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2793 results about "Neuron" patented technology

A neuron, also known as a neurone (old British spelling) or nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that communicates with other cells via specialized connections called synapses. It is the main component of nervous tissue. All animals except sponges and placozoans have neurons, but other multicellular organisms such as plants do not.

Calculation apparatus and method for accelerator chip accelerating deep neural network algorithm

The invention provides a calculation apparatus and method for an accelerator chip accelerating a deep neural network algorithm. The apparatus comprises a vector addition processor module, a vector function value calculator module and a vector multiplier-adder module, wherein the vector addition processor module performs vector addition or subtraction and/or vectorized operation of a pooling layer algorithm in the deep neural network algorithm; the vector function value calculator module performs vectorized operation of a nonlinear value in the deep neural network algorithm; the vector multiplier-adder module performs vector multiplication and addition operations; the three modules execute programmable instructions and interact to calculate a neuron value and a network output result of a neural network and a synaptic weight variation representing the effect intensity of input layer neurons to output layer neurons; and an intermediate value storage region is arranged in each of the three modules and a main memory is subjected to reading and writing operations. Therefore, the intermediate value reading and writing frequencies of the main memory can be reduced, the energy consumption of the accelerator chip can be reduced, and the problems of data missing and replacement in a data processing process can be avoided.

Method and system for generating a cochlear implant program using multi-electrode stimulation to elicit the electrically-evoked compound action potential

InactiveUS7206640B1Increase amplitudeConvenient recordingHead electrodesEvoked compound action potentialConfocal
A multichannel cochlear implant system spatially spreads the excitation pattern in the target neural tissue by either: (1) rapid sequential stimulation of a small group of electrodes, or (2) simultaneously stimulating a small group of electrodes. Such multi-electrode stimulation stimulates a greater number of neurons in a synchronous manner, thereby increasing the amplitude of the extra-cellular voltage fluctuation and facilitating its recording. The electrical stimuli are applied simultaneously (or sequentially at a rapid rate) on selected small groups of electrodes while monitoring the evoked compound action potential (ECAP) on a nearby electrode. The presence of an observable ECAP not only validates operation of the implant device at a time when the patient may be unconscious or otherwise unable to provide subjective feedback, but also provides a way for the magnitude of the observed ECAP to be recorded as a function of the amplitude of the applied stimulus. From this data, a safe, efficacious and comfortable threshold level can be obtained which may be used thereafter as the initial setting of the stimulation parameters of the neurostimulation device, or to guide the setting of the stimulation parameters of the neurostimulation device.
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