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48185 results about "Analytical chemistry" patented technology

Analytical chemistry studies and uses instruments and methods used to separate, identify, and quantify matter. In practice, separation, identification or quantification may constitute the entire analysis or be combined with another method. Separation isolates analytes. Qualitative analysis identifies analytes, while quantitative analysis determines the numerical amount or concentration.

Plasma reactor apparatus with multiple gas injection zones having time-changing separate configurable gas compositions for each zone

A plasma reactor for processing a workpiece such as a semiconductor wafer has a housing defining a process chamber, a workpiece support configured to support a workpiece within the chamber during processing and comprising a plasma bias power electrode. The reactor further includes plural gas sources containing different gas species, plural process gas inlets and an array of valves capable of coupling any of said plural gas sources to any of said plural process gas inlets. The reactor also includes a controller governing said array of valves and is programmed to change the flow rates of gases through said inlets over time. A ceiling plasma source power electrode of the reactor has plural gas injection zones coupled to the respective process gas inlets. In a preferred embodiment, the plural gas sources comprise supplies containing, respectively, fluorocarbon or fluorohydrocarbon species with respectively different ratios of carbon and fluorine chemistries. They further include an oxygen or nitrogen supply and a diluent gas supply. The controller is programmed to produce flow of different process gas species or mixtures thereof through different ones of said plural gas injection zones. The controller is further programmed to change over time the species content of the gases flowing through different ones of said plural gas injection zones.

Method of depositing Ru films having high density

A ruthenium film deposition method is disclosed. In one embodiment of the method, a first ruthenium film is deposited by using a PEALD process until a substrate is substantially entirely covered with the first ruthenium film. Then, a second ruthenium film is deposited on the first ruthenium film by using a thermal ALD process having a higher deposition speed than that of the PEALD process. In the method, a ruthenium metal film having a high density is formed in a short time by combining a PEALD process of depositing a ruthenium film at a low deposition speed and a deposition process of depositing a ruthenium film at a higher deposition speed. Accordingly, it is possible to form a ruthenium film having high density, a smooth surface, good adhesiveness, and a short incubation period. Therefore, according to the embodiment, in comparison to cases of using only a PEALD process or an ALD process that has a long incubation period, it is possible to obtain a ruthenium film having a large thickness and a high density in the same time interval. As a result, the ruthenium film formed by the ruthenium film deposition method according to the embodiment is more suitable for electrode structures of semiconductor devices than the ruthenium films formed by using conventional methods.
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