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4373results about "Special form destructive distillation" patented technology

Industrial treatment method and industrial treatment device for oil field waste

The invention provides an industrial treatment method for oil field waste. The industrial treatment method for oil field waste comprises the following steps: carrying out sampling analysis on the oil field waste, preheating to 80-300 DEG C by using high-temperature steam or conduction oil, then carrying out microwave pyrolysis treatment, controlling pressure at minus 5000 to minus 100 Pa, thus obtaining solid treatment substances and gas, condensing, separating and purifying the gas, and finally recycling so as to obtain water, oil and non-condensable gas. An industrial treatment device for oil field waste comprises a feed hopper, a dryer, a microwave heating cavity, a microwave generator, a heating device and a condensation separation purification device, wherein the feed hopper is connected to the dryer which is connected to the microwave heating cavity, a steam or conduction oil outlet of the heating device is connected to a steam or conduction oil outlet of the dryer; gas outlets of the dryer and the microwave heating cavity are connected to the condensation separation purification device; the microwave generator is connected to the microwave heating cavity. The industrial treatment method and the industrial treatment device have good treatment effects, high utilization rate of energy sources and good economical efficiency.

Method and system for processing oil field wastes

The embodiment of the invention discloses a method and a system for processing oil field wastes. The method for processing the oil field wastes comprises the following steps: conveying initial materials to a heating cavity, and heating the heating cavity by using high-temperature flue gas, so as to obtain mixed steam and solid residues; carrying out condensation and separation on the mixed steam, so as to obtain oil, water and a noncondensable gas, wherein the oil and the noncondensable gas are used for combusting to obtain the high-temperature flue gas, and the solid residues are discharged out of the heating cavity. According to the method, the heating cavity is indirectly heated by using the high-temperature flue gas, so that the initial materials inside the heating cavity are subjected to thermal decomposition, solid residues free of oil, the noncondensable gas and oil are obtained from the mixed steam generated by thermal decomposition after a series of treatments, and then the noncondensable gas and oil are used for combusting to generate the high-temperature flue gas. Compared with the prior art, the method disclosed by the invention has the advantages that decomposition is carried out without adding a cracking agent, and thermal decomposition can be directly carried out on the oil field wastes in different regions, therefore, the method and the system are better in universality.

Continuous biomass low-temperature pyrolytic charring method and charring furnace thereof

InactiveCN102226092ARealize continuous carbonization productionImprove raw material adaptabilityDirect heating destructive distillationBiofuelsCombustion chamberRetention time
The invention discloses a continuous biomass low-temperature pyrolytic charring method and a charring furnace thereof, belonging to the fields of biomass charring and biomass energy source utilization. The furnace body of the charring furnace adopts a screw propelling feed mode, and the power is derived from the drive of a motor; an external heating cylinder is sheathed outside an internal heating cylinder of the furnace body, the internal cylinder and the external cylinder are spaced, and the internal flue inside the sleeve has a labyrinth path to ensure heat supply from hot flue gas to pyrolytic reaction to uniformly heat a biomass raw material; and during charring, the generated flue gas supplies heat to a reaction cylinder after combustion in a combustion chamber, and the hot flue gas enters a heat exchanger device to dry the raw material after flowing through the sleeve. Through screw propelling, the method disclosed by the invention realizes continuous low-temperature pyrolytic charring reaction, and realizes accuracy control of the retention time of the biomass inside the charring furnace; and the furnace body adopts a sleeve structure, which fully utilizes the afterheat of the charring flue gas, and the reaction cylinder adopts interior heating and outer wall heating together, which enhances the uniformity characteristic of the temperature inside the reaction cylinder and prolongs the service life of an auger shaft.

Method and system for capturing carbon dioxide from biomass pyrolysis process

A system and method for biomass pyrolysis utilizing chemical looping combustion of a produced char to capture carbon dioxide is disclosed. The system includes a biomass pyrolysis reactor, a char combustor, and oxidation reactor and a separator for separating carbon dioxide from flue gas produced by the char combustion. The pyrolysis reactor pyrolyzes biomass in the presence of reduced metal oxide sorbents producing char and pyrolysis oil vapor. The char is separated and combusted in the char combustor, in the presence of oxidized metal oxide sorbents, into a gaseous stream of carbon dioxide and water vapor. The carbon dioxide and water are separated so that a stream of carbon dioxide may be captured. The oxidation reactor oxidizes, in the presence of air, a portion of reduced metal oxide sorbents into oxidized metal oxide sorbents that are looped back to the char combustor to provide oxygen for combustion. A second portion of the reduced metal oxide sorbents is recycled from the char combustor to the pyrolysis reactor to provide heat to drive the pyrolysis. Pyrolysis oil upgrading catalyst particles may be used in addition to the metal oxide sorbents as heat energy carrier particles to improve the quality of the pyrolysis oil vapors produced in the pyrolysis reactor. Also, the metal oxide sorbents may have metals incorporated therein which serve to upgrade the pyrolysis vapors produced during pyrolysis. Non-limiting examples of such metals include Ni, Mo, Co, Cr, W, Rh, Ir, Re, and Ru.

Process for internally heated continuous preparing biomass pyrolysis gasification gas and rotary furnace utilized by same

The invention discloses a process for integrally heated continuous preparing biomass pyrolysis gasification gas and a rotary furnace utilized by the same. At a furnace tail cooling section, red charcoal at a temperature of 600-800 DEG C after pyrolyzing and destructive distilling reacts with steam generated by cooling spray water on the lower portion in the furnace so as to absorb large quantities of heat and simultaneously generate water gas and semi-water gas. Heat generated by burning recycled gas and air is used for maintaining pyrolysis temperature of biomass material layers and providesenough heat for further, pyrolysis, destructive distillation and steam decomposition reaction. By aid of the heat, biomass inside the furnace is pyrolyzed and destructively distilled to generate large quantities of volatile matters, and the biomass is gradually heated to decompose destructive gas with high heat value. The rotary furnace utilizes a three-section design: a first section is a furnace head preheating section, which is mainly used for preheating and drying raw materials, a second section is a rotary furnace body pyrolysis section, which is mainly used for pyrolysis and destructivedistillation and is a core operation portion of the furnace, and a third section is a furnace tail cooling section, which is mainly used for cooling charcoal. Prepared gas is high in heat value, and devices occupy small space.

Method performing microwave pyrolysis on garbage

The invention discloses a method for performing microwave pyrolysis on garbage. The method comprises the following steps of: 1) pretreating the garbage to obtain structured garbage which is suitable for microwave pyrolysis; 2) performing microwave pyrolysis on the garbage, namely introducing pyrolysis gas out of a pyrolysis gas outlet of a microwave pyrolysis device, continuously outputting pyrolysis solid products from a pyrolysis solid residue discharge port on the microwave pyrolysis device, sealing the rest parts of the microwave pyrolysis device except a garbage inlet, the pyrolysis solid residue discharge port and a pyrolysis gas outlet to prevent the pyrolysis gas from being leaked and preventing external air from entering the microwave pyrolysis device to ensure that the pyrolysis gas is used as protective gas for pyrolysis reaction; and 3) recovering pyrolysis products, namely treating according to the pyrolysis products. The method has the characteristics of rapidness and high efficiency, low energy consumption, low cost, high resource utilization rate, simplicity in operation, high garbage volume reduction rate, capacity of obviously reducing damage of garbage to environment and the like; and by the method, innocent treatment of the garbage can be realized really.
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