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3480 results about "Single-mode optical fiber" patented technology

In fiber-optic communication, a single-mode optical fiber (SMF) is an optical fiber designed to carry light only directly down the fiber - the transverse mode. Modes are the possible solutions of the Helmholtz equation for waves, which is obtained by combining Maxwell's equations and the boundary conditions. These modes define the way the wave travels through space, i.e. how the wave is distributed in space. Waves can have the same mode but have different frequencies. This is the case in single-mode fibers, where we can have waves with different frequencies, but of the same mode, which means that they are distributed in space in the same way, and that gives us a single ray of light. Although the ray travels parallel to the length of the fiber, it is often called transverse mode since its electromagnetic oscillations occur perpendicular (transverse) to the length of the fiber. The 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Charles K. Kao for his theoretical work on the single-mode optical fiber.

Single mode optical fiber

A large core photonic crystal fiber for transmitting radiation having a core comprising a substantially transparent core material and having a core diameter of at least 5 mu. The fiber also comprises a cladding region surrounding the length of core material, wherein the cladding region comprises a first substantially transparent cladding material, having a first refractive index, and wherein the first substantially transparent cladding material has embedded along its length a substantially periodic array of holes, wherein the holes are filled with a second cladding material having a second refractive index less than the first refractive index, such that radiation input to the optical fiber is transmitted along the length of the core material in a single mode of propagation. In a preferred embodiment, the core diameter may be at least 20 mu, and may be as large as 50 mu. The fiber is capable of transmitting higher power radiation than conventional fibres, whilst maintaining propagation in a single mode. The core material may be doped with a material capable of providing amplification under the action of pump radiation input to the fiber. The invention also relates to a fiber amplifier and a fiber laser comprising a doped large core photonic crystal fiber. The fiber may also be used in a system for transmitting radiation comprising a plurality of lengths of large core photonic crystal fiber, separated by large core photonic crystal fiber amplifiers, such that the power of radiation transmitted through the system is maintained above a predetermined threshold power.
Owner:NKT RES & INNOVATION

Mode-locked multi-mode fiber laser pulse source

A laser utilizes a cavity design which allows the stable generation of high peak power pulses from mode-locked multi-mode fiber lasers, greatly extending the peak power limits of conventional mode-locked single-mode fiber lasers. Mode-locking may be induced by insertion of a saturable absorber into the cavity and by inserting one or more mode-filters to ensure the oscillation of the fundamental mode in the multi-mode fiber. The probability of damage of the absorber may be minimized by the insertion of an additional semiconductor optical power limiter into the cavity. To amplify and compress optical pulses in a multi-mode (MM) optical fiber, a single-mode is launched into the MM fiber by matching the modal profile of the fundamental mode of the MM fiber with a diffraction-limited optical mode at the launch end, The fundamental mode is preserved in the MM fiber by minimizing mode-coupling by using relatively short lengths of step-index MM fibers with a few hundred modes and by minimizing fiber perturbations. Doping is confined to the center of the fiber core to preferentially amplify the fundamental mode, to reduce amplified spontaneous emission and to allow gain-guiding of the fundamental mode. Gain-guiding allows for the design of systems with length-dependent and power-dependent diameters of the fundamental mode. To allow pumping with high-power laser diodes, a double-clad amplifier structure is employed. For applications in nonlinear pulse-compression, self phase modulation and dispersion in the optical fibers can be exploited. High-power optical pulses may be linearly compressed using bulk optics dispersive delay lines or by chirped fiber Bragg gratings written directly into the SM or MM optical fiber. High-power cw lasers operating in a single near-diffraction-limited mode may be constructed from MM fibers by incorporating effective mode-filters into the laser cavity. Regenerative fiber amplifiers may be constructed from MM fibers by careful control of the recirculating mode. Higher-power Q-switched fiber lasers may be constructed by exploiting the large energy stored in MM fiber amplifiers.
Owner:FERMANN MARTIN E +1

Optical Switch

The present invention provides an optical switch in which a switching operation is not affected even when the polarization state of a control light varies. The optical switch comprises a loop-form optical waveguide loop circuit formed from an optical nonlinear medium, control light input means of phase control means for inputting the control light into the optical waveguide loop circuit, a wavelength demultiplexing / multiplexing circuit, and a phase bias circuit. The optical waveguide loop circuit is constituted by an optical path formed from a first polarization-maintaining single-mode fiber extending from an optical demultiplexer / multiplexer to the control light input means, an optical path formed from a second polarization-maintaining single-mode fiber extending from the control light input means to the wavelength demultiplexing / multiplexing circuit, and an optical path formed from a fourth polarization-maintaining single-mode fiber extending from the wavelength demultiplexing / multiplexing circuit and returning to the optical demultiplexer / multiplexer. The wavelength demultiplexing / multiplexing circuit is formed as a loop-form optical waveguide loop circuit by a third polarization-maintaining single-mode fiber connecting a wavelength demultiplexer and a multiplexer, a fifth polarization-maintaining single-mode fiber connecting the wavelength demultiplexer and a polarization plane rotation portion, and a sixth polarization-maintaining single-mode fiber connecting the polarization plane rotation portion and the multiplexer. The phase bias circuit is inserted at a point on any one of the first through fourth polarization-maintaining single-mode fibers.
Owner:OKI ELECTRIC IND CO LTD

Optical fibre grating three-dimensional acceleration /vibration sensor

A 3D acceleration / vibration sensor for fiber grating comprises three measurement probes respectively fixedly arranged on a right plane, an upper plane and a front plane of a pedestal vertical to each other and corresponding to x, y and z axes to form a mutually vertical position relationship, wherein each measurement probe is connected with an optical splitter through a single-mode fiber at one end, and the other end of the optical splitter is respectively connected with a light source and wavelength demodulation equipment through a single-mold fiber. The measurement probe comprises a bending beam fixed on the pedestal plane, fiber gratings adhered on the surface of the bending beam along the axial direction of the bending beam and a mass block fixed on the free end of the bending beam, wherein one ends of the fiber gratings are connected with the optical splitter through a single-mold fiber. The invention adopts a fiber Bragg grating as the sensor, and adopts three fiber gratings for measuring three mutually vertical components of a spatial 3D acceleration, thus achieving measurement of the spatial 3D acceleration by vector superposition of the three components. The sensor can be used for sensing spatial 3D acceleration or vibration parameters.
Owner:NANKAI UNIV

Method of manufacture of low water peak single mode optical fiber

The present invention directs to a method of manufacturing low water peak single mode optical fiber, which comprises performing deposition in a substrate tube using PCVD technology, whereby a deposited layer of a certain construction design is formed on the inner wall of the substrate tube, melt contracting the substrate tube into a solid core rod according to melt contraction technology, producing an optical fiber preform by combining the core rod and a jacket tube of low hydroxyl content by means of RIT technology or by depositing an outer cladding on the outer surface of the core rod using OVD technology, sending the optical fiber preform into a fiber drawing furnace to draw it into an optical fiber, wherein: in the PCVD technology, the content of impurities in a gas mixture of raw materials, which is characterized by the infrared spectrum transmissivity thereof, is required to a transmissivity of 90% or greater, the water content in O2 is 100 ppb or less, the water content in C2F6 is 1000 ppb or less, the hydroxyl content of the substrate tube is 1000 ppb or less, the dynamic leak rate of a deposition machine is 1.0×10−5 mbar·l/s or less; during melt contraction of the substrate tube, the dynamic leak rate of a melt contraction machine is 1.0×10−5 mbar·l/s or less; the hydroxyl content of the jacket tube of low hydroxyl content is required to be 10 ppm or less; the relative humidity of environment during the process of manufacture is 25% or less; the ratio of the cladding diameter to the core layer diameter (b/a value) in the waveguide structure of the optical fiber is from 2.0 to 7.0.
Owner:YANGTZE OPTICAL FIBRE & CABLE CO LTD

Method and network architecture for upgrading legacy passive optical network to wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network based next-generation passive optical network

The present invention discloses a network architecture for upgrading a legacy time division multiplexing-passive optical network (TDM-PON) to a wavelength division multiplexing-passive optical network (WDM-PON) based next-generation passive optical network (next-generation PON), wherein the legacy TDM-PON comprises: a central office (CO) having a first optical line termination (OLT); a remote node (RN) having a splitter; a single mode fiber (SMF) connecting the first OLT and the splitter; and a first group of one or more optical network terminations (ONTs) being connected to the splitter by a first group of one or more distribution fibers, and wherein the network architecture further comprises: in case that the next-generation PON is a WDM-PON, a first apparatus for combining and splitting wavelength bands being positioned between the SMF and the first OLT, in order to add a second OLT to be used for the WDM-PON within the CO or within another CO which is located in a position different from the CO, while sharing the SMF; a second apparatus for combining and splitting wavelength bands being positioned at a front terminal of the splitter; and an arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) being connected to the second apparatus for combining and splitting wavelength bands within the RN, and being connected to a second group of one or more ONTs by a second group of one or more distribution fibers within the RN or within another RN which is located in a position different from the RN.
Owner:KOREA ADVANCED INST OF SCI & TECH

Single mode optical fiber

The invention relates to a low-attenuation single mode optical fiber used in an optical fiber communication system. The single mode optical fiber comprises a core layer and a wrapping layer. The single mode optical fiber is characterized in that the refractive index distribution n (r) of the core layer and the g-type refractive index distribution of the core layer meet the formula: n (r)=n0*[1-2*delta 1*(r/R1)*g]*1/2 (r<=R1), the delta 1 of the core layer ranges from -0.05% to +0.05%, g ranges from 10 to 30, and the radius R1 of the core layer ranges from 4.0 microns to 5.0 microns; the wrapping layer sequentially comprises an inner wrapping layer, a middle wrapping layer and an outer wrapping layer from inner to outer, the delta 2 of the inner wrapping layer ranges from -0.3% to -0.45%, the radius R2 ranges from 20 microns to 30 microns, and the delta 3 of the middle wrapping layer is larger than delta 2, the numerical relationship between the relative refraction difference and the radius of the middle wrapping layer and the relative refraction difference and the radius of the inner wrapping layer is V=(R3-R2)*(delta 3-delta 2), and V ranges from 0.5*10-2-micron% to 7*10-2-micron%. The attenuation coefficient, at the 1550-nanometer position, of the optical fiber is smaller than or equal to 0.180dB/km. The low-attenuation single mode optical fiber is low in optical fiber loss, good in manufacturing technology, low in cost and suitable for scale production.
Owner:YANGTZE OPTICAL FIBRE & CABLE CO LTD

Optical fiber Fabry-Perot sound pressure sensor manufacturing method based on graphene membrane and measuring method and device thereof

The invention discloses an optical fiber Fabry-Perot sound pressure sensor manufacturing method based on a graphene membrane and a measuring method and device thereof. A sensor is manufactured based on the graphene membrane and the optical fiber Fabry-Perot interference optical principle. Firstly, a single mode fiber is rinsed and processed, the graphene membrane is transferred, and the graphene membrane is adsorbed to a zirconium oxide single mode inserting core; then, the zirconium oxide single mode inserting core is inserted into the processed single mode fiber from the other end. Therefore, two reflecting surfaces of Fabry-Perot interference are formed by the end face of the single mode fiber and the graphene membrane, an optical fiber-air-graphene membrane interference cavity is formed, an interference cavity length detecting device is set up, interference spectrum signals are demodulated by using a two-peak method, and the high sensitivity detection of weak sound pressure signals is achieved. The sensor has the advantages of being simple in manufacturing, high in sensitivity, small in size, resistant to electromagnetic interference and the like, the problem that a sensor is low in sensitivity due to the limitation of the reduction of the thickness of a membrane in the prior art is solved, the sensitivity of the membrane type sound pressure sensor is improved, and the sensor can be expected to be applied to the underwater sound field, the electroacoustic field, medical field, biomedical engineering filed and the like.
Owner:BEIHANG UNIV

Self-correlation optical fiber communication system based on mode division multiplexing

The invention discloses a self-correlation optical fiber communication system based on mode division multiplexing. The self-correlation optical fiber communication system based on mode division multiplexing comprises an optical carrier input unit, optical signal modulation units, a wavelength division multiplexing unit, a mode division multiplexing and demultiplexing unit, a wavelength division multiplexing unit and coherent reception units. The mode division multiplexing and reconciliation multiplexing unit comprises a mode multiplexer and mode demultiplexer, and the mode multiplexer and the mode demultiplexer are connected through few-mode optical fibers. The optical carrier input unit is connected with each optical signal modulation unit, the wavelength division multiplexing unit and the mode multiplexer through single-mode optical fibers. The mode multiplexer is connected with the mode demultiplexer through few-mode optical fibers. The mode demultiplexer is connected with the wavelength division multiplexing unit and each coherent reception unit through single-mode optical fibers. The optical carrier input unit is further connected with the wavelength division multiplexing unit. The self-correlation optical fiber communication system based on mode division multiplexing eliminates an expensive narrow line width adjustable local oscillator light source which is arranged at a reception end, enables a laser to be conveniently managed and maintained, is free from using frequency offset estimation in a digital signal processor (DSP) and phase retrieval algorithm, reduces complexity of the DSP and has the advantages of being high in spectrum effectiveness and big in nonlinearity tolerance.
Owner:HUAZHONG UNIV OF SCI & TECH
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