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2284 results about "Transmission loss" patented technology

Methods of and systems for continually measuring the range between mobile underwater vehicles carrying acoustical signal transmitters and remotely deployed synchronized underwater acoustical receivers provided with signal processing for continually determining such range during the underwater moving of the vehicle, and for measuring acoustic underwater transmission loss, geoacoustical properties and for other purposes

Invention relates to a novel method of and system for ranging between an acoustic source carried on an unmanned or autonomous undersea mobile vehicle (UUV or AUV) and preferably a plurality of hydrophone receivers remotely deployed from the vehicle in predetermined patterns, generally suspended from sonobuoys equipped with above-the-sea relay radio transmitting antennas, and with time synchronization provided amongst the source and the receivers, wherein the time delay from the transmissions of the source is measured by utilizing special signal processing, enabling range to be measured in close to real time by determining the product of the sound velocity and the measured time delay, and with the process continually and periodically being repeated throughout the duration of the vehicle run. Given the range, the system may then be used to measure the acoustical properties of and/or receiver system performance in the sea or other water body, such as transmission or propagation loss TL, channel impulse response, bottom geoacoustic properties, source level, receiver sensitivity calibration, sonar operator readiness and sonar receiver performance and the like. Further, in situ measured data can be assimilated with models to enable more accurate prediction of the ocean environment than could be obtained from either individually.

Transmission power control device and method, mobile station, and communication device in mobile communication system

A transmission power control device is provided that includes: a transmission loss calculator that calculates a transmission loss in the electric wave transmission path between a mobile station and each base station; and a transmission power control information determiner that determines which transmission power control information is to be used in a transmission power control operation at the mobile station, based on transmission power control information transmitted from each base station to the mobile station and the transmission loss in the transmission path between the mobile station and each base station calculated by the transmission loss calculator. This transmission power control device may further include an autonomous controller that increases transmission power from a current value in accordance with predetermined characteristics, regardless of transmission power control information from another communication device, when reception signal quality has become lower than a predetermined quality level. With this structure, after synchronization with a signal from the base station is established at the mobile station, the transmission power is controlled to increase from the initial value in accordance with the predetermined characteristics, regardless of the transmission power control information transmitted from the base station.

Transmission loss and gain measurement method, transmitter-receiver, and transmitting-receiving system

A transmitter-receiver having, a means for automatically determining the status of transmission medium such as optical fiber, and a means for automatically setting and resetting the transmission rate and/or output power according to the status of the transmission medium, a transmission loss and gain measurement method, and a transmitting-receiving system. A transmitter-receiver comprises at least: an output power controller for controlling the output power of a transmitter; an input power measuring section for measuring the strength of input signals; and an information processor for deriving the loss or gain of a path to change the output power of the transmitter and/or the rate of data transmission according to the derived loss or gain of the path. A transmission loss and gain measurement method applied to a system comprising transmission media and a plurality of the transmitter-receivers connected via the transmission media, comprises the steps of: transmitting information on the output power of a first transmitter-receiver from the first transmitter-receiver to a second transmitter-receiver; measuring reception strength by the second transmitter-receiver when the second transmitter-receiver receives the output power information; reading the output power information by the second transmitter-receiver; and comparing the reception strength with the output power information to calculate a transmission loss or gain by the second transmitter-receiver.
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