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2781 results about "Thermistor" patented technology

A thermistor is a type of resistor whose resistance is dependent on temperature, more so than in standard resistors. The word is a portmanteau of thermal and resistor. Thermistors are widely used as inrush current limiters, temperature sensors (negative temperature coefficient or NTC type typically), self-resetting overcurrent protectors, and self-regulating heating elements (positive temperature coefficient or PTC type typically).

Method and apparatus including altimeter and accelerometers for determining work performed by an individual

Method and calculations determine an individual's, or several individuals' simultaneous rates of oxygen consumption, maximum rates of oxygen consumption, heart rates, calorie expenditures, and METS (multiples of metabolic resting rate) in order to determine the amounts of work that is performed by the individual's body. A heart monitor measures the heart rate, and an accelerometer measures the acceleration of the body along one or more axes. An altimeter measures change in altitude, a glucose monitor measures glucose in tissue and blood, and thermometers, thermistors, or thermocouples measure body temperature. Data including body fat and blood pressure measurements are stored locally and transferred to a processor for calculation of the rate of physiological energy expenditure. Certain cardiovascular parameters are mathematically determined. Comparison of each axis response to the individual's moment can be used to identify the type of activity performed and the information may be used to accurately calculate total energy expenditure for each physical activity. Energy expenditure may be calculated by assigning a separate proportionality coefficient to each axis and tabulating the resulting filtered dynamic acceleration over time, or by comparison with previously predetermined expenditures for each activity type. A comparison of total energy expenditure from the current activity is compared with expenditure from a previous activity, or with a baseline expenditure rate to assess the level of current expenditure. A measure of the individual's cardio-vascular health may be obtained by monitoring the heart's responses to various types of activity and to total energy expended.

Optical element to reshape light with color and brightness uniformity

A light valve such as an active matrix LCD between crossed polarizers, utilizing, for instance, individual transistors to control each "pixel area" of the LCD and storage elements to store video signal data for each pixel, with optically shielded "dead spaces" between pixels to eliminate electric field cross-talk and non-information-bearing light bleed-through, is illuminated with a bright independent light source which creates a video image projected via specialized projection optics onto an internal or external screen without distortions, regardless of the angle of projection onto the screen. Use of heat sinks, IR reflective coatings, heat absorbing optics, optional fluid and a thermistor controlled pixel transistor bias voltage injection servo circuit stabilizes image performance, maintaining accurate color and contrast levels as the LCD changes temperature. In one embodiment of the invention, use of a multi-color LCD with a stepped cavity, producing different thicknesses of LCD for the different wavelengths that pass through it, allows a linear correspondence between the wavelengths passing through the LCD to produce true black, high contrast and CRT-like color rendition. A dichroic mirror arrangement is used to overlap differently colored pixels in the projected image. Use of striped mirrors duplicate pixels, where necessary, eliminating spaces between pixels, creating a continuous image with no apparent stripes or dots. A special venetian-blind type of screen is also disclosed and methods for using the system to view three-dimensional video are also explained.

Method and apparatus for detecting vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque

Methods and devices are disclosed for detecting vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque, or plaque at risk of reducing blood flow in a vessel, by identifying a region of elevated temperature along a living vessel wall. The disclosure that human atherosclerotic plaque with measurable temperature heterogeneity has the morphological characteristics of plaque that is likely to ulcerate provides a new and sensitive technique for detecting and treating these dangerous plaques before myocardial infarction and its consequences occur. The disclosed methods are advantageous over conventional plaque detection techniques because they are capable of differentiating between those plaques that are at great risk of rupture, fissure, or ulceration, and consequent thrombosis and occlusion of the artery, and those that are not presently at risk. Infrared heat-sensing catheters useful for identifying potentially fatal arterial plaques in patients with disease of the coronary or other arteries are also described. In some embodiments a coherent infrared fiber optic bundle is employed to radially and longitudinally explore a luminal wall to identify inflamed, heat-producing, atherosclerotic plaque. Certain other methods and devices are disclosed which are particularly suited for non-invasively identifying and then monitoring the progression or amelioration of an inflamed plaque in a patient, and for monitoring for onset of inflammation in an implanted arteriovenous graft. Also disclosed are thermocouple basket catheters and thermistor basket catheters which are also capable of detecting temperature heterogeneity along a vessel wall.

Temperature control device of an optical semiconductor device

A temperature control device of an optical semiconductor device is provided for keeping the optical semiconductor device constant. An optical semiconductor device is fixed to a thermal conductor. One thermistor is arranged on the thermal conductor at the portion where it is susceptible stronger to an ambient temperature rather than the optical semiconductor device is susceptible to the ambient temperature while another thermistor is arranged on the thermal conductor at the portion where it is susceptible weaker to the ambient temperature rather than the optical semiconductor device is susceptible to the ambient temperature. The difference between an average temperature of the thermal conductor at two points detected by the thermistors and a set temperature is detected by a temperature detecting means comprising a bridge circuit having the thermistors which are connected to each other so as to form opposing sides of the bridge circuit and a differential amplifier for receiving an imbalanced voltage of the bridge circuit. The thus detected difference of the temperature is outputted to a temperature control circuit, whereby the temperature control circuit controls a Peltier driving current of a Peltier element so that the average temperature of the thermal conductor at two points thereof and the set temperature become equal to each other.

Heated cycle grip

An electrically powered resistance heating handgrip is provided for a vehicle that employs an electrical storage battery. A control circuit to regulate the amount of power provided to the resistance elements in the grip is provided and preferably located within a hollow core that fits coaxially within the open end of a handlebar of a motorcycle or snowmobile, for example. The control circuit is mounted on a thin, narrow, elongated printed circuit board and includes a microprocessor that is programmed to contain a lookup table of temperatures. A thermistor is embedded in the casing of the handgrip proximate the heating element thereof. The thermistor provides feedback signals to the microprocessor which compares the temperature sensor feedback signals to a target temperature and provides or interrupts electrical power to the electrical heating element depending upon whether the temperature indicated by the thermistor is lower than the target temperature. The target temperature is established by a dial mounted in the butt end of the handgrip. The dial operates the wiper of a variable potentiometer to establish the target temperature. Heat is uniformly distributed throughout each handgrip by wrapping the heating element wire thereof about a thermally conductive sheet of aluminum, and encasing the wire within a temperature resistant dielectric sheathing, such as Teflon(R).

Integrated silicon chip for testing acceleration, pressure and temperature, and manufacturing method thereof

The invention relates to an integrated silicon chip for testing acceleration, pressure and temperature, and the manufacturing method thereof. The invention is characterized in manufacturing the pressure sensor, temperature sensor and accelerometers of thermoelectric pile on to one chip by the same micro processing technology. The acceleration is detected by adopting thermal convection type accelerometers, using polysilicon resistor as heater, using a thermoelectric pile composed of two pairs of metals (such as aluminium and tungsten-titanium) and P type or N type polysilicon to detect the temperature difference in the sealed cavity caused by acceleration. The high accurate absolute pressure sensor is manufactured by using silicon nitride film with low stress as the core structure layer of the pressure sensor chip, and forming force sensitive resistor track by polysilicon film, forming vacuum reference cavity by TEOS bolt in LPCVD furnace. At the same time, the temperature sensor is composed by using polysilicon thermistor to detect temperature change. The integrated chip achieves the advantages of microminiaturization, low cost, high precision, high reliability and high stability.

Method and system for calculating transient junction temperature of IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar Translator) module

The invention provides a method and a system for calculating the transient junction temperature of an IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar Translator) module. The method comprises the steps of: acquiring circuit state information, loss parameter and internal thermistor voltage drop information; calculating power module loss according to the circuit state information and the loss parameter, and calculating substrate temperature according to the internal thermistor voltage drop information of the module; according to the temperature information provided by internal chips and the internal thermistor of the module as reference temperature, in consideration with thermal coupling between the internal chips of the power module at the same time, establishing a simpler IGBT module thermistor network model, and calculating a junction temperature rise according to the power module loss and the thermistor network model; and calculating the transient junction temperature according to the substrate temperature and the junction temperature rise, thus realizing on-line acquisition of the transient working junction temperature of the IGBT. By sufficiently utilizing the existing thermistor resource inside the power module, a junction temperature measurement system based on a power module electro-thermal coupling model is established, so that accurate power device junction temperature information is provided for security operation and health management of a converter system.
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