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2276 results about "Subgrade" patented technology

In transport engineering, subgrade is the native material underneath a constructed road, pavement or railway track (US: railroad track). It is also called formation level. The term can also refer to imported material that has been used to build an embankment.

Shield construction method for three-line parallel under-passing trunk railway tunnel

ActiveCN101126318AEffective control of deformationEffective control of displacementUnderground chambersTunnel liningRailway tunnelEconomic benefits
The invention discloses a shield construction method of digging three parallel tunnels under a trunk railway, which belongs to the field of tunnel construction technology. The construction method of the invention comprises the procedure that: the model analysis on each construction sequence and method is made by a three-dimensional finite element and the shield construction sequence is selected; to select the reinforcement project of the railway bed is selected according to the influence degree of the dynamic stress, the load-carrying structural model is adopted to calculate and decide the shield area reinforcing bars enhancement project under the dynamic load of the railway train; the construction parameters are selected according to the test results and the performance of the shield machine, the front earth pressure is reasonably set , the synchronizing mortar injection is enhanced, the forward digging speed and the axis deviation are strictly controlled, the secondary mortar injection is made, the foam or mud is filled by utilizing a pre-embedded injection hole; the strict monitoring measures to monitor the shield construction process is adopted so that the construction unit can adjust the construction parameters in time and guarantee the construction safety. The invention not only guarantees the construction quality and the construction safety of the project but also creates good economic benefit.

Two-component wet cement, process and application thereof

The technical field of the invention belongs to concrete and cement. The invention relates to a sialite binary wet cement and its package, transportation, storage and application. The sialite binary wet cement is composed of a “female body” as a primary component and a “male body” as a secondary component both of which are produced, stored, and transported separately, and are mixed together when they are used, wherein the “female body” and the “male body” each have a specific surface area of 2800-7500 cm2/g, the “female body” is mainly composed of inorganic cementitious materials and water, and it is in slurry, paste or wet powder form during the whole period of its production, storage, transportation and usage; the “male body” is mainly composed of inorganic cementitious materials, and it can be a wet form or a dry powder form. When they are used, the “female body” and the “male body” are mixed together with a small amount of regulating agents. There is no generation of dust, SO2, NOx and CO2 during production and application of the sialite binary wet cement. Therefore heavy pollution of a traditional cement industry is avoided, and energy consumption and cost of product are decreased. The starting materials of the said cement mainly come from natural mineral, various slag and cinder. The said cement can be used for building, traffic, water conservancy, nine filling, timbering, and solidation of roadbed.

Inducing device and inducing method of vehicle confluence at intersection based on vehicle and road collaboration

The invention provides an inducing device and an inducing method of vehicle confluence at an intersection based on vehicle and road collaboration. The device consists of a video detector set, a roadbed computer module, a wireless router, a ring road side traffic information prompting screen and a traffic inducing band, wherein the video detector set is used for sending real-time collected video data of the vehicles on a high speed arterial road to the roadbed computer module; and the roadbed computer module is used for processing the video data to generate a control signal; and the control signal is sent to the ring road side traffic information prompting screen by the wireless router to respectively display and convert the modes of an LED lamp. The inducing method comprises the followingsteps of: obtaining the real-time speeds and real-time distances of the moving vehicles by processing the traffic video flow of the vehicles on the high speed arterial road; and generating the control signal, wherein the control signal is displayed by the traffic information prompting screen and is used for controlling the mode conversion of the LED lamps of the traffic inducing band. The invention is capable of effectively avoiding the traffic accidents on the intersection of the ring road and the high speed arterial road.

Implementation method of speed feedback sign system for bend steering vehicle speed safety state prewarning

The invention discloses an implementation method for a speed feedback sign for bend steering vehicle speed safety state prewarning. The speed feedback sign system which consists of a monitoring camera, a rain sensor and a speed feedback sign device is arranged on the roadbed side of a road in front of a bend entrance in a retrograde vehicle direction, wherein a central control chip, a speed measuring radar, a light emitting diode (LED) display screen and prompting characters are arranged in the speed feedback sign device; a driver is warned to control the vehicle speed within a proper range before a vehicle enters a bend according to the conditions such as types of driven vehicles, weather conditions and road alignment conditions, so that traffic accidents after the vehicle enters the bend are prevented, and bend entrance critical safe vehicle speed corresponding to different vehicle types can be prompted in real time aiming at the change of road adhesion coefficients caused by different weather conditions and different bend road sections, and vehicle speed information and running states are fed back to the driver before the vehicle enters the bend; and therefore, enough time for the driver to adjust the vehicle speed is ensured and the road operation safety is improved.

Ectopic classification leaching repair complete process of arsenic and heavy metal contaminated soil

ActiveCN104889149ASolve the regeneration problemSolve the recycling problemContaminated soil reclamationCyclonePrill
The invention discloses an ectopic classification leaching repair complete process of arsenic and heavy metal contaminated soil. The repair process comprises the following steps: the contaminated soil is magnetically separated to extract and recover target metals; a nonmagnetic component is divided into three grades by a vibrating screen after being primarily crushed; stones and boulders are flushed by clear water to directly serve as building materials; thick and fine soil particles obtained through screening respectively enter second-grade leaching mixing equipment for washing; the solid-liquid separation is performed for mud generated by washing through a two-stage hydraulic cyclone device; leaching waste liquid is purified and regenerated for recycling; sludge is added with such repair materials as curing/stabilizing agents for safety treatment after being dehydrated; and after the treatment, the soil particles can be backfilled, or can serve as roadbeds, building materials and the like. Based on the characteristic of large difference of arsenic and heavy metal contents in soils with different particle sizes, the soil leaching treatment according to the particle size is performed, so that the process has such advantages as low repair cost, high treatment efficiency and saving of energy consumption, provides a new method for soil heavy metal pollution abatement, and is broad in application prospect.

Method for filling highroad roadbed by waste steel slags

The invention discloses a method for building a highway road bed with waste steel residues. The method comprises the steps: firstly, waste steel residues are adopted to build the road bed; secondly, the building speed of the road bed built with waste steel residues is required to be controlled to guarantee the road bed stability; thirdly, the road embankment built with waste steel residues is compacted by a vibratory road leveling machine in layers, during the compacting, the waste steel residues shall be in the optimum moisture content scope, through the trial road section method, the appropriate compacting machines and tools are determined, and the maximum dry density and the optimum moisture content are adopted as the compaction degree calculating standard in the road bed built with waste steel residues; and fourthly, the cross section design of the waste steel residue road embankment comprises the road embankment height, the side slope ratio of the road embankment, the building layer thickness, a top sealing layer, a bottom sealing layer, an intercalated layer, the slope protection and a drainage system. The invention has the advantages that the method is easy, the operation is convenient, the waste steel residue piling ground and the environmental pollution are reduced, the wastes are changed into valuables, the environmental protection is promoted, the method solves the problem that the highway engineering packing material is inadequate, the cost is low, and the quality of the built road bed can satisfy the construction requirements of the road bed of the higher grade highway.

System for kinetic model test of ballastless track subgrade of high-speed railway

The invention discloses a system for kinetic model test of the ballastless track subgrade of a high-speed railway. The system comprises a model test box, a model of the ballastless track subgrade of the high-speed railway, an excitation system and a monitoring system, wherein the model of the ballastless track subgrade of the high-speed railway is formed by the foundation, a foundation bed bottom layer, a foundation bed surface layer, a concrete base, CA (cement asphalt) mortar, a track plate, a fastener system and a steel rail in sequence; the excitation system comprises a series of vibration exciters; simulation of train loads at different running speeds is realized by cooperatively controlling the vibration excitation frequency and phase of each vibration exciter; and dynamic earth pressure sensors and layered settlement gauges are arranged in the model of the subgrade, steel strain gauges are embedded in the concrete base and displacement and acceleration sensors are arranged on the track structure to jointly form the monitoring system of the system. The system can be used for carrying out study on the kinetic model test of the subgrade under the running load of the train and can evaluate and predict different foundation conditions, subgrade structures and track irregularity.

Frozen soil mechanics model test device

The present invention relates to a model test device, and specifically to a frozen soil mechanics model test device. The invention is characterized in that the frozen soil mechanics model test device has a full-steel box type structure which comprises a heat insulation box body, a baseboard temperature controller, a water supplying device, a loading device and a data collecting and processing device. The device adopts a welding mode for connecting to a whole, and only one side plate adopts bolt connection, wherein, the baseboard structure of heat insulation box body comprises a heat insulationbaseboard, a water supplying pool and a top plate of water supplying pool. The structure gives attention to the functions of water supplying and temperature control. The water supplying device comprises a water level controller, the water supplying pool and a water supplying pipeline device. The charging device comprises a hydraulic jack and a hydraulic oil pump. The data collecting and processing device comprises a DT500/600 series data collector, a XSL series temperature measuring instrument and various types of sensors. The device of the invention has the advantages of realizing unidirectional and bidirectional freezing condition, realizing the water supplying of water migration in freezing process, providing the load of model test load application damage, monitoring the temperature field and stress field of frozen soil, monitoring the frost heaving, subgrade settlement deformation, etc.; and realizing the automatic collection and analysis of test data in the test process.

Full-parameterization establishing method for road three-dimensional model

The invention discloses a full-parameterization establishing method for a road three-dimensional model. The road design process is taken as the start, and design parameters of cross and longitudinal sections of a road are taken as the input. Specific establishing steps include that a plane straight curve is stretched and expanded to form a longitudinal section, a road longitudinal section straight curve is established and folded to form a road center line, ultrahigh and widened cross sections are arranged at transition feature points to form road subgrade surfaces, side lines are extracted to be crossed with terrain, filling and digging segments are judged, filling and digging sections are automatically generated through an intersection point ray method, digging faces and slope filling faces are formed, the filling and digging operation is conducted, and the road three-dimensional model is generated. According to the full-parameterization establishing method for the road three-dimensional model, the defect that input parameters are undefined in significance in an existing design process is overcome, and the full-parameterization establishing method has the advantages that the fast response to design changes is achieved, road three-dimensional design calibration is achieved, earthwork calculation is achieved, road path planning comparison and selection are achieved, and virtual wandering is achieved.

Multi-row micro-differential roadbed deep hole blasting construction method

The invention relates to a multi-row micro-differential roadbed deep hole blasting construction method, which comprises the following steps of: (1) selecting blasting parameters; (2) calculating security; (3) arranging a stair and a free face; (4) distributing holes and drilling holes; and (5) blasting. The blasting method is a multi-row deep hole millisecond micro-differential blasting method; and the blasting is performed by pull trough blasting and side slope blasting in a roadbed sequentially, wherein the pull trough blasting is loose blasting and the side slope blasting is precraking blasting. In the method, a shock conducting tube non-electric priming system micro-differential control blasting technology, a comprehensive blasting construction scheme of loose blasting, the deep hole millisecond micro-differential blasting technology and the roadbed side slope precraking blasting technology, and a wide-pitch and low-resistance hole distribution mode are adopted, so that explosivesand detonators are saved, the drilling mechanization degree is enhanced, the labor cost is reduced, the blasting effect is enhanced, the large rate of blast rocks is reduced, the material abandoning rate is reduced and harms of blasting vibration, impact waves, flying stones and the like are reduced; furthermore, when the blasting effect is enhanced and the stability of the blast roadbed side slope rocks is guaranteed, the absolute safety of blasting can be guaranteed.

Sleeper synthesized by enhanced fiber

The invention relates to a reinforced fiber composite sleeper for supporting railway tracks. The reinforced fiber composite sleeper is one made from reinforced fiber materials, fiber felts or weaving cloth through resin impregnation, formed by the pultrusion of a forming die for designing the shape of the section and solidified in the forming die. The invention overcomes the defects of the known techniques, has ideal strength and elasticity and good insulating property compared with the common concrete sleeper and the anticorrosive wooden sleeper, and ensures the safe running of the trains. In addition, with the good elasticity, the reinforced fiber composite sleeper greatly enhances the whole elasticity of the track structure and reduces the influence on roadbeds from the vibration of the trains and the environmental pollution from the noise of the trains during running; with the good insulating property, the reinforced fiber composite sleeper has no influence on the track circuits so as to ensure the safe running of the trains. The invention has the advantages of simple manufacturing, easy forming and short production period, and is capable of realizing the mechanical and continuous production. Besides, the length of the reinforced fiber composite sleeper can be cut and processed according to the determined length requirements, and the waste sleepers can be treated and recycled easily.

Method for treating soft soil roadbed by artificial composite crust layer

The invention discloses a method for processing a soft roadbed through artificial composite crusts, including the following steps: first, constructing micro-piles; second, constructing a construction waste cushion layer; third, constructing pile caps and paving steel-plastic geotechnical grilles; fourth, filling and building a soillime layer; fifth, filling and building a compact clay-doped construction waste layer; and sixth, filling and building a road embankment. The micro-piles is connected with a plastic or hard plastic claypan and a soft plastic claypan; pile caps are arranged on the piles and the steel-plastic geotechnical grilles are connected on the pile caps; the undersides of the steel-plastic geotechnical grilles are connected with the construction waste cushion layer, and the upsides are connected with the soillime layer; and the soillime layer is connected with the compact clay-doped construction waste layer which is finally connected with the road embankment. The method reduces construction cost and environment pollution, realizes utilization of a large amount of construction waste, and remarkably improves the bearing strength and uneven settlement resistance of soft roadbeds. The method is also applicable for soft roadbed treatment in large area in other municipal projects.

Liquefied soil foundation quake-proof road-bridge transition section structure of ballastless track of high-speed railway

The invention discloses a liquefied soil foundation quake-proof road-bridge transition section structure of a ballastless track of a high-speed railway, and aims to improve the stability and the integrity of the roadbed at the transition section and meet the quake-proof design requirements of lines. The structure comprises a concrete bridge abutment (10) and a soil roadbed (20). A reinforced grading gravel transition section (30) is arranged between the concrete bridge abutment (10) and the soil roadbed (20), wherein the longitudinal section of the transition section is wedge-shaped and the transverse section of the transition section is right trapezoidal. Rows of reinforcing piles (50) are arranged in the liquefied soil foundation at intervals along the longitudinal and transverse directions under the transition section (30). The pile ends of the reinforcing piles (50) pass through the liquefied soil layer of the foundation and enter a non-liquefied soil layer. A cement grading gravel reinforced cushion layer (40) is paved between the foundation surface and the pile top of the reinforcing pile (50). A reinforced concrete lap plate (60) is arranged on the top surface of the reinforced grading gravel transition section (30). One end of the reinforced concrete lap plate (60) is simply supported or fixedly supported on the concrete bridge abutment (10), while the other end is placed on the soil roadbed (20).

Remote multi-point monitoring system and method for subgrade surface settlement

The invention relates to a remote multi-point monitoring system and a remote multi-point monitoring method for subgrade surface settlement, which belong to the field of optical and geometric position measurement. The system comprises a central processing unit and a chain structure, wherein in the chain structure, a reference light source device is taken as a source node and a plurality of subgrade surface settlement remote monitoring devices which are provided with light sources and are positioned at measured points are taken as nodes. The method comprises the following steps of: measuring relative settlement of a previous device by using every monitoring device; accumulating to obtain the relative settlement of the device relative to the reference light source device; and tracing to the source of the reference light source device to a government benchmark to obtain the absolute settlement of the measured points. When the accuracy requirement is high, a traceable error compensation device can be arranged to form closed-loop measurement to modify accumulated errors. As the system does not need mechanical displacement and is low in power consumption during measurement, the system issuitable for an environment without alternating current supply outdoors; by the chain structure, the system realizes remote observation point traceability, and a uniform measurement reference is easyto establish; and the system modifies the accumulated errors during the measurement in a closed-loop mode to improve the measurement accuracy.

Testing device for simulating mechanical behaviors of gravel soil subgrade under reciprocating traffic moving load

The invention relates to a testing device for simulating mechanical behaviors of a gravel soil subgrade under reciprocating traffic moving load. The device comprises a peripheral framework, a test sample box, an axial loading unit, a horizontal loading system and a data acquisition system, wherein the test sample box is arranged in the peripheral framework, a gravel soil subgrade test sample is filled in the test sample box, a road slab is paved above the gravel soil subgrade test sample, the axial loading unit comprises a trundle and a hydraulic loading system, the trundle is arranged on the road slab, the hydraulic loading system applies an axial pressure to the trundle, the horizontal loading system maintains the horizontal reciprocating movement of the trundle, and the data acquisition system is arranged at the four corners of the side wall of the test sample box. Compared with the prior art, the device disclosed by the invention can simulate the mechanical behaviors of the gravel soil subgrade under the reciprocating traffic moving load to obtain the relationship between gravel soil subgrade deformation settlement and parameters of loading time, loading frequency, axial load and the like, thereby reasonably guiding the engineering practice of road engineering construction and ensuring the stability of the gravel soil subgrade.

Railway settlement monitoring system and online monitoring method

InactiveCN104019795ALittle effect of temperature changesHigh measurement accuracyHydrostatic levellingData acquisitionMonitoring system
The invention provides a railway settlement monitoring system and an online monitoring method. The monitoring system comprises a data collection station, a benchmark hydrostatic level gage and a monitoring hydrostatic level gage, wherein the data collection station, the benchmark hydrostatic level gage and the monitoring hydrostatic level gage are respectively provided with a cable connector, and the cable connector on the benchmark hydrostatic level gage and the cable connector on the monitoring hydrostatic level gage are connected with the data collection station through a cable after being serially connected with each other; the benchmark hydrostatic level gage and the monitoring hydrostatic level gage are respectively provided with a ventilation pipe connector and a liquid pipe connector, the ventilation pipe connectors on the benchmark hydrostatic level gage and the monitoring hydrostatic level gage are serially connected with each other through a gas pipe, and the liquid pipe connectors on the benchmark hydrostatic level gage and the monitoring hydrostatic level gage are serially connected with each other through a liquid pipe. The automatic monitoring of the settlement situation of a railway foundation, bridges and culverts, tunnels and transitional sections can be realized on the basis of the inductance frequency regulation principle and the intelligent monitoring method, the manual intervention factor is effectively eliminated, the measuring precision is improved, and the labor intensity of workers can be alleviated.
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