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2164 results about "Power quality" patented technology

Power quality determines the fitness of electric power to consumer devices. Synchronization of the voltage frequency and phase allows electrical systems to function in their intended manner without significant loss of performance or life. The term is used to describe electric power that drives an electrical load and the load's ability to function properly. Without the proper power, an electrical device may malfunction, fail prematurely or not operate at all. There are many ways in which electric power can be of poor quality and many more causes of such poor quality power. The electric power industry comprises electricity generation, electric power transmission and ultimately electric power distribution to an electricity meter located at the premises of the end user of the electric power. The electricity then moves through the wiring system of the end user until it reaches the load. The complexity of the system to move electric energy from the point of production to the point of consumption combined with variations in weather, generation, demand and other factors provide many opportunities for the quality of supply to be compromised.

Super capacitor energy storage type power quality compensator

The invention relates to a super capacitor energy storage type power quality compensator. A system structure comprises a compensation transformer, a series compensator, a parallel compensator, a super capacitor group, a current foldback circuit, a bidirectional DC/DC chopper circuit, a signal sampling circuit, a control circuit, a drive circuit, a human-computer interface and corresponding auxiliary circuits, which form a three-phase three-wire system topological structure. By utilizing the excellent characteristics of great power density, high charging and discharging speed and long cycle life of a super capacitor, the super capacitor energy storage type power quality compensator is matched with the DC/DC chopper circuit to form an energy storage control system which plays the roles of adjusting power and stabilizing the voltage of a direct current bus in work. The invention also has the functions of dynamic voltage recovery, active filter and reactive compensation and can ensure that a load can obtain rated sine voltage and the current of a grid is sine current with the same direction (unit power factor) with that of a voltage fundamental wave positive sequence active component, thereby comprehensively improving the quality of power. The invention has positive generalization and application value for both the public grid and users.

Advanced real-time grid monitoring system and method

This invention deals with an advanced Real-time Grid Monitoring System (RTGMS) suitable for both single-phase and three-phase electric power systems. This invention provides an essential signal processing block to be used as a part of complex systems either focused on supervising and diagnosing power systems or devoted to control power processors interacting with the grid. This invention is based on a new algorithm very suitable for real-time characterization of the grid variables under distorted and unbalanced grid conditions. The main characteristic of this invention is the usage of a frequency-locked loop, based on detecting the grid frequency, for synchronizing to the grid variables. It results in a very robust system response in relation to existing technique based on the phase-angle detection since grid frequency is much more stable variable than the grid voltage/current phase-angle, mainly during grid faults. Moreover, the algorithm supporting this invention is very efficient and can be implemented in regular industrial microprocessors. These features make the RTGMS object of this invention ideal to be applied in the control of distributed generation systems (DGS), flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS), power quality conditioners (PQC) and uninterruptible power supplies (UPS). In all these systems, the fast and precise real time detection of the voltage and/or current sequence components under grid fault conditions is a crucial matter.

Smart micro-grid system

The invention relates to a smart micro-grid system. The smart micro-grid system comprises a local control layer, a network communication layer, a master station layer and a software layer, wherein the local control layer is in communication with the master station layer through the network communication layer, and the master station layer is in communication with the software layer through an information interaction bus. The smart micro-grid system integrates photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, multiple types of energy storage systems multiple in capacity and modern power electronic, communication and control technologies. While high-reliability power supply is achieved, optimized allocation of renewable energy resources and high-reliability power supply to loads in a micro-grid are achieved; the interaction relation between the micro-grid and an external power grid is reflected correctly, and the effect of distributed energy on improvement of power supply reliability is fully shown; operation data of photovoltaic, wind power and energy storage systems and the micro-grid systems can be collected and stored, and the operation data are accumulated for researches on key technologies about micro-grids. The smart micro-grid system solves the problems that an existing micro-grid system is low in energy utilization ratio and poor in environmental benefit, electric energy quality and power supply reliability.

Wave energy and solar energy driven unmanned monitoring ship for marine environment

The invention discloses a wave energy and solar energy driven unmanned monitoring ship for a marine environment, which comprises a ship body and an unmanned control system, wherein the ship body has a shape of rigid inflatable boat; the unmanned control system comprises a ground remote control system and a ship-loaded system which are coupled with each other through a wireless data link; the ground remote control system comprises a remote control computer, a wireless network bridge and corresponding top-layer application software; the ground remote control system is used for receiving, analyzing and displaying a ground remote control command and data; a serial port of the remote control computer is connected to the wireless network bridge; and the ship-loaded system comprises a navigationcontrol subsystem, a communication subsystem, a navigation information sensing and collecting subsystem, a wave energy and solar energy power generating and supplying subsystem and a data collecting subsystem. No diesel motor is required in the wave energy and solar energy driven unmanned monitoring ship, a wave energy generating system and a solar energy generating device of the ship are directly used for supplying power, the quality of output electric energy is stable and the electromagnetic compatibility is excellent, thereby ensuring the normal work of ship-loaded equipment under a complex marine environment.

Electrical energy quality monitoring and evaluating system

InactiveCN101750561ARealize real-time monitoring functionTimely governanceSpectral/fourier analysisCurrent/voltage measurementPower qualityTransient state
The invention discloses an electrical energy quality monitoring and evaluating system, which comprises a plurality of electrical energy monitors, a communication network, a plurality of enterprise service platforms and a government service platform, wherein the enterprise electrical energy monitors are connected to the enterprise service platforms through the communication network, and the independent electrical energy monitors and the enterprise service platforms are connected with the government service platform through the communication network; the enterprise service platforms are used for receiving basic electric power parameters acquired by the enterprise electrical energy monitors at monitoring points inside the enterprises, displaying the change conditions of the electric power parameters of enterprise distribution networks, and transmitting data to the government service platform at certain time intervals; and the government service platform is used for receiving the electric power parameters of the enterprise distribution networks transmitted by the enterprise service platforms and the parameters transmitted by the independent electrical energy monitors at the monitoring points in the regional distribution networks, and performing energy consumption audit, transient and stable electrical energy quality analysis, electrical energy quality level evaluation, harm extent evaluation and evaluation of providing the corresponding electrical energy quality improvement scheme and electrical energy quality improvement effect.

Cooperative control method for participating in frequency modulation and pressure regulation of power system by wind storage cluster

The invention discloses a cooperative control method for participating in the frequency modulation and pressure regulation of a power system by a wind storage cluster. The method comprises the following steps: using the over-speed control and pitch angle control of a wind turbine generator to preserve a part of active power and reactive power for the wind storage cluster as the frequency modulation and pressure regulation standby power of the power system in accordance with the active power and reactive power capacity standby requirements given by the operation condition of a wind power plant, wind speed and the scheduling of the power system; determining the size of the active power and reactive power given by the wind storage cluster in accordance with the state of the wind storage cluster when the frequency or voltage of the power system is fluctuated; and finally, by reference to the capacity limitation of a wind turbine generator and stored energy, determining the final output condition of the wind turbine generator and the stored energy. According to the cooperative control method provided by the invention, the condition that the wind storage cluster participates in the system frequency and voltage regulation, and the stability and electric energy quality of the power system can be effectively improved by less energy storage capacity allocation in the power system with higher wind power permeability.

Virtual synchronous generator control method based on self-adapting moment inertia

The invention relates to a virtual synchronous generator control method based on self-adapting moment inertia. The output of a grid-connected inverter in distributed generation is connected with an AC bus of a filter capacitor Cf which is in parallel connection with the grid-connected inverter through a filter inductor Lf; sampling is performed to obtain the output power, the voltage and the current of an output interface of an inverter; the output power, the voltage and the current are transmitted to a VSG (virtual synchronous generator) algorithm; the calculated terminal voltage of a VSG stator is sent to be controlled by a voltage external loop; the voltage external loop adopts a PI controller to stably load the voltage; the current of the filter capacitor is sent to be controlled by a voltage internal loop; the voltage internal loop adopts a PI controller to increase the response speed; a control signal is outputted by a voltage-current dual-closed loop to the grid-connected inverter; the moment inertia in the virtual synchronous generator in the control method can be changed in a self-adapted manner according to the change capacity of the system frequency. Through the adoption of the virtual synchronous generator control method disclosed by the invention, the transient state process of the system is reduced; a great deal of harmonic waves in the system is offset; the stability of frequency and the stability of voltage can be improved; the adaptability and the power supply quality of a micro-electrical network are improved; the problem that in a conventional method, the output frequency is reduced, is solved.

Microgrid energy management system capable of realizing load management

The invention discloses a microgrid energy management system capable of realizing load management. The energy management system comprises a man-machine interaction module, a prediction module, a system analysis module, a dispatching and control module, and a system management module. The system performs collection and monitoring on information of the output power of a distributed power generation unit (including a wind turbine generator, a photovoltaic array and a diesel engine set), the charging-discharging states of a storage battery, the load power, the electric energy quality information of unit nodes, and the like, then carries out data analysis and processing under the condition of satisfying electrical characteristic constraint conditions of operating conditions and physical equipment, formulates a corresponding optimal control strategy according to the current microgrid operating condition and external application requests, coordinates and manages the operations of the distributed power supply, the load and other modules in the microgrid system, optimizes the energy flow and utilization of the microgrid system, outputs by using renewable resources, supplies electric energy capable of satisfying the required quality to user load at the lowest operating cost, and realizes the system optimization and dispatching.

Electric network data integrated collection method and apparatus

The invention discloses a comprehensive collection method and a device with three-state data of electrical parameters: steady state, fault recorder data and dynamic data, and the device is characterized in that the device consists of a high-precision time synchronization module, a synchronous sampling pulse module, an alternating current signal conditioning module, an A/D sampling module, a direct current signal conditioning module, a voltage frequency conversion module, a switch quantity signal conditioning module, a signal processing module, a recording module and a high-speed network communication module, etc. The method and the device have the advantages that: the use of the high-precision time synchronization module and the high-performance signal processing and the communication technologies can realize the synchronous collection of the three-state data of the electrical parameters, complete the functions of monitoring, fault recording, phase angle measurement and power quality analysis, etc., improve the data processing capability and the sampling precision, improve the real-time property of an automatic system of a substation, simplify the design, the manufacture and the operation of secondary equipment of the automatic system of the substation and greatly reduce the construction cost and the maintenance cost of the substation.

Energy storage bidirectional current converter for high-capacity storage battery

The invention discloses a design scheme of an energy storage bidirectional current converter for a high-capacity storage battery. The current converter utilizes a modularization design idea and supports the idea that a plurality of branch DC/DC modules are connected in parallel and then are connected to a DC bus bar. The problems of circulation and current sharing caused by serial and parallel connection of battery packs are solved. Energy collected by the DC bus bar is exchanged with the energy of a power grid or an independent load through a backward DC/AC current converter. Due to the adoption of a technology of time-sharing rotation and dynamic hibernation, the efficiency of a system under the low power and electric energy quality at the AC and DC sides can be effectively improved so as to realize balanced use of the battery packs. Each storage battery branch is subjected to automatic and intelligent charge and discharge management, a control function and a protection function are completely independently configurated, and the highest availability of the system is ensured. An experimental result shows that the energy storage bidirectional current converter for the high-capacity storage battery has good universality, practicality and application prospect.

Three-dimensional coordinated electric network energy managing system and method for controlling and evaluating electric network

The invention relates to a 3D-coordinated power grid energy management system and a power grid evaluation and control method, which belongs to the field of scheduling automation of power system. The system comprises a power grid model reconstruction sub-system, a power grid safety evaluation and alarm sub-system, an active frequency optimization control sub-system and a passive voltage optimization control sub-system, and a background calculation sub-system and a system foreground. The method comprises following steps: tracking isoline of an external power grid and automatically reconstructing a global power grid model; automatically executing online safety analysis integrated with static power grid, dynamic power grid, voltage stabilization, coordination of relay protection setting values, etc., and online recognizing the safety state of the power grid; alarming for normal unsafe condition, and carrying out prevention control; alarming for emergent conditions, and carrying out correction control calculation; and carrying out realtime active scheduling closed-loop control and passive voltage optimized closed-loop control under normal safety condition. The invention can achieve comprehensive and coordinated closed-loop control for the safety of the power grid, the economy and the electric energy quality.

Three-phase power signal processor

A Three-phase Power Signal Processor (TPSP) is disclosed for general three-phase power system applications. The TPSP is developed based on the concepts from adaptive filter and dynamical systems theories. The structure of the TPSP is unified as it provides a multiplicity of the signals and pieces of information without the need to change, modify, or enhance the structure or to impose excessive computational time or resource requirements. The presented TPSP receives a set of three-phase measured signals, which can be voltage, current, magnetic flux, etc, and provides (1) the instantaneous and steady-state symmetrical components, (2) the fundamental components, (3) the peak values (magnitudes) of the symmetrical components, (4) the frequency and its rate of change, (5) the synchronization signal(s) and zero-crossing instants, (6) the phase-angles of the symmetrical components, and (7) the disturbance signatures. Two or more TPSP units, when properly augmented, further provide (8) the individual harmonic components, (9) the inter-harmonics, (10) the instantaneous real and reactive current components, (11) the total harmonic distortion, dc-offset, and power factor. The TPSP can serve as the building block for various signal processing requirements encountered in the context of power system applications including power systems control, protection, monitoring, and power quality.

Electric energy quality synthesis evaluation system

The invention relates to a power quality comprehensive evaluation system in the technical field of the electric power application; in the invention, a power quality collecting module obtains all items of power quality indexes from an electric fence; a power quality index grading module divides the power quality indexes obtained from the power quality collecting module into setting grades according to national standard or international generally recognized requirements; a probability distribution matrix obtaining module obtains probability of the power quality in each grade, and then the probability of the power quality index in each grade is obtained for obtaining a probability distribution matrix; a weight vector obtaining module obtains weight vector of the power quality index; an evaluation quantized value obtaining module obtains the only quantized value of the power quality comprehensive evaluation according to the probability distribution matrix and the weight vectors of all the indexes; a power quality evaluation module compares the only quantized value with the evaluation system for obtaining power quality evaluation result. The system can really reflect the probability characteristics of the power quality indexes and can comprehensively and objectively carry out comprehensive evaluation to the power quality.

Photovoltaic grid-connected power generation online monitoring and status evaluation system

InactiveCN102279327AObjective weight coefficientExact weight factorElectrical testingPower qualityNew energy
The invention discloses an on-line monitoring and state evaluation system for photovoltaic grid-connected power generation. The system comprises an electric quantity collection unit, an input unit, an output unit, an ARM9 data management unit, a CPLD/FPGA interface conversion unit, a temperature and illumination measuring unit and a power supply unit. According to the invention, a multi-CPU whole embedded system that is composed of an ARM 9, an ARM7, a DSP is employed, so that reliability of a measurement control unit is substantially improved and expandability is high; an FFT is used as a basic electrical energy quality measuring algorithm, high precision sampling and synchronous transmission are utilized and real-time measurement on an environmental parameter is combined; and moreover, an inter-harmonics measuring algorithm and a harmonics source positioning and responsibility distribution method are put forward; consequently, on-line and real-time monitor on an electrical energy quality and an operation state of a photovoltaic grid-connected power station comprehensively and various stable state and transient events are recorded. Therefore, it is convenient for operation staff to visually monitor the operation state of the photovoltaic grid-connected power station as well as reliable data and sufficient basis are provided for analyzing causes of a disturbance and a fault, wherein the disturbance and the fault occur in the operation; and thus the invention of on-line monitoring and state evaluation system is an important basis for realization of new energy access of a power grid.

Smart grid-oriented power quality monitoring system and method

ActiveCN102053202AMeet monitoring requirementsMeet Coordinated MonitoringTransmission systemsElectrical testingData compressionPower quality
The invention provides a smart grid-oriented power quality monitoring system and a smart grid-oriented power quality monitoring method, which relate to the field of monitoring of power quality. The system comprises a distributed online/offline node detection module, a network communication module, a distributed database module and a comprehensive management module of the power quality monitoring system, wherein the distributed online/offline node detection module comprises a parallel analog-to-digital conversion module and a signal processing module so as to realize distributed detection of asmart grid. In the technical scheme provided by the invention, a plurality of analog-to-digital conversion chips are connected in parallel and an analog signal is sampled, so that high-accuracy sampling rate of signals is increased and the detection requirement on transient power quality signals is met; based on a programmable logic chip, online analysis and data compression are realized by a parallel signal processing algorithm; a distributed database is adopted, so that system reliability is enhanced and system upgrade is promoted; and a global positioning system (GPS) and a communication network module are adopted, so that a distributed network system is realized, and power quality monitoring of the smart gird is supported powerfully.

Power adjustment method for hybrid energy storage photovoltaic power station

The invention discloses a power adjustment method for a hybrid energy storage photovoltaic power station. In the operating process of the photovoltaic power station, voltage of a direct current bus of the photovoltaic power station and voltages of a super capacitor group and a lithium battery group which are connected with the direct current bus respectively through two bidirectional direct current/direct current (DC/DC) controllers are detected in real time, active power output of a photovoltaic power supply is detected in real time, and meanwhile power output values of the super capacitor group and the lithium battery group for fulfilling an electric energy quality adjustment and control aim of the photovoltaic power station or finishing a scheduling task are quickly calculated; and running states of the two bidirectional DC/DC controllers are controlled according to a calculation result, and thus a charging process and a discharging process of the super capacitor group and the lithium battery group can be controlled. By the method, the advantage of high energy density of a lithium battery and the advantages of long circulation service life and high power density of a super capacitor are given a full play, the problems of low electric energy quality and difficulty in participation in power grid scheduling which are caused by grid-connected running of the photovoltaic power station can be solved; and popularization and application of the photovoltaic power station are facilitated.
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