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17442 results about "Time delays" patented technology

Time delay(Noun) A delay used to separate the occurrence of two events, especially in a mechanical or electronic device.

Method and apparatus for re-ordering data packets in a network environment

The invention provides a method and apparatus for re-ordering data traffic units, such as IP data packets, that may have been miss-ordered during a transmission over a multi-pathway link between a source node and a destination node in a network. The re-ordering apparatus includes a storage medium for intercepting the IP data packets and holding the IP data packets to allow IP data packets delayed on slower pathways to catch-up. The IP data packets in the storage medium are re-ordered based on their sequence number in an attempt to restore the original order of the IP data packets. A maximal time delay variable determines how long a certain IP data packet can be held in the storage medium. The TP data packet is released prior to the maximal time delay variable or as the maximal time delay variable is exceeded.

Wireless audio-video doorbell monitoring system

The present invention pertains to a wireless audio-video doorbell monitoring system, wherein a portable monitoring device administrates a doorbell device and detective devices. After initiation, the monitoring device calls other nearby devices to form a wireless network via a wireless broadcasting way, and then the monitoring device administrates each device to perform the doorbell or detection function. Via the automatic setup and simple operating interface, the present invention enables a general family to be free from a complex operational procedure. In the present invention, the detective device can sense the image and sound of the monitored regions, which is sent to a display panel and a speaker of the monitoring device without a time lag. Accordingly, the present invention provides an instantaneously-displaying and easy-operated wireless audio-video doorbell monitoring system, which is easy installed, automatically set up, highly securing, able to reduce the power consumption efficiently and suitable for a general family usage.

True time delay phase array radar using rotary clocks and electronic delay lines

Local oscillator circuitry for an antenna array is disclosed. The circuitry includes an array of rotary traveling wave oscillators which are arranged in a pattern over an area and coupled so as to make them coherent. This provides for a set of phase synchronous local oscillators distributed over a large area. The array also includes a plurality of phase shifters each of which is connected to one of the rotary oscillators to provide a phase shifted local oscillator for the array. The phase shifter optionally includes a cycle counter that is configured to count cycles of the rotary oscillator to which it is connected and control circuitry that is then operative to provide a shifted rotary oscillator output based on the count from the cycle counter. A system and method for operating a true-time delay phased array antenna system. The system includes a plurality of antenna element circuits for driving or receiving an rf signal from the elements of the array. Each element circuit has a transmit and a receive path and a local multiphase oscillator, such as a rotary traveling wave oscillator. Each path has an analog delay line for providing a true-time delay for the antenna element. Preferably, the analog delay line is a charge coupled device whose control nodes are connected to phases of the local multiphase oscillator to implement a delay that is an integer number local multiphase oscillator periods. A fractional delay is also included in the path by using a sample and hold circuit connected to a particular phase of the oscillator. By delaying each antenna element by a true time delay, broadband operation of the array is possible.

Live media delivery over a packet-based computer network

In general, this disclosure describes techniques of determining a backset for client devices attempting to download data of a live transmission. A backset is an amount of temporal delay that the client devices are delayed by when viewing the live transmission. As described herein, a media content provider may determine a recommended backset for each client devices based characteristics of the client device. Each client device may then be backset by the determined value, or may calculate its own backset based on the recommended backset. Establishing a backset for each client device may avoid rebuffering of live transmission data.

Digital distributed antenna system

A digital distributed antenna system (DDAS) that regains the capability to perform simulcast to multiple simulcast groups while using a base station's direct digital output is provided. The User Plane data is adapted for simulcast and also for eliminating time delay ambiguities across multiple simulcast digital radios. In addition, the Control and Management Plane is aggregated across multiple remote units to allow a non-modified donor digital base station to control simulcast groups. The result is a low cost digital DAS that can efficiently distribute the capacity of a digital base station to solve coverage and capacity requirements in a manner similar to that now accomplished using a traditional base station with RF in / out.

Time division duplexed digital distributed antenna system

A Time Division Duplexed (TDD) digital distributed antenna system (DDAS) that performs simulcast distribution to multiple simulcast groups while using TDD time advanced burst to negate the data rate reducing effects of transport delays. The User Plane data is adapted for eliminating time delay ambiguities across multiple simulcast digital radios. In addition, the Control and Management Plane is aggregated across multiple remote units to allow a non-modified donor digital base station to control simulcast groups.

LTE and WLAN interconnecting system and switching method

InactiveCN101841880AMeet business quality requirementsReduce latencyWireless communicationTime delaysCoupling
The invention provides an LTE and WLAN interconnecting system and a switching method; and the system introduces the entity of a virtual base station under an LTE architecture, and accesses the entity into the interface of the LTE as WLAN. On the LTE side, the virtual base station remains transparent relative to the LTE side, and is provided with the functions of a general LTE base station. On the WLAN side, the virtual base station can control the WLAN access point. The switching between the LTE and the WLAN is realized through the virtual base station through a standard X2 interface. A second layer tunneling protocol or an Ethernet tunneling protocol is adopted between the virtual base station and the WLAN access point to realize the transmission and the receiving of data and signaling during the switching process, and the WLAN serves as the bottom layered transmission channel of the data and the signaling of an LTE system. The method has the advantage that for the LTE, the switching process is kept consistent with the LTE switching process, which has very small impact on the traditional LTE. The WLAN is connected with the LTE in a tight coupling way, thereby greatly meeting the business requirement requirements, reducing the time delay caused by system switching, and ensuring the system performance.

Location-assisted wireless communication

Techniques for location-assisted wireless communication use real-time location(s) of wireless transceiver(s) together with stored location-indexed channel information to improve communication over a wireless channel between the transceiver(s). The stored channel information includes channel characteristics (e.g., average power, angle-of-arrival, and time delay of multipath components) that are substantially constant in time but vary gradually as a function of location. Current transceiver location(s) are obtained and used to retrieve stored channel characteristics corresponding to the location(s). The channel information may be used at either or both transceiver(s) to improve reception and / or transmission of signals propagating over the wireless channel. For example, reception may be improved by using path angle information to perform spatially structured reception, or using path delay information to perform temporally structured reception, e.g., to assign fingers to multipath components in a RAKE receiver and / or to track time delays of multipath components.

Passive time domain reflectometer for HFC network

Detecting a linear impairment in a cable under test by using a random signal transmitted down the cable. The impairment causes a reflected signal to be combined with the random signal. The combined signal extends over a plurality of sub-bands. A method and apparatus perform the steps of: (a) receiving the combined signal from a test point upstream from the impairment; (b) tuning to each sub-band and receiving a part of the combined signal within each sub-band; (c) determining an autocorrelation function of each part of the combined signal of each sub-band, to produce a plurality of autocorrelation functions; (d) combining the autocorrelation functions to form a combined function; (e) detecting the reflected signal from the combined function; and (f) determining, from the combined function, a time delay associated with the reflected signal and the distance from the test point to the impairment.

System and method for distance measurement by inphase and quadrature signals in a radio system

A system and a method for distance measurement utilizes a radio system. The distance is measured by determining the time it takes a pulse train to travel from a first radio transceiver to a second radio transceiver and then from the second radio transceiver back to the first radio transceiver. The actual measurement is a two step process. In the first step, the distance is measured in coarse resolution, and in the second step, the distance is measured in fine resolution. A first pulse train is transmitted using a transmit time base from the first radio transceiver. The first pulse train is received at a second radio transceiver. The second radio transceiver synchronizes its time base with the first pulse train before transmitting a second pulse train back to the first radio transceiver, which then synchronizes a receive time base with the second pulse train. The time delay between the transmit time base and the receive time base can then be determined. The time delay indicates the total time of flight of the first and second pulse trains. The time delay comprises coarse and fine distance attributes. The coarse distance between the first and second radio transceivers is determined. The coarse distance represents the distance between the first and second radio transceivers in coarse resolution. An in phase (I) signal and a quadrature (Q) signal are produced from the time delay to determine the fine distance attribute. The fine distance indicates the distance between the first and second transceivers in fine resolution. The distance between the first and second radio transceivers is then determined from the coarse distance and the fine distance attributes.

Flow rate measurement for industrial sensing applications using unsteady pressures

Flow rate measurement system includes two measurement regions 14,16 located an average axial distance ΔX apart along the pipe 12, the first measurement region 14 having two unsteady pressure sensors 18,20, located a distance X1 apart, and the second measurement region 16, having two other unsteady pressure sensors 22,24, located a distance X2 apart, each capable of measuring the unsteady pressure in the pipe 12. Signals from each pair of pressure sensors 18,20 and 22,24 are differenced by summers 44,54, respectively, to form spatial wavelength filters 33,35, respectively. Each spatial filter 33,35 filters out acoustic pressure disturbances Pacoustic and other long wavelength pressure disturbances in the pipe 12 and passes short-wavelength low-frequency vortical pressure disturbances Pvortical associated with the vortical flow field 15. The spatial filters 33,35 provide signals Pas1,Pas2 to band pass filters 46,56 that filter out high frequency signals. The Pvortical -dominated filtered signals Pasf1,Pasf2 from the two regions 14,16 are cross-correlated by Cross-Correlation Logic 50 to determine a time delay τ between the two sensing locations 14,16 which is divided into the distance ΔX to obtain a convection velocity Uc(t) that is related to an average flow rate of the fluid (i.e., one or more liquids and / or gases) flowing in the pipe 12. The invention may also be configured to detect the velocity of any desired inhomogeneous pressure field in the flow. The invention may also be combined with an instrument, an opto-electronic converter and a controller in an industrial process control system.

Protection circuit for a boost power converter

A protection circuit for a boost power converter provides input under-voltage protection and output over-voltage and over-current protection. The protection circuit includes a control power MOSFET connected in series between the ground of the boost power converter and the ground of the load. The arrangement of the circuit makes it easy to drive the gate of an N-channel power MOSFET and is ideal for current-limiting control, which utilizes the Rds-on of the MOSFET as a current sensing element. Neither a specific gate-driver nor a current sensing resistor is required, and thus high efficiency can be achieved. Furthermore, the slow slew-rate at the gate of the MOSFET provides a soft-start to the load. The protection circuit includes a temperature compensation circuitry to offset the variation of the Rds-on. A time delay circuit prevents the switching elements and protection elements from overload damage.

System and method for handling gamification fraud

Some embodiments of the present invention include determining if updates performed by a second user include a systematic change such as a reversal of an update previously performed by a first user within a time window. The reversal is associated with a record of data used by a gamification application executing in a computer system. A time delay is introduced between the update performed by the second user and rewarding the second user if the update performed by the second user includes the reversal within the time window. An update history of the first user and the second user is evaluated to identify pattern of reversals associated with similar records within the time window. The second user is prevented from being rewarded based on identifying that there are patterns of reversals from the update history occurring within the time window.

Collaborative coexistence with dynamic prioritization of wireless devices

A collaboration scheme for wireless communications devices implemented on a single CMOS integrated circuit is described. By providing a dynamically updateable, multiple-priority protocol, more differentiation between traffic types is provided and response time (latency) is reduced by adjusting the priority allocations between the devices when an application on one device requires greater throughput.

Ultrawide-band communication system and method

An impulse radio communications system using one or more subcarriers to communicate information from an impulse radio transmitter to an impulse radio receiver. The impulse radio communication system is an ultrawide-band time domain system. The use of subcarriers provides impulse radio transmissions added channelization, smoothing and fidelity. Subcarriers of different frequencies or waveforms can be used to add channelization of impulse radio signals. Thus, an impulse radio link can communicate many independent channels simultaneously by employing different subcarriers for each channel. The impulse radio uses modulated subcarrier(s) for time positioning a periodic timing signal or a coded timing signal. Alternatively, the coded timing signal can be summed or mixed with the modulated subcarrier(s) and the resultant signal is used to time modulate the periodic timing signal. Direct digital modulation of data is another form of subcarrier modulation for impulse radio signals. Direct digital modulation can be used alone to time modulate the periodic timing signal or the direct digitally modulated the periodic timing signal can be further modulated with one or more modulated subcarrier signals. Linearization of a time modulator permits the impulse radio transmitter and receiver to generate time delays having the necessary accuracy for impulse radio communications.

Method and device of periodic CQI feedback under carrier polymerization

The invention discloses a method of periodic Channel Quality Indicator (CQI) feedback under carrier polymerization, comprising: according to a preset sequencing rule, a user end (UE) successively traverses all BP from partial bandwidth (BP) assembly in a downlink weighting carrier, and simultaneously feeds back a plurality of sub-band CQI by adopting a combined feedback method according to the optimum sub-band CQI in each traversed BP to build a CQI report to be fed back to a base station. The invention also discloses a device of periodic CQI feedback under carrier polymerization. The method and the device of periodic CQI feedback under carrier polymerization can reduce downlink schedule time delay during periodic CQI feedback and improve CQI feedback speed and efficiency. The invention also discloses a method for reducing schedule blockage during periodic CQI feedback under carrier polymerization, namely random processing is carried out on the priority level of each weighting carrierwhen UE feeds back the sub-band CQI.

Resonant converters and control methods thereof

Control methods for resonant converters offer improved performance in resonant converters that operate with a wide input-voltage range or a wide output-voltage range (or both) by substantially reducing the switching-frequency range. Reduction in the switching frequency range is achieved by controlling the output voltage with a combination of variable-frequency control and time-delay control. Variable-frequency control may be used to control the primary switches of an isolated resonant converter, while delay-time control may be used to control secondary-side rectifier switches provided in place of diode rectifiers. The secondary-side control may be implemented by sensing the secondary current or the primary current (or both) and by delaying the turning-off of the corresponding secondary switch with respect to the zero crossings in the secondary current or the primary current.
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