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2028results about "Rotary drum furnaces" patented technology

Carbonising and/or Activating Carbonaceous Material

A method is provided for carbonizing and activating carbonaceous material, which comprises supplying the material to an externally fired rotary kiln maintained at carbonizing and activating temperatures, the kiln having a downward slope to progress the material as it rotates, the kiln having an atmosphere substantially free of oxygen provided by a counter-current of steam or carbon dioxide, and annular weirs being provided at intervals along the kiln to control progress of the material. There may further be provided an externally fired rotary kiln for carbonizing and activating carbonaceous material having a hollow rotary body that has a downward slope towards a discharge end thereof, and which is provided at intervals along its length with annular weirs for controlling progress of the carbonaceous material. In embodiments, there is also provided a process is for producing discrete solid beads of polymeric material e.g. phenolic resin beads having a mesoporous structure, which may be useful as feedstock for the above mentioned carbonization/activation process or which may have other utility e.g. as ion exchange resins. The process may produce resin beads on an industrial scale without aggregates of resin building up speedily and interrupting production. The process comprises the steps of: (a) combining a stream of a polymerizable liquid precursor e.g. a novolac and hexamine as cross-linking agent dissolved in a first polar organic liquid e.g. ethylene glycol with a stream of a liquid suspension medium which is a second non-polar organic liquid with which the liquid precursor is substantially or completely immiscible e.g. transformer oil containing a drying oil; (b) mixing the combined stream to disperse the polymerizable liquid precursor as droplets in the suspension medium e.g. using an in-line static mixer; (c) allowing the droplets to polymerise in a laminar flow of the suspension medium so as to form discrete solid beads that cannot agglomerate; and (d) recovering the beads from the suspension medium. There is also provided apparatus for forming discrete solid beads of polymeric material, said apparatus comprising: a first line for conveying s stream of a polymerizable liquid precursor; a second line for conveying a stream of a dispersion medium with which the polymerizable liquid precursor is substantially or completely immiscible; an in-line mixer configured to receive a combined flow from the first and second lines and to disperse the polymerizable liquid precursor as droplets in the dispersion medium; a vertical polymerization column configured to receive the dispersion medium with the droplets dispersed therein and to permit the polymerizable liquid precursor polymerize while descending the column in a descending flow of polymerization medium; and a vessel at the base of the column for receiving the descending flow of dispersion medium and collecting polymerized solid beads.

Method for enriching nickel iron ore concentrate from laterite type nickel ore by means of rotary kiln

The invention relates to a method for collecting ferronickel concentrate from lateritic nickel ores by a rotary kiln. The lateritic nickel ores are crushed, stirred and mixed with a carbonaceous reducing agent and a compound additive, made into pellets by a ball press or a marble machine and put into the rotary kiln for reducing and roasting; waste heat at the front part of the rotary kiln is used for carrying out the drying and preheating of the pellets; the high-temperature area of the rotary kiln is 9 to 10 meters away from a kiln outlet; the temperature of the high-temperature area is controlled to be 1000 to 1300 DEG C; roasting time is 0.5 to 2 hours; the dried pellets enter the high-temperature area of the rotary kiln for reducing and roasting; a magnetic separator with a magnetic field intensity of 3000 to 5000 gauss is adopted to sort roasted material obtained after water quenching and wet ball milling, thus obtaining high-content ferronickel concentrate; the method can realize the simultaneous recycling of nickel and iron and obtain the high-content ferronickel concentrate; the content of nickel is 5 to 13 percent and the recycling rate of nickel is 85 to 93 percent; the content of iron is 30 to 75 percent and the recycling rate of nickel is 60 to 85 percent; the reasonable utilization of the waste heat during process procedure achieves the purposes of saving energy and reducing discharge and greatly reduces pollution to the environment.

Copper smelting device and process

InactiveCN102181661AAchieve positive resultsReduce bad luckRotary drum furnacesCrucible furnacesBrickSmelting process
The invention provides a copper smelting device and a copper smelting process. In the device, a shell of a rotary horizontal type cylindrical furnace body is made of a steel plate; an inner liner is made of a refractory material; the furnace body passes through two supporting rings and is supported on a foundation through four supporting rollers; one side of the furnace body is provided with a transmission mechanism; a motor is used for driving a speed reducer to drive the furnace body to rotate along a central shaft through a gear and a gear ring on a cylinder; the furnace body is partitioned into a smelting area, a blowing area and a refining area by a refractory brick retaining wall; a gap is formed at the bottom of the retaining wall; the bottoms of all areas are provided with a spray gun respectively; a charging hole is formed above the smelting area; a flue hole and a fluxing agent hole are formed above the blowing area; a main burner nozzle and an auxiliary burner nozzle are arranged on the shell of the furnace body end close to the two sides of the smelting area and the refining area respectively; and a slagging hole and a copper discharging hole are formed on the shell of the furnace body end on one side of the auxiliary burner nozzle. The device has a simple structure, a reasonable design and extremely good popularization value and application value and is energy-saving and environment-friendly.

Manufacturing technique for oxygen-enriched side blowing molten pool raw copper smelting and special equipment thereof

The invention disclose a production process for melting blister copper in a bath by side-blowing of oxygen enrichment and special apparatuses thereof, the process comprises the steps of melting concentrate of copper, diluting the slug and air refining copper matte, which is to say, adding the material comprising copper, quartz, limestone and fine coal into the furnace of bath and blowing the high pressure oxygen enrichment air into the furnace, the formed copper matte, slug are ceaselessly flowed into a diluting electric furnace, manufacturing acid after recycling waste heat by smoke gas at high temperature; overheating the slug through an electrode and separating the slug from copper matte to obtain the diluted slug and copper matte which is fed into the continuously-air-refining furnace through a chute slipway; reacting the copper matte with arenaceous quartz under the effect of compressed air to obtain the blister copper, performing mineral dressing to the air-refined slug, manufacturing the acid with SO<2>; the invention has less process investment, high heat utilization rate, low energy consumption, good effect of environmental protection, compact apparatus structure, small occupied area, great processing ability, light sticking in air flue, simple operations, diverse measures in adjusting the condition of furnace which is easy to control, high level of mechanization and low labor intensity.

Rotary kiln and technique for processing composition brass or block shaped raw copper

The invention discloses a rotary furnace which is cylindrical, a charging opening which is horizontally arranged is opened on the rotary furnace; a slag hole and a copper discharge opening are opened on a furnace body; a hole for mounting a burner is opened on an end cover of the furnace body; a vent hole is radially opened on the other side of the end cover of the furnace body with the hole for the burner; an oxidation and reduction air port is opened on the furnace body; a support is arranged at the lower part of the furnace, and the furnace body can be rotated on the support. The process for processing mixed copper or block-shaped crude copper by utilizing the rotary furnace adopts heavy oil, natural gas, pulverized coal and other fuels, oxygen can also be added for combustion for providing a heat source for melting solid copper materials, compressed air is taken as an oxidant, quartz sand is taken as a flux, the impurities are removed by oxidation and slagging, then the natural gas or LPG, etc., is introduced for reduction, thereby producing anode copper; flue gas is introduced into a secondary combustion and waste heat boiler for carrying out waste heat recovery, cooling and dust collection by a smoke cover. The rotary furnace has the advantages of high thermal efficiency, energy conservation, good environmental protection effect, high degree of automation and mechanization, safe operation, relatively low investment, but no no black smoke pollution, etc., thereby being particularly applicable to large and medium-sized mixed copper refineries for use.

Pyrolysis garbage technology performed by means of double-cylinder rotary kiln

ActiveCN102706140AThe calcination process does not negatively affectGood pre-decomposition effectRotary drum furnacesEnergy inputPyrolysisWaste heat
The invention belongs to the technical field of environmental engineering, and provides a pyrolysis garbage technology performed by means of a double-cylinder rotary kiln. The pyrolysis garbage technology performed by means of the double-cylinder rotary kiln includes the double-cylinder rotary kiln, a cement production line and technology connection pipelines, wherein the double-cylinder rotary kiln includes a pyrolysis passage, an ash heat return passage, a kiln head cover and a kiln tail cover; the cement production line includes a cement rotary kiln, a clinker cooling machine and a predecomposition furnace; and the technology connection pipelines include a tertiary air pipeline for communicating the clinker cooling machine with the kiln tail cover, a composite gas pipeline for communicating the cement rotary kiln with the kiln tail cover, a composite gas shunting pipeline for communicating the ash heat return passage with a composite gas eduction pipe of the kiln tail cover, a waste gas waste heat pipeline for communicating a side hot air inlet of the predecomposition furnace with a waste gas exhaust connector of the kiln head cover, and a garbage slag pipeline for communicating a side feed opening of the predecomposition furnace with a garbage slag outlet of the kiln head cover. The technology is utilized for processing domestic garbage with the cement rotary kiln for cooperation, utilizes the high-temperature pyrolysis garbage cooled by cement clinker to effectively avoid the dioxin generation conditions during the garbage incineration, and effectively utilizes the heat value of garbage, and further completely utilizes the garbage ash in a recycling manner.

Method for synthetically reclaiming iron, vanadium and titanium from vanadium titanium magnet concentrate

The invention relates to a comprehensive recovery method of iron, vanadium and titanium for vanadium and titanium magnetite concentrated ores, in particular to the comprehensive recovery and utilization of the vanadium and titanium magnetite concentrated ore of which the vanadium content is higher. In particular, the invention is vanadium extraction through water immersion after the vanadium and titanium magnetite concentrated ore is performed with sodium activation and sintered, the vanadium product is made from leach solution, the remaining slag is performed with reduction quickly through a rotary furnace after carbon is added, the reduction product is melted through the electric furnace, to segregate the melted iron and the titanium slag, the melted iron is used to make steel, and the titanium slag is used to produce white titanium pigment through a sulfuric acid method titanium white technology. The method of the invention is applied to the refining technology of the vanadium and titanium magnetite concentrated ore, to ensure that the recovery rate of the vanadium and titanium is greatly enhanced, the recovery rate of the total vanadium in the iron concentrated ore can reach more than 80 percent, titanium is fully recovered, and the production of massive blast furnace slag is avoided.
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