The invention relates to a multi-lane free flow video vehicle position and control method, the processes thereof are that: step 1, virtual coils are arranged in the visual field of a panoramic camera to form a detection area. Step 2, when a vehicle enters the detection area, a video detector starts an algorithm program to obtain the position of the vehicle. Step 3, a central processing unit starts a microwave communication system and an image snapshot system. Step 4, a logical comparison system judges whether the vehicle has electronic label information, if without, executing step 8. Step 5, the logical comparison system judges whether a vehicle license plate number in the electronic label information and the vehicle license plate number which is identified by a license plate recognition system are consistent, if not consistent, executing step 8 is. Step 6, the images of the vehicle which are snapshot are deleted. Step 7, toll transaction is done, and a transaction record is formed after the transaction. Step 8, the transaction record which is transferred to a background billing system is further treated. Step 9, returning to a main process. The method can achieve an electronic toll collection function in a multi-lane free flow mode through the accurate location for the vehicle and the coordination control for a system.