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5091results about How to "Reduce cracking" patented technology

Contact smart cards having a document core, contactless smart cards including multi-layered structure, pet-based identification document, and methods of making same

The present invention relates to identification documents and smart cards. In one implementation, we provide a smart identification document including a document core. The document core is printed and laminated. The laminated core is milled to create a cavity. An integrated circuitry module is provided in the cavity. In one implementation, the cavity includes an upper cavity and a lower cavity. A laminate layer houses the upper cavity while the lower cavity extends into the document core. The upper cavity's aperture exceeds the aperture of the lower cavity resulting in a ledge in the laminate layer. A portion of the module may rest on the ledge, while another portion of the module may extend into the lower cavity. In another implementation, we provide a contactless smart card including a multi-layered structure. The structure includes a carrier layer including the smart card electronics. The carrier can be permeable (like a mesh or scrim) so that additional layers may be laminated into or through the carrier layer. A multi-layer structure provides a enhanced durability and helps protect the smart card electronics. In still another implementation, we provide a PET-based identification document. The PET-based document includes favorable durability and earth-friendly characteristics.

Ceramic material for 3D light curing formation printing and preparation method of ceramic element

The invention relates to a ceramic material for 3D light curing formation printing and a preparation method of a ceramic element. The ceramic material is prepared from 30 to 70 vol percent of ceramicpowder and 30 to 70 vol percent of photosensitive resin premixed liquid, wherein the photosensitive resin premixed liquid is prepared from 37 to 50 weight percent of oligomers, 30 to 60 weight percentof reactive diluents, 0.1 to 5 weight percent of photoinitiators, 1 to 5 weight percent of dispersing agents, 0.1 to 0.6 weight percent of ultraviolet blocking agents, 0 to 0.05 weight percent of polymerization inhibitors, 1 to 4 weight percent of anti-foaming agents, 0.5 to 2.35 weight percent of anti-settling agents and 0.3 to 3 weight percent of leveling agents. In the degreasing and sinteringpost-treatment work procedures, specific parameters are used, so that a sintering element can reach good sintering density and mechanical performance. By optimizing the composition and the proportionof light curing ceramic resin, and selecting the excellent dispersing agent combination and the reasonable consumption, the ceramic powder can be better dispersed in the resin; the problems that theexisting light curing ceramic resin has poor flowability and low formation precision, and that a finally prepared ceramic product can easily generate cracks or deformation, and the like are solved.

Bi-component cement based composite material for 3D printing as well as preparation method and application thereof

The invention discloses a bi-component cement based composite material for 3D (three dimensional) printing as well as a preparation method and application thereof. The bi-component cement based composite material for 3D printing comprises a component A and a component B, wherein the component A is prepared from 34 to 40 percent of sulphate aluminium cement, 0 to 6 percent of inorganic powder, 40 to 44 percent of tailing machine-made sand, 2.5 to 3 percent of high-molecular polymer and the balance of a retarder, a water reducer, a size stabilizer, a defoaming agent and water, the pumping performance can be well kept for a long time, an industrialized process of pre-stirring production in a mixing plant, transportation, and using in a construction site can be realized; the B component is prepared from a coagulate promoting agent, a thixotropic agent, a defoaming agent and water, the component is stable in form and can be stored for a long time or produced in a concentrated manner. After A and B are respectively pumped in a 3D printer, through high-speed stirring and being mixed by an extrusion head, the composite printing material can be extruded out, the time of coagulation is short, the strength is high, the adhesion is good, the stability is strong, the constructive continuity and building strength requirements of building 3D printing can be met, the industrial production and promotion of the cement based 3D printing material are facilitated, and the application of a 3D printing technology in buildings can be effectively promoted.
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