355results about How to "Reduce effect" patented technology

Systems and methods for hydrocarbon recovery

A method has been invented for recovering hydrocarbons from an earth formation containing hydrocarbons, the method including injecting a recovery injectant into the earth formation at a plurality of injection points spaced apart by about 14 to about 208 feet, and producing hydrocarbons from the formation with at least one producer well. In one aspect the method includes injecting steam into an earth formation which contains oil bearing diatomite at a plurality of injection points spaced apart by about 14 to about 208 feet, and producing hydrocarbons from the formation with a one or more producer wells extending into the oil bearing diatomite formation, with a plurality of producer wells spaced apart by a distance ranging between about 14 to about 149 feet, injecting steam into the oil bearing diatomite at an injection rate of between about 10 to about 149 barrels of steam per day per hundred feet thickness of diatomite, and injecting the steam at a pressure between about 10 p.s.i. to about 260 p.s.i. The present invention also discloses a method for treating a hydrocarbon-bearing diatomite formation including applying an artificial overburden over at least a portion of the formation and applying a variable well spacing as needed. A field on an earth formation has been invented for recovering hydrocarbons, the earth formation having an earth surface above it, the field including a plurality of injector well and a plurality of producing wells, the field including at least one injector well per acre of earth surface above the earth formation and at least one producing well per acre. Certain parts of the wells may be in below-grade chambers.

Clip applier cartridge with internal ratchet

InactiveUS20050256529A1Reduce effectImproves seatSuture equipmentsSurgical staplesEngineeringRisk stroke
A clip applier for applying a surgical clip in a patient comprising a disposable cartridge and a reusable actuating mechanism. The cartridge includes an elongate tube having a proximal end and a distal end, a pair of opposing jaw members extending outwardly from the distal end of the elongate tube, and a one-way ratchet mechanism providing a full actuating stroke. The actuating mechanism is coupled to the proximal end of the elongate tube to move the jaw members between an open position and a closed position. The ratchet mechanism may be formed from injection molded plastic. The cartridge further comprises a push member for advancing the clip into the jaw members, a biasing spring for maintaining the push member against the clip, and a drive coupling operatively connected to a sliding ratchet pawl for engaging with mating teeth formed on an inner surface of the elongate tube, wherein the ratchet pawl includes a cantilever arm that engages with the mating teeth, and wherein the drive coupling provides a central connection of the ratchet pawl allowing pivoting and improved seating of the mating teeth. A method of applying a surgical clip to an object in a patient using the clip applier of the invention includes the steps of positioning the clip applier within the patient such that the jaw members are adjacent to the object to be clipped, closing the jaw members and the clip over the object, and removing the clip applier from the patient. The method may further comprise the steps of orienting the clip applier such that the jaw members pass over the object, manipulating the jaw members to move the object to a compressed state within the jaw members, advancing the clip over the object to maintain the object in the compressed state, and retracting a feeder to allow the next clip to be fed into the jaw members.

Method and apparatus for x-ray mammography imaging

InactiveUS20050008117A1Reduce effectShorten distancePatient positioning for diagnosticsMammographyRelative displacementImage detector
A mammographic method and apparatus are provided for obtaining improved compression of posterior, middle and anterior breast tissue without pushing posterior breast tissue from the imaging volume and with less discomfiture to the patient. An initial compression of the posterior tissue is achieved by vertical, relative displacement of the paddle relative to the bucky assembly to compress the posterior breast tissue therebetween. Less patient discomfiture is achieved by using an inclined compression surface on the paddle or bucky assembly to compress the anterior and middle breast sufficiently for good X-ray imaging without further displacement of the skin adjacent the chest wall. A horizontal force component inclined force will not push the posterior compressed breast tissue from the imaging area. Herein a paddle may have a posterior breast section and have a flexed section which is biased to engage and conform to the breast shape. The flexed section may be releasably held by a lock and then released to apply compression forces to the middle and anterior breast. The flexed section is guided to remain level and to uniformly compress breasts which are not centered thereunder and without binding. The buckey assembly may have a hinged inclined section to compress the middle and anterior portions of the breast. The entire bucky assembly may be hinged to raise the image detector thereon and thereby lessen the heel effect. Alternatively, the bucky cover may be hinged to swing upwardly into an inclined position to compress the middle and anterior breast portions while the image detector is not.
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