure created by this method would possess a very low capacitance and hence fast propagation speeds. Such structure is ideally suitable for high density interconnects required in high performance microelectronic device chips.

Secure integrated device with secure, dynamically-selectable capabilities

A method, system, computer program product, and method of doing business by providing a secure integrated device (such as a pervasive computing device) for which operating capabilities can be dynamically yet securely selected (including, but not limited to, pluggable connection of input/output devices and/or application processors that provide selected functions). Each input/output (I/O) device and application processor to be used is plugged in to a bus of a security core, and authenticates itself to the security core using public key infrastructure techniques, thereby creating a secure multi-function device. All of the multi-function device's input and output interactions with its environment necessarily traverse an I/O bus under the sole control of the security core. The only communication path between an application processor and the external environment (such as an I/O device) is through an application processor bus, which is likewise under control of the security core. Thus a user may dynamically yet securely select the capabilities of a multi-function device, and because each I/O device and application processor in use by that multi-function device is authenticated, the security of transactions or network services performed when using such devices is improved.

Microfluidic devices having a reduced number of input and output connections

A system and method for reducing the number of input/output connections required to connect a microfluidic substrate to an external controller for controlling the substrate. In one example, a microfluidic processing device is fabricated on a substrate having a plurality of N independently controllable components, (e.g., a resistive heating elements) each having at least two terminals. The substrate includes a plurality of input/output contacts for connecting the substrate to an external controller, and a plurality of leads for connecting the contacts to the terminals of the components. The leads are arranged to allow the external controller to supply control signals to the terminals of the components via the contacts using substantially fewer contacts than the total number of component terminals. For example, in one embodiment, each lead connects a corresponding contact to a plurality of terminals to allow the controller to supply to signals to the terminals without requiring a separate contact for each terminal. However, to assure that the components can each be controlled independently of the others, the leads are also arranged so that each component's terminals are connected to a unique combination of contacts. Thus, the external controller can activate a selected component by supplying control signals to the combination of contacts uniquely associated with that component.

Circumferential medical closure device and method

ActiveUS20050182445A1Reduce and eliminate formationSuture equipmentsStaplesWater irrigationSeroma
A flexible medical closure screen device for a separation of first and second tissue portions is provided, which includes a mesh screen comprising tubular vertical risers, vertical strands with barbed filaments, and horizontal spacers connecting the risers and strands in a grid-like configuration. An optional perimeter member partly surrounds the screen and can comprise a perimeter tube fluidically coupled with the vertical risers to form a tubing assembly. Various input/output devices can optionally be connected to the perimeter tube ends for irrigating and/or draining the separation according to methodologies of the present invention. Separation closure, irrigation and drainage methodologies are disclosed utilizing various combinations of closure screens, tubing, sutures, fluid transfer elements and gradient force sources. The use of mechanical forces associated with barbed strands for repositionably securing separated tissues together is disclosed. The use of same for eliminating or reducing the formation of subcutaneous voids or pockets, which can potentially form hematoma and seroma effects, is also disclosed. Alternative embodiments of the invention have circumferential configurations for approximating and closing separated tissue portions such as tendons, nerves and blood vessels. Tissue closure methods include the steps of circumferentially applying a screen to separated tissue portions and penetrating the tissue portions with prongs.
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