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4861results about "Mushroom cultivation" patented technology

Automatic inoculation machine suitable for mushroom sticks

The invention relates to an automatic inoculation machine suitable for mushroom sticks. The inoculation machine comprises a machine frame. A mushroom stick conveying mechanism, a perforating device and an inoculation machine body are installed on the machine frame. The perforating device comprises a perforating power mechanism, a perforating rod, a perforating connecting plate and a positioning mechanism. The positions, at the rear sides of the perforating device and the inoculation machine body, of the machine frame are each provided with a mushroom stick or basket stopping mechanism. The inoculation machine body is installed at the position, at the rear side of the perforating device, of the machine frame and located above the mushroom stick conveying mechanism. The inoculation machine body is a solid strain inoculation machine or a liquid strain inoculation machine. The automatic inoculation machine is reasonable in structural design and capable of being suitable for inoculation of liquid strains and solid strains at the same time. Moreover, the automatic inoculation machine is reasonable in design, simple and ingenious in structure and high in inoculation efficiency. Besides, the automatic inoculation machine is especially suitable for inoculation of shiitake mushroom sticks and other edible mushroom sticks.

Production and application technology of symbiotic armillaria mellea artificial fungus stick for Gastrodia elata Bl.

The invention discloses a production and application technology of a symbiotic armillaria mellea artificial fungus stick for Gastrodia elata Bl., and belongs to the technical field of Chinese medicinal plant planting. The technology mainly comprises the following steps: (1) preparation of raw materials of an armillaria mellea artificial fungus stick, and mixing; (2) production of the armillaria mellea artificial fungus stick and sterilization; (3) inoculation of the sterilized armillaria mellea artificial fungus stick and cultivation; (4) field use of the cultivated armillaria mellea artificial fungus stick and Gastrodia elata Bl. planting. Compared with the conventional Gastrodia elata Bl. planting technology, the technology has the advantages that agricultural waste is adopted to produce the symbiotic armillaria mellea artificial fungus stick for Gastrodia elata Bl., industrialized production can be carried out, the operation step of culturing a fungus bed or fungus stick 6 to 8 months before Gastrodia elata Bl. planting in the conventional technology can be eliminated effectively, the traditional planting period is shortened, the inoculation rate and the Gastrodia elata Bl. yield after white-head Gastrodia elata Bl. permanent planting can be improved effectively, earlier-stage growth nutrition feeding can be guaranteed, the Gastrodia elata Bl. yield can be improved greatly, and the use of natural fungus materials can be replaced and greatly reduced, so as to reduce damage to natural woods of Gastrodia elata Bl. planting, and protect the ecological environment.

Industrial energy-saving and low-carbon method for cultivating cordyceps militaris

The invention belongs to the technical fields of agricultural technology and traditional Chinese medicines and provides technology for cultivating lucid ganoderma in the technical field of edible and medicinal fungi cultivating and processing. The invention aims to provide a method for cultivating cordyceps militaris through short-time sterilization under ultrahigh temperature to realize industrial energy-saving and low-carbon cultivation of cordyceps militaris. The technology is characterized in that under high temperature, the starch is gelatinized and the protein is denatured, and the gelatinized starch and the denatured protein are easily absorbed and utilized by cordyceps militaris, thus improving the production benefit. The technology has the following advantages: 1. heating up the raw materials rapidly, thus shortening the production time; 2. improving the production benefit; 3. realizing energy saving and low carbon since the package containers do not need to be heated up; 4. reducing the cost and realizing automatic production since cordyceps militaris is cultivated on the production line; and 5. realizing quality control in the whole process of processing cordyceps militaris and the active ingredients and laying the reliable foundation for the traditional Chinese medicine products to enter the international markets.

Production method for interplanting stropharia rugoso-annulata in orchard

The invention provides a production method for interplanting stropharia rugoso-annulata in an orchard. The method specifically comprises the steps of selecting soil to construct a cultivation field, wherein the soil is the orchard soil which is meta acid soil and fertile, rich in humus, sufficient in sun exposure, good in draining performance and brings an environment with 30% of sunlight and 70% of shallow; selecting fresh and dried rice straws without molding and rotting as a culture material; soaking the rice straws through lime water for 2 days before seeding; pre-piling to ferment at high temperature weather; spreading the pile to radiate heat; then putting into use for culturing; draining of pre-wetted materials in case of low temperature; pre-piling for 1 days until the materials are soft; transferring on a bed for culturing; the water content of the culture material is kept in 70 to 75%. With the adoption of the method, stropharia rugoso-annulata can be interplanted in the orchard; the method can be used as a main measure for treating the straws; the waste after planting can be directly returned to the field to improve the soil as well as increase the fertility; meanwhile, the land utilization rate can be increased; a good project for increasing both production and income is created for the village.

Method for cultivating bamboo fungi in forest land

The invention belongs to the technical field of bamboo fungi cultivating and particularly relates to a method for cultivating bamboo fungi in a forest land. The method for cultivating bamboo fungi in the forest land aims to achieve the purpose that bamboo fungi is suitable for being planted in the forest land through improvement on the aspects of land selection, material preparation, fermentation, cultivation, harvesting, drying, packaging and the like. The method has the following advantages that cultivation of bamboo fungi is conducted during the period of February to April, harvesting is conducted during the period of Jun to September which is the idle period of management of the forest land, and management of the forest land is not affected by planting of the bamboo fungi; the decomposition of litter in the forest land can be accelerated by planting the bamboo fungi, the fertility of the bamboo forest is improved, the soil is improved, and chemical fertilizer consumption for the bamboo forest is reduced effectively, and circular economy benefits are generated; the illumination, humidity, and air in the forest land are suitable for growth of the bamboo fungi, and the cost in putting up sheds in field planting can be saved; the cultivated bamboo fungi is closest to wide bamboo fungi on the aspects of taste and nutritional value.

Cultivation method imitating wild conditions for Gastrodia elata Bl. f. glauca S. Chow

The invention discloses a cultivation method imitating wild conditions for Gastrodia elata Bl. f. glauca S. Chow, relating to the technical field of planting of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, and comprising the following steps: (1) selection of tree species; (2) material preparation: a, Armillaria mellea: digging wild Armillaria mellea rhizomorph or stubs and roots overgrown with wild Armillaria mellea hyphae, chopping the stubs and roots into wood blocks as wild Armillaria mellea fungal wood blocks; (3) breeding; (4) preparation of fungal sticks; (5) culture of a fungal bed: a, material preparation: selecting the tree species in the step 1, cutting the tree species 20-30d in advance, drying the tree species in the sun to dehydrate the tree species for 30%; b, land selection; c, soil preparation; d, land preparation; e, pit digging; f, loading of the fungal bed; (6) seeding; (7) management: a, thinning, reseeding, bag removing, earth backing; b, ditch cleaning, draining, drought prevention, light adjusting; c, disease and insect damage prevention and control; and (8) excavation and nutrition supplementing. The method is executed in a vacant field in the forest for planting, adopts wild Armillaria mellea for accompanying planting, and provides the optimal growing environment for the Gastrodia elata Bl. f. glauca S. Chow through fine management, thereby providing a basis for high yield and high quality of Gastrodia elata Bl. f. glauca S. Chow.

Black termitomyces cultivation method

The invention provides a black termitomyces cultivation method aiming at solving the problems of the failure of batch cultivation and low yield of prior arts. The method comprises the preparations of parent strain, original strain and production strain, and artificial cultivation. According to the invention, a parent strain is prepared in a parent strain cultivation medium, and is inoculated into an original strain cultivation medium; a mature original strain is inoculated to a production strain cultivation medium; and artificial cultivation is carried out, such that the black termitomyces is obtained. A prominent characteristic of the method is that mycelium of the black termitomyces is combined with termites nest leachate. During a black termitomyces production process, besides conventional main materials of nutritional materials such as corn powder and soy-bean meal, the auxiliary materials are agricultural wastes such as sawdust, peanut shells, corn cobs, rice dregs, and the like which can be easily found in countrysides. Therefore, the black termitomyces cultivation method provided by the invention is simple and feasible, and has low production cost. With the method, mass artificial cultivation of black termitomyces is realized. Market demand on black termitomyces can be satisfied, and the influence of wild picking on the environment can be reduced.
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