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2952results about How to "High refractive index" patented technology

Single mode optical fiber

A large core photonic crystal fiber for transmitting radiation having a core comprising a substantially transparent core material and having a core diameter of at least 5 mu. The fiber also comprises a cladding region surrounding the length of core material, wherein the cladding region comprises a first substantially transparent cladding material, having a first refractive index, and wherein the first substantially transparent cladding material has embedded along its length a substantially periodic array of holes, wherein the holes are filled with a second cladding material having a second refractive index less than the first refractive index, such that radiation input to the optical fiber is transmitted along the length of the core material in a single mode of propagation. In a preferred embodiment, the core diameter may be at least 20 mu, and may be as large as 50 mu. The fiber is capable of transmitting higher power radiation than conventional fibres, whilst maintaining propagation in a single mode. The core material may be doped with a material capable of providing amplification under the action of pump radiation input to the fiber. The invention also relates to a fiber amplifier and a fiber laser comprising a doped large core photonic crystal fiber. The fiber may also be used in a system for transmitting radiation comprising a plurality of lengths of large core photonic crystal fiber, separated by large core photonic crystal fiber amplifiers, such that the power of radiation transmitted through the system is maintained above a predetermined threshold power.

Optical device utilizing optical waveguides and mechanical light-switches

An optical device consists of one or more optical waveguides and mechanical light switches 30. When a light switch 30 is turned on, it extracts light beam 62a from a waveguide core 20 and redirect the light beam 62b into free space, it redirects an incoming light beam 80 from free space and injects the light beam 80a into the waveguide core 20, or it performs both functions at the same time, depending on specific applications. On and off states of a light switch 30 are achieved by pulling the light switch 30 into a close vicinity of the waveguide core 20 and by pushing the light switch 30 away from the waveguide core 20, respectively. An interactive fiat-panel display can be built based on this invention. A plurality of parallel channel waveguides forms a display panel. An array of light beams 62a, injected from an array light source 60, propagates along waveguide cores 20 until reaches a location where a light switch 30 is turned on. At this location, the light switch 30 redirects the light beams towards a viewer. An image is produced when the light switches 30 are turned on sequentially while the light-intensity distribution on the array light source 60 is synchronically updated. The panel display is capable of responding to an input optical signal by detecting an incoming light beam 80 from a light pen 100. An array of photodetectors 81 is used to identify the location of the incoming light beam 80 on the display panel and a computer is used to execute a corresponding action accordingly.

LED (Light Emitting Diode) lamp tube

The invention discloses an LED (Light Emitting Diode) lamp tube, which comprises a glass tube, lamp caps arranged at two ends of the glass tube as well as an LED lamp strip arranged in the glass tube, wherein the inner wall of the glass tube is coated with a light increasing and heat radiating film; and the LED lamp strip is fixedly adhered to the inner wall of the glass tube through a high heat conduction bonding adhesive. The light increasing and heat radiating film is an aluminum-coated layer, or a frosted heat conduction light increasing adhesive layer or a nano adhesive layer capable of increasing light and radiating heat. The LED lamp strip comprises a substrate, wherein a plurality of LED light sources are welded on the substrate, or an integrated light source consisting of an LED chip is packaged on the substrate; and a driving power supply module is also arranged on the LED lamp strip. According to the LED lamp tube disclosed by the invention, the light emitting efficiency, the light emitting angle and the illumination area of the LED lamp tube are increased; the problems of glare and point light existing in the LED lamp tube are solved; heat generated by an LED is transmitted to the whole glass tube through the substrate of the LED, so that the heat radiating area is greatly increased and the heat increasing speed of the LED lamp tube is increased; the LED lamp tube can be applied to a lamp holder of a traditional fluorescent lamp, and thus the generality of the LED lamp tube is greatly improved; and the replacement and use costs are reduced.

Integrated planar composite coupling structures for bi-directional light beam transformation between a small mode size waveguide and a large mode size waveguide

Composite optical waveguide structures or mode transformers and their methods of fabrication and integration are disclosed, wherein the structures or mode transformers are capable of bi-directional light beam transformation between a small mode size waveguide and a large mode size waveguide. One aspect of the present invention is directed to an optical mode transformer comprising a waveguide core having a high refractive index contrast between the waveguide core and the cladding, the optical mode transformer being configured such that the waveguide core has a taper wherein a thickness of the waveguide core tapers down to a critical thickness value, the critical thickness value being defined as a thickness value below which a significant portion of the energy of a light beam penetrates into the cladding layers surrounding the taper structure thereby enlarging the small mode size. This primary tapered core structure may be present in either a vertical or horizontal direction and may be combined with further up taper or down taper structures in the directions transverse to the primary taper direction. Another aspect of the present invention is directed to a non-cylindrical graduated refractive index (GRID) lens structure. The non-cylindrical GRIN structure has a graded refractive index having a maximum value at its core and a minimum value at its outer edges. The grading of the refractive index is provided in a either the vertical or horizontal directions and may have either a fixed refractive index or a graded refractive index in the transverse directions. Yet another aspect of the present invention is directed to composite optical mode transformers that are combinations of the taper waveguide structures and the non-cylindrical graduated refractive index structures. Yet another aspect of the present invention is the further integration of the mode transformers with V-grooves for multiple input / output fibers and alignment platform for multiple input / output photonic chips or devices.
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