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6609 results about "Silicon nitride" patented technology

Silicon nitride is a chemical compound of the elements silicon and nitrogen. Si₃N₄ is the most thermodynamically stable of the silicon nitrides. Hence, Si₃N₄ is the most commercially important of the silicon nitrides and is generally understood as what is being referred to where the term "silicon nitride" is used. It is a white, high-melting-point solid that is relatively chemically inert, being attacked by dilute HF and hot H₂SO₄. It is very hard (8.5 on the mohs scale). It has a high thermal stability.

Thin films

Thin films are formed by formed by atomic layer deposition, whereby the composition of the film can be varied from monolayer to monolayer during cycles including alternating pulses of self-limiting chemistries. In the illustrated embodiments, varying amounts of impurity sources are introduced during the cyclical process. A graded gate dielectric is thereby provided, even for extremely thin layers. The gate dielectric as thin as 2 nm can be varied from pure silicon oxide to oxynitride to silicon nitride. Similarly, the gate dielectric can be varied from aluminum oxide to mixtures of aluminum oxide and a higher dielectric material (e.g., ZrO2) to pure high k material and back to aluminum oxide. In another embodiment, metal nitride (e.g., WN) is first formed as a barrier for lining dual damascene trenches and vias. During the alternating deposition process, copper can be introduced, e.g., in separate pulses, and the copper source pulses can gradually increase in frequency, forming a transition region, until pure copper is formed at the upper surface. Advantageously, graded compositions in these and a variety of other contexts help to avoid such problems as etch rate control, electromigration and non-ohmic electrical contact that can occur at sharp material interfaces. In some embodiments additional seed layers or additional transition layers are provided.

Method to plasma deposit on organic polymer dielectric film

A method for protecting an organic polymer underlayer during a plasma assisted process of depositing a subsequent film on the organic polymer underlayer is disclosed. The method provides the deposition of a protective continuous layer using organic polymer damage-free technique in order to not damage the organic polymer underlayer and to protect the organic polymer underlayer during the plasma assisted process of depositing a subsequent film. The organic polymer damage-free technique is a non-plasma process, using only thermal energy and chemical reactions to deposit the continuous layer. The organic polymer damage-free technique can also be a plasma assisted process using a reduced plasma power low enough in order to not damage the organic polymer underlayer. This method is applicable to many organic polymer underlayers such as organic polymer is aromatic hydrocarbon, polytetrafluoroehtylene (PTFE), parylene, benzocyclobutene-based polymers (BCB), polyimide, fluorinated polyimide, fluorocarbon-based polymers, poly(arylene ether)-based polymers (PAE), cyclohexanone-based polymers, and to many plasma assisted deposition processes such as plasma enhanced CVD deposition, plasma enhanced ALD deposition and plasma enhanced NLD deposition of silicon dioxide, silicon nitride, nitrided diffusion barrier such as TiN, TaN, WN, TiSiN, TaSiN, WSiN.

Method for etching a trench having rounded top and bottom corners in a silicon substrate

The present invention provides straight forward methods for plasma etching a trench having rounded top corners, or rounded bottom corners, or both in a silicon substrate. A first method for creating a rounded top corner on the etched silicon trench comprises etching both an overlying silicon oxide layer and an upper portion of the silicon substrate during a "break-through" step which immediately precedes the step in which the silicon trench is etched. The plasma feed gas for the break-through step comprises carbon and fluorine. In this method, the photoresist layer used to pattern the etch stack is preferably not removed prior to the break-through etching step. Subsequent to the break-through step, a trench is etched to a desired depth in the silicon substrate using a different plasma feed gas composition. A second method for creating a rounded top corner on the etched silicon trench comprises formation of a built-up extension on the sidewall of an overlying patterned silicon nitride hard mask during etch (break-through) of a silicon oxide adhesion layer which lies between the hard mask and a silicone substrate. The built-up extension upon the silicon nitride sidewall acts as a sacrificial masking material during etch of the silicon trench, delaying etching of the silicon at the outer edges of the top of the trench. This permits completion of trench etching with delayed etching of the top corner of the trench and provides a more gentle rounding (increased radius) at the top corners of the trench. During the etching of the silicon trench to its final dimensions, it is desirable to round the bottom corners of the finished silicon trench. We have discovered that a more rounded bottom trench corner is obtained using a two-step silicon etch process where the second step of the process is carried out at a higher process chamber pressure than the first step.
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