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1913 results about "Frequency mixer" patented technology

In electronics, a mixer, or frequency mixer, is a nonlinear electrical circuit that creates new frequencies from two signals applied to it. In its most common application, two signals are applied to a mixer, and it produces new signals at the sum and difference of the original frequencies. Other frequency components may also be produced in a practical frequency mixer.

Satellite digital audio radio service tuner architecture for reception of satellite and terrestrial signals

A satellite digital audio radio receiver system and method. The inventive receiver includes a circuit for down-converting a first ensemble in a received combined signal in a first mode of operation and for down-converting a second ensemble from the received combined signal in a second mode of operation. The first ensemble includes a first signal received from a first transmitter, a second signal received from a second transmitter, and a third signal received from a third transmitter. The second ensemble includes a second signal from the first transmitter, a second signal from the second transmitter, and a second signal from the third transmitter. A controller is included to selectively switch the circuit from the first mode to the second mode. The first ensemble comprises first, second and third frequency slots and the second ensemble comprises fourth, fifth, and sixth frequency slots. In the illustrative embodiment, the first and second transmitters are mounted on first and second satellites and the third transmitter is a terrestrial repeater. Both ensembles are transmitted in accordance with the XM frequency plan. The first ensemble is down-converted using low side injection and the second ensemble down-converted using high side injection. The inventive circuit includes a synthesized frequency source. The circuit further includes a first intermediate frequency down-conversion stage with a first mixer for mixing the received combined signals with the output of synthesized frequency source. The circuit further includes first and second surface acoustic wave filters for separating the first and second signals received from the third signals. The inventive circuit further includes a second intermediate frequency down-conversion stage having second and third mixers for mixing the outputs of the first and second filters, respectively, with the output of a local oscillator.

Computationally efficent radar processing method and sytem for SAR and gmti on a slow moving platform

A method and system for processing radar data obtained from a platform which is subjected to non-uniform movement, the distance the platform travels during the formation of an image comprising an aperture; the system comprising software programming for performing a subroutine for building up an average pulse representing a single point on the aperture; the subroutine comprising the steps of inputting radar data from a radar antenna; passing the radar signal through low noise amplifier to reduce impact of electronic noise from the radar system; down converting the signal with a mixer to obtain a lower frequency; filtering out harmonics from the higher frequency range; sampling the radar data using an analog to digital converter at least at Nyquist down range frequency; based upon the IF of the radar; determining a scene center (center of SAR imagery) for the purpose of motion compensation; performing a two stage averaging scheme of the received signals with a variable window function; determining a window function based upon the velocity and acceleration of the platform and scene center; the window function comprising a first stage window; coherently averaging N pulses together to create an average pulse; performing an inverse Fourier transform; compensating to the scene center by multiplying by a complex exponential based upon both the GPS and inertial navigational system; summing the average pulses using low pass filter; the software programming operating to repeat the step of building up an average pulse a first predetermined number of times for a time period that is less than the Nyquist sample time interval; the software programming operating to repeat the step of building an average pulse for a predetermined number of times to generate a second predetermined number of average pulses; the software programming operating to perform a two dimensional inverse Fourier transform to obtain SAR image; outputting the SAR image on a display screen; and a display for displaying the outputted SAR image.

Semiconductor integrated communication circuit and operation method thereof

The semiconductor integrated communication circuit includes:
a low-noise amplifier; a receive mixer; a receive VCO; a demodulation-processing circuit; a modulation-processing circuit; a transmit mixer; a transmit VCO; a second-order-distortion-characteristic-calibration circuit; a quadrature-receive-signal-calibration circuit; and a test-signal generator. The test-signal generator generates first and second test signals using the transmit VCO. In the second-order-distortion-characteristic-calibration mode, the second-order-distortion-characteristic-calibration circuit variably changes an operation parameter of the receive mixer thereby to calibrate the second-order distortion characteristic to achieve its best condition while the first test signal is supplied to the receive mixer. In the quadrature-receive-signal-calibration mode, the quadrature-receive-signal-calibration circuit calibrates IQ mismatch of a quadrature receive signal to achieve the best condition thereof while the second test signal is supplied to the receive mixer. The integrated communication circuit can minimize the increase in chip footprint of a test-signal-generating circuit used to perform calibrations of both the second-order characteristic and IQ mismatch.

Distance measuring device

Problems The present invention relates to a distance measuring device that measures the distance between a single signal transmitting means and a single signal receiving means with high accuracy by the signal transmitting means transmitting radio frequency signals.
Means for Solving the Problems A distance measuring device is comprised of a signal transmitting means (101), a signal receiving means (102) and a signal processing means (103). The signal transmitting means transmits radio frequency signals, the components of which are a plurality of measuring signals in synchronization with an output reference signal of a reference oscillator (7). The signal receiving means (102) generates a first local oscillating signal in synchronization with an output reference signal of a reference oscillator (34), mixes the first local oscillating signal with a received signal, converts the mixed signal to first intermediate signals with at least a plurality of different frequencies, mixes the first intermediate signals corresponding to the measuring signals with a plurality of second local oscillating signals with at least different frequencies in synchronization with or orthogonal to an output signal of a second mixer (35), and converts the mixed signal to a plurality of second intermediate signals. The signal processing means (103) detects a phase difference of the second intermediate signals and measures the distance between the signal transmitting means (101) and the signal receiving means (102) with high accuracy.
Owner:RCS +1
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