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808results about How to "Reduce back pressure" patented technology

Method and apparatus to unload a failing heart

InactiveUS20070208210A1Lowering LVEDPPrevent of lung congestionElectrocardiographyHeart valvesValved conduitMedicine
A method and apparatus for treatment of heart failure by reducing LV diastolic volume and pressure by pumping blood out of the LV during diastole. A pump is synchronized to the heart cycle, connected to the apex of the LV and discharging into the right atrium of the heart. A left ventricle to aorta one-way valved conduit with added compliance decreases blood pressure in the aorta and the resistance to the ejection of blood by the heart decreases the energy requirements of the heart.

Exhaust sound and emission control systems

The exhaust sound and emission control system is a system for reducing sound and noxious emissions from an automotive exhaust. The system may have an exhaust resonator having one or more catalytic converter elements in combination therewith in a single device. Alternatively, the system may have multiple angularly disposed chambers therein, with a series of V-shaped baffles or guides in one of the chambers, thereby combining resonator and muffler functions in a single device. In another alternative, the system has a series of longitudinal tubes therein, in combination with a series of V-shaped guides or vanes, combining catalytic converter, muffler, and resonator functions in a single device. The various elements of the different embodiments, e.g. catalytic converter element(s), double wall shell, perforated tubes and multiple flow paths, interconnecting crossover tubes, etc., may be combined with one another as practicable.

Tissue collection device for catheter

Versatile tissue collection devices that can provide reduced crossing profiles, fluid pressure release, and / or easy cleaning or removal. In particular, devices having tissue collection devices with multiple configurations to facilitate navigation through narrow vessel cross-sections while also providing adequate tissue storage capacity. Additionally, the devices may include detachable components that allow easy removal, cleaning, and replacement during a procedure. Furthermore, venting elements and sections may be included to relieve fluid buildup in storage reservoirs.

Fuel cell and organic Rankine cycle combined power generating system based on LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) cold energy utilization

The invention discloses a fuel cell and organic Rankine cycle combined power generating system based on LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) cold energy utilization. The fuel cell and organic Rankine cycle combined power generating system comprises a solid oxide fuel cell and gas turbine combined cycle system, an organic Rankine cycle system and an LNG cold energy source, wherein un-reacted fuel in an SOFC (Solid Oxide Fuel Cell) and air combust in a rear combustion chamber to generate a high-temperature and high-pressure gas which enters the gas turbine for doing work and outputting electric energy; high-temperature exhaust gas in the gas turbine sequentially preheats the air, fuel and water; the organic Rankine cycle system is used for recycling low-temperature flue gas waste heat which is left after being used for preheating the air, the fuel and the water; the low-temperature flue gas waste heat is converted into electric energy for outputting, so that the cascade utilization of energy is realized; the LNG cold energy source as a cold source of organic Rankine cycle is used for condensing exhausted gas of an organic working medium turbine, so that back pressure of the organic working medium turbine is remarkably reduced and power output of the organic Rankine cycle is increased; and meanwhile, the cold energy of the LNG is recycled. According to the fuel cell and organic Rankine cycle combined power generating system disclosed by the invention, the conversion efficiency of energy source can be remarkably improved, the discharge of pollutants is reduced and the performances of the system are improved.

Virtual compressor operational parameter measurement and surge detection in a fuel cell system

ActiveUS20050164057A1Lowering system back pressureIncrease compressor speedFuel cell auxillariesFuel cellsDischarge pressure
A fuel cell system that employs surge prevention by electronically mapping the compressor for discharge pressure versus mass airflow. In one embodiment, the fuel cell system employs a mass flow meter that measures the airflow to the compressor. A controller receives a signal from the mass flow meter indicative of the flow rate of the charge airflow to the compressor, and determines the outlet pressure and temperature of the compressor from the compressor speed and the measured airflow. This gives the compressor map location at which the compressor is operating. In another embodiment, the fuel cell system employs a pressure sensor that measures the output pressure of the compressor, and provides a pressure signal to the controller. The controller determines the mass airflow to the compressor to determine the compressor map location.

System and method for production of reservoir fluids

An artificial lift system removes reservoir fluids from a wellbore. A gas lift system is disposed in a first tubing string anchored by a packer, and a downhole pump, or alternative plunger lift, may be positioned with a second tubing string. A dual string anchor may be disposed with the first tubing string to limit the movement of the second tubing string. The second tubing string may be removably attached with the dual string anchor with an on-off tool without disturbing the first tubing string. A one-way valve may also be used to allow reservoir fluids to flow into the first tubing string in one direction only. The second tubing string may be positioned within the first tubing string and the injected gas may travel down the annulus between the first and second tubing strings. A bi-flow connector may anchor the second string to the first string and allow reservoir liquids in the casing tubing annulus to pass through the connector to the downhole pump. Injected gas may be allowed to pass vertically through the bi-flow connector to lift liquids from below the downhole pump to above the downhole pump. The bi-flow connector prevents the downwardly injected gas from interfering with the reservoir fluids flowing through the bi-flow connector. In another embodiment, gas from the reservoir lifts reservoir liquids from below the downhole pump to above the downhole pump. A first tubing string may contain a downhole pumping system or alternative plunger lift above a packer assembly. A concentric tubing system below the packer may lift liquids using the gas from the reservoir.
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