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3772 results about "Compression ratio" patented technology

In a combustion engine, the static compression ratio is calculated based on the relative volumes of the combustion chamber and the cylinder. It is a fundamental specification for combustion engines. The dynamic compression ratio is a more advanced calculation which also takes into account gasses entering and exiting the cylinder during the compression phase.

Enhanced data converters using compression and decompression

An enhancement that reduces the digital interface rate of analog-to-digital (A/D) and digital-to-analog (D/A) converters through the use of compression and decompression is described. The present invention improves A/D converters by compressing the sampled version of the A/D converter's analog input signal in real time, thereby significantly decreasing the required bit rate of the A/D converter's digital interface. Similarly, the present invention improves D/A converters by decreasing the required bit rate of the D/A converter's digital interface. D/A converters enhanced by the present invention include a decompressor that decompresses the D/A converter's compressed digital input in real time, prior to conversion to an analog output signal. The present invention's simplicity and its ability to be implemented using multiple compression and decompression elements allow its use in A/D and D/A converters with arbitrarily high sampling rates. By selecting a desired compression ratio during lossy compression, users of the present invention can precisely control the bit rate of the A/D and D/A converter's digital interface. Users of the present invention can dynamically choose the desired balance between the quality and the bit rate of A/D and D/A converters by adjusting various compression and decompression control parameters.

Compression store free-space management

InactiveUS7024512B1Avoid system abendsAvoid operating inefficienciesMemory architecture accessing/allocationData processing applicationsParallel computingImproved method
An improved method, system, and a computer program storage device (e.g., including software embodied on a magnetic, electrical, optical, or other storage device) for management of compressed main memory allocation and utilization which can avoid system abends or inefficient operation that would otherwise result. One feature reduces (and ultimately eliminates) all unessential processing as the amount of available storage decreases to a point low enough to threaten a system abend. In another example, the amount of current memory usage is determined as well as one or more of: an estimate of an amount of allocated but unused memory; a determination of the amount of memory required for outstanding I/O requests. The compressed memory is managed as a function of the current memory usage and one or more of the other measured or estimated quantities. The compressed memory can be managed by maintaining a set of dynamic thresholds; estimating the amount of storage that can easily be freed (used but available) and the amount of storage that is committed (allocated but unused). The estimate of committed storage can include: the current storage utilization; and an estimate of storage committed to new pages (based on the number of new pages granted), the times at which this was done, the estimated compression ratio, and estimates of residency times in the cache.

Method and apparatus for data compression of heart signals

An improved turning point system and method for performing data compression is disclosed. The system improves the conventional turning point compression method by selecting a predetermined number of the "best" turning points in the sample window including data samples X0 and XN. From this sample-window, ones of the data samples X1 through X(N-1) will be identified as turning points using a selected one of a disclosed set of turning point detection methods. In one embodiment, a turning point is identified by determining that the slopes in the lines interconnecting adjacent data points have different polarities. In an alternative embodiment, a data sample XM is considered a turning point if the slope of the line between the data samples XM and X(M+1) has a different polarity as compared to the slope of the last waveform segment that was encountered that did not have a slope of zero. According to one mechanism, amplitude thresholding is used to detect whether an identified turning point is likely the result of noise such that the turning point status of the data sample should be disregarded. After data samples are identified as turning points, ones of the identified turning points are identified as the "best" turning points to be selected for retention. The best turning points may be identified by determining which waveform segment included within a sample window has the largest change of amplitude. An alternative embodiment detects which of the turning points has the greatest signal amplitude compared to a reference value. Yet another embodiment selects as the best turning point that point having an amplitude that differs the most from the amplitude of the first data sample in the sample window. Still other embodiments retain the turning point having an amplitude which is more positive, or alternatively, more negative, than the other data samples. According to one aspect of the invention, the compression ratio varies based on the frequency of the input waveform. In another embodiment, position data is retained to indicate the relative position of retained data samples as compared to the position of other retained data samples. This position data may be calculated at a frequency that is less than the frequency of the sampled data.

System for digitally capturing and recording panoramic movies

The present invention provides a very flexible, digital system for capturing and storing panoramic images using progressive scan (that is, non interlaced) technology. The system includes a digital image input device and an associated control computer. Since the image capture device is digital it can be easily and flexibly controlled by software in the control computer. The image input device has six lenses positioned on the six faces of a cube. While the image input system can have other lens configurations, the use of six lenses in a cubic configuration is optimal for a system that is used to capture a spherical panorama. The six lenses simultaneously focuses different images on six CCDs (Charge Coupled Devices). The image input device also includes an embedded controller, and data compression circuitry. The embedded controller controls the exposure time of the CCDs (i.e. the effective aperture and effective shutter speed) and reads image data from the CCDs. The image data read from the CCDs is compressed, multiplexed, and sent to the control computer. The control computer stores the images in frames, each of which have one image from each of the six lenses. Each frame includes six images that were simultaneously recorded and any associated information, such as audio tracks, textual information, or environmental information such as GPS (Global Position System) data or artificial horizon data. The control computer includes a user interface which allows a user to specify control information such as frame rate, compression ratio, gain, etc. The control computer sends control information to the embedded controller which in turn controls the CCDs and the compression circuitry. The images can be sent from the control computer to a real time viewer so that a user can determine if the correct images are being captured. The images stored at the control computer are later seamed into panoramas and made into panoramic movies.

Image sensing apparatus and image processing method

An image sensing apparatus includes: an image sensing device for sensing light representing a subject image; a first component extractor for extracting a first component having a predetermined frequency out of a photographic image obtained by the image sensing device; a second component extractor for extracting a second component having a frequency higher than the frequency of the first component out of the photographic image; a compressor for compressing a dynamic range of the first component extracted by the first component extractor with a predetermined compression ratio; an image generator for generating an image based on a compressed first component obtained by compressing the dynamic range of the first component by the compressor, and the second component extracted by the second component extractor; and a compression correction coefficient calculator for calculating a compression correction coefficient used in compressing the first component, using the second component extracted by the second component extractor, wherein the compressor determines the compression ratio in such a manner that the larger compression correction coefficient increases the compression ratio based on the compression correction coefficient calculated by the compression correction coefficient calculator, and compresses the dynamic range of the first component based on the determined compression ratio.

Pixel driving circuit, driving method thereof, display panel and display device

ActiveCN105427803AImprove data-driven scopeStatic indicating devicesCapacitanceDisplay device
The invention provides a pixel driving circuit, a driving method thereof, a display panel and a display device. The pixel driving circuit comprises a driving transistor, a first storage capacitor, a second storage capacitor, a threshold compensating unit, a data write-in unit and a light emitting control unit. The threshold compensating unit makes the driving transistor be conducted in a threshold compensating period for realizing electric discharging to a resetting voltage line until the driving transistor is switched off. The data write-in unit makes data voltage be written into the gate of the driving transistor in each data write-in period. The light emitting control unit makes the driving transistor be conducted in a light emitting period for driving a light emitting element emit light. The total charge amount of the first storage capacitor is equal to the total charge amount of the second storage capacitor in the threshold compensation period and the data write-in period. The charge amount of the first storage capacitor in the data write-in period is equal to the charge amount of the first storage capacitor in a light emitting control period. The pixel driving circuit can realize different compression ratios of the data and enlarges data driving range of a driving integrated circuit.
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