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4499 results about "Genetic engineering" patented technology

Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology. It is a set of technologies used to change the genetic makeup of cells, including the transfer of genes within and across species boundaries to produce improved or novel organisms. New DNA is obtained by either isolating and copying the genetic material of interest using recombinant DNA methods or by artificially synthesising the DNA. A construct is usually created and used to insert this DNA into the host organism. The first recombinant DNA molecule was made by Paul Berg in 1972 by combining DNA from the monkey virus SV40 with the lambda virus. As well as inserting genes, the process can be used to remove, or "knock out", genes. The new DNA can be inserted randomly, or targeted to a specific part of the genome.

Method for amplifying NK cells of human beings under condition of in vitro culture

The invention discloses a method for amplifying NK cells of human beings under the condition of in vitro culture, which is characterized in that a peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) is taken asthe original culturing material, and the PBMC is cultured together with an engineering cell which is built by adopting the genetic engineering method and is used for stimulating the growth of the NK cell. The built engineering cell which is used for stimulating the growth of the NK cell expresses several cytokines (IL-2, IL-12, IL-15, IL-18, 4-1BB) which can promote the growth of the NK cell on the surface of the K562 cell; after irradiation and inactivation with gamma-rays, the engineering cell is cultured with the PBMC in vitro, as a result, the amplification effect of the stimulation methodin the invention is hundreds of times stronger than that of the currently universal method in which soluble cytokines are added purely to the culture solution; and after cultured for 3 weeks, the non-NK cells in the PBMC are mainly dead and disappeared, the NK cells are proliferated in great quantity, the purity of the NK cells reaches over 96% and the total number of the NK cells is amplified byover 1500 times.

Delivery of therapeutic biologicals from implantable tissue matrices

Normal cells, such as fibroblasts or other tissue or organ cell types, are genetically engineered to express biologically active, therapeutic agents, such as proteins that are normally produced in small amounts, for example, MIS, or other members of the TGF-beta family Herceptin(TM), interferons, andanti-angiogenic factors. These cells are seeded into a matrix for implantation into the patient to be treated. Cells may also be engineered to include a lethal gene, so that implanted cells can be destroyed once treatment is completed. Cells can be implanted in a variety of different matrices. In a preferred embodiment, these matrices are implantable and biodegradable over a period of time equal to or less than the expected period of treatment, when cells engraft to form a functional tissue producing the desired biologically active agent. Implantation may be ectopic or in some cases orthotopic. Representative cell types include tissue specific cells, progenitor cells, and stem cells. Matrices can be formed of synthetic or natural materials, by chemical coupling at the time of implantation, using standard techniques for formation of fibrous matrices from polymeric fibers, and using micromachining or microfabrication techniques. These devices and strategies are used as delivery systems via standard or minimally invasive implantation techniques for any number of parenterally deliverable recombinant proteins, particularly those that are difficult to produce in large amounts and/or active forms using conventional methods of purification, for the treatment of a variety of conditions that produce abnormal growth, including treatment of malignant and benign neoplasias, vascular malformations (hemangiomas), inflammatory conditions, keloid formation, abdominal or plural adhesions, endometriosis, congenital or endocrine abnormalities, and other conditions that can produce abnormal growth such as infection. Efficacy of treatment with the therapeutic biologicals is detected by determining specific criteria, for example, cessation of cell proliferation, regression of abnormal tissue, or cell death, or expression of genes or proteins reflecting the above.

Water-replenishing repairing cosmetic as well as preparation method and application thereof

The invention discloses a water-replenishing repairing cosmetic as well as a preparation method and application thereof. In the invention, a skin water-replenishing repairing cosmetic with an excellent effect is prepared by combining traditional cosmetic effective raw materials with genetic engineering product biotic factors and adopting a vacuum freeze-drying technique. The cosmetic disclosed bythe invention comprises water-replenishing repairing freeze-dried powder and water-replenishing repairing base liquid, wherein the freeze-dried powder comprises the following main components: grape seed extract, hydrolyzed red alga extract, low-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid, hydrolyzed collagen, recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor, recombinant human epidermal cell growth factor and micromolecular heparin sodium; and the base liquid comprises the following main components: hyaluronic acid (HA) with molecular weight of 1500000-2500000, methyl propanediol, honey extract, PCA (pyrrolidone carboxylic acid) sodium, dissolved proteinase, 1,2-hexylene glycol, oat beta-glucan, soybean isoflavone and the like. The water-replenishing repairing cosmetic disclosed by the invention can be used for daily skin nursing, can also be used through introduction by virtue of ultrasonic and other methods, and has the beautifying effects of replenishing skin water, repairing damaged cells caused by water deficiency and enhancing skin elasticity.

Antihuman transferrin acceptor human source antibody and uses thereof

The invention relates to an anti-human transferrin receptor human antibody and the application, which pertains to the field of molecular biology. The anti-human transferrin receptor human antibody has a single-chain antibody (scFv) amino acid sequence which is shown in a sequence table SEQ ID No.1. The anti-human transferrin receptor human antibody and the application have the advantages that: the human antibody solves the problem of immunogenicity of the target antibody, thus allowing the human antibody to carry out the long-term repeated drug administrations in the human body; the method for screening a genetic engineering antibody in a large-capacity antibody library which is adopted by the invention is easier than the monoclonal antibody preparation, the large-scale production is easy, the molecule of the antibody is small, and the antibody can enter tissues deeply, thus having obvious advantages. A pET-22b (plus) vector which is adopted by the invention contains a stronger T7 promoter, which can ensure the higher expression level of the target antibody. The induced expression conditions after the optimization can ensure that the antibody is expressed in a soluble form and the activity of protein is higher. The 3' end of the pET-22b (plus) vector is provided with six His(histidine) labels, which can easily use the Ni-NTA agarose to carry out affinity chromatography and purification.
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