The invention discloses a cultivation method imitating wild conditions for Gastrodia elata Bl. f. glauca S. Chow, relating to the technical field of planting of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, and comprising the following steps: (1) selection of tree species; (2) material preparation: a, Armillaria mellea: digging wild Armillaria mellea rhizomorph or stubs and roots overgrown with wild Armillaria mellea hyphae, chopping the stubs and roots into wood blocks as wild Armillaria mellea fungal wood blocks; (3) breeding; (4) preparation of fungal sticks; (5) culture of a fungal bed: a, material preparation: selecting the tree species in the step 1, cutting the tree species 20-30d in advance, drying the tree species in the sun to dehydrate the tree species for 30%; b, land selection; c, soil preparation; d, land preparation; e, pit digging; f, loading of the fungal bed; (6) seeding; (7) management: a, thinning, reseeding, bag removing, earth backing; b, ditch cleaning, draining, drought prevention, light adjusting; c, disease and insect damage prevention and control; and (8) excavation and nutrition supplementing. The method is executed in a vacant field in the forest for planting, adopts wild Armillaria mellea for accompanying planting, and provides the optimal growing environment for the Gastrodia elata Bl. f. glauca S. Chow through fine management, thereby providing a basis for high yield and high quality of Gastrodia elata Bl. f. glauca S. Chow.