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8147 results about "Time delays" patented technology

Time delay(Noun) A delay used to separate the occurrence of two events, especially in a mechanical or electronic device.

True time delay phase array radar using rotary clocks and electronic delay lines

Local oscillator circuitry for an antenna array is disclosed. The circuitry includes an array of rotary traveling wave oscillators which are arranged in a pattern over an area and coupled so as to make them coherent. This provides for a set of phase synchronous local oscillators distributed over a large area. The array also includes a plurality of phase shifters each of which is connected to one of the rotary oscillators to provide a phase shifted local oscillator for the array. The phase shifter optionally includes a cycle counter that is configured to count cycles of the rotary oscillator to which it is connected and control circuitry that is then operative to provide a shifted rotary oscillator output based on the count from the cycle counter. A system and method for operating a true-time delay phased array antenna system. The system includes a plurality of antenna element circuits for driving or receiving an rf signal from the elements of the array. Each element circuit has a transmit and a receive path and a local multiphase oscillator, such as a rotary traveling wave oscillator. Each path has an analog delay line for providing a true-time delay for the antenna element. Preferably, the analog delay line is a charge coupled device whose control nodes are connected to phases of the local multiphase oscillator to implement a delay that is an integer number local multiphase oscillator periods. A fractional delay is also included in the path by using a sample and hold circuit connected to a particular phase of the oscillator. By delaying each antenna element by a true time delay, broadband operation of the array is possible.

Ultrawide-band communication system and method

An impulse radio communications system using one or more subcarriers to communicate information from an impulse radio transmitter to an impulse radio receiver. The impulse radio communication system is an ultrawide-band time domain system. The use of subcarriers provides impulse radio transmissions added channelization, smoothing and fidelity. Subcarriers of different frequencies or waveforms can be used to add channelization of impulse radio signals. Thus, an impulse radio link can communicate many independent channels simultaneously by employing different subcarriers for each channel. The impulse radio uses modulated subcarrier(s) for time positioning a periodic timing signal or a coded timing signal. Alternatively, the coded timing signal can be summed or mixed with the modulated subcarrier(s) and the resultant signal is used to time modulate the periodic timing signal. Direct digital modulation of data is another form of subcarrier modulation for impulse radio signals. Direct digital modulation can be used alone to time modulate the periodic timing signal or the direct digitally modulated the periodic timing signal can be further modulated with one or more modulated subcarrier signals. Linearization of a time modulator permits the impulse radio transmitter and receiver to generate time delays having the necessary accuracy for impulse radio communications.

Flow rate measurement for industrial sensing applications using unsteady pressures

Flow rate measurement system includes two measurement regions 14,16 located an average axial distance .DELTA.X apart along the pipe 12, the first measurement region 14 having two unsteady pressure sensors 18,20, located a distance X.sub.1 apart, and the second measurement region 16, having two other unsteady pressure sensors 22,24, located a distance X.sub.2 apart, each capable of measuring the unsteady pressure in the pipe 12. Signals from each pair of pressure sensors 18,20 and 22,24 are differenced by summers 44,54, respectively, to form spatial wavelength filters 33,35, respectively. Each spatial filter 33,35 filters out acoustic pressure disturbances P.sub.acoustic and other long wavelength pressure disturbances in the pipe 12 and passes short-wavelength low-frequency vortical pressure disturbances P.sub.vortical associated with the vortical flow field 15. The spatial filters 33,35 provide signals P.sub.as1,P.sub.as2 to band pass filters 46,56 that filter out high frequency signals. The P.sub.vortical -dominated filtered signals P.sub.asf1,P.sub.asf2 from the two regions 14,16 are cross-correlated by Cross-Correlation Logic 50 to determine a time delay .tau. between the two sensing locations 14,16 which is divided into the distance .DELTA.X to obtain a convection velocity U.sub.c(t) that is related to an average flow rate of the fluid (i.e., one or more liquids and/or gases) flowing in the pipe 12. The invention may also be configured to detect the velocity of any desired inhomogeneous pressure field in the flow. The invention may also be combined with an instrument, an opto-electronic converter and a controller in an industrial process control system.

Synchronous processing method based on CMMB signals

The invention provides a synchronous processing method based on new CMMB (China Mobile Multimedia Broadcasting) synchronous signals. The CMMB synchronous signals comprise first training sequences and second training sequences; the first training sequences comprise CAZAC (Constant Amplitude Zero Auto Correlation) sequences, and the second training sequences comprise PN (Pseudo-Noise) sequences; in the synchronous processing method, the CAZAC sequences are utilized to achieve coarse symbol timing offset estimation and decimal frequency offset coarse estimation; the PN sequences are utilized to achieve the estimation of strongest path time delay in multipath, and the multipath is taken as coarse symbol timing positioning; the CAZAC sequences and the PN sequences are utilized to achieve the integer frequency offset estimation; the fast Fourier transform (FFT) is performed on the PN sequences to achieve the channel response estimation so as to estimate a first path time delay and achieve the fine symbol timing position estimation; and a maximum likelihood (ML) criterion is utilized to process the PN sequences in the second training sequences to obtain the decimal frequency offset fine estimation. The synchronous processing method can effectively improve the synchronous accuracy and can achieve better synchronization performance in the mobile communication environment with low signal-to-noise ratio.

Channel detection notification method, channel detection notification system and base stations

The invention provides a channel detection notification method, a channel detection notification system and base stations used when an LTE system works at an unauthorized frequency band. The channel detection notification method includes the steps that the primary cell base station receives RRM measuring results, reported by a terminal, of multiple base stations at the unauthorized frequency band; according to the RRM measuring results of the base stations, the secondary cell base station is selected for the terminal; if it is determined that downlink traffic reaches a set first traffic threshold value, the secondary cell base station is informed to conduct downlink channel detection; if it is determined that uplink traffic reaches a set second traffic threshold value, the secondary cell base station and/or the terminal are/is informed to conduct uplink channel detection. According to the channel detection notification method, channel detection work conducted when the LTE system works at the unauthorized frequency band is managed by the primary cell base station in a united mode, the time delay generated when the secondary cell base station and/or the terminal carry/carries out channel detection can be effectively shortened, accuracy at which channel detection time is judged can be improved, and the resource utilization rate is increased when the LTE system works at the unauthorized frequency band.

Capacitance-type built-in touch screen, driving method thereof and display device

The invention discloses a capacitance-type built-in touch screen, a driving method thereof and a display device. A touch induction electrode is arranged on a colorful film substrate; a whole-surface connection public electrode layer in a TFT (thin film transistor) array substrate is divided into strips to be used as touch driving electrodes; touch driving signal lines are arranged in a display area by a double-gate structure, thereby being favorable for the narrow frame design of the touch screen relative to that the touch driving signal lines are arranged in the non-display area of the touch screen; at least one touch driving signal line is electrically connected with one touch driving electrode; and multiple touch driving signal lines simultaneously provide a driving electric signal to one touch driving electrode so as to furthest improve the transmission efficiency of the driving electric signal and reduce the time delay of the driving electric signal. In addition, because the touch stage and the display stage adopt a time-sharing driving mode, a display driving chip and a touch driving chip can be integrated into a whole, and the production cost is lowered. According to the time-sharing driving, mutual interference between display and touch can be lowered, and the picture quality and the touch accuracy can be improved.
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