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3071 results about "Waste product" patented technology

Waste (or wastes) are unwanted or unusable materials.Waste is any substance which is discarded after primary use, or is worthless, defective and of no use. A by-product by contrast is a joint product of relatively minor economic value. A waste product may become a by-product, joint product or resource through an invention that raises a waste product's value above zero.

Integrated process for separation of lignocellulosic components to fermentable sugars for production of ethanol and chemicals

A continuous and modular process converts lignocellulosic materials for the production of ethanol principally and / or chemicals such as methanol, butanediol, propanediol, hydrocarbon fuel, etc. Renewable lignocellulosic biomass such as but not all inclusive hardwoods (gum, beech, oak, sweet gum, poplar, eucalyptus, etc.), soft woods (pines, firs, spruce, etc.), corn stovers, straws, grasses, recycled papers, waste products from pulp and paper mills, etc can be used as feedstock. The process is designed to be modular and the feed entry point can be selected to adapt to different biomass feedstock. Lignocellulosic biomass such as hardwood and softwood are subjected to chemical / pressure treatment stages using potent and selective chemicals such as sodium chlorite / acetic acid (anhydrous) and chlorine / chlorine dioxide to separate the main components—lignin, cellulose (glucose) and hemicelluloses (xylose, arabinose, galactose)—into three process streams. The separated carbohydrates are further subjected to washing, cleaning, neutralization, and / or mild hydrolysis and subsequently fermented to produce ethanol. Residual lignin and extractives remained with the cellulose are removed by chemical treatment steps to enhance the fermentations of cellulose. Pre-hydrolysate after neutralization to neutralize and remove toxic components such as acetic acid, furfural, phenolics, etc. containing (xylose, arabinose, galactose) and hexoses (glucose) can be either separately or together with the purified cellulosic fraction fermented to produce ethanol. Approximately 100 gallons of ethanol, suitable to be used as a fuel, can be produced from one dried ton of wood. Significant amount of lignin are separated as a by-product and can be converted to hydrocarbon fuel, surfactant, drilling aid, or can be incinerated for generation of power and steam.

Production of biodiesel from combination of corn (maize) and other feed stocks

InactiveUS20070099278A1Increase Biodiesel production outputStable year round productionFatty oils/acids recovery from wasteOrganic compound preparationProcess systemsSodium Bentonite
A method and system to produce biodiesel from a combination of corn (maize) and other agro feedstock may be simarouba, mahua, rice, pongamia etc. Germ is separated (either by wet process or dry process) from corn, crude corn oil extracted from germ and corn starch milk/slurry is heated and cooked in jet cooker to about 105 degree Celsius, enzymes added to convert starch into fermentable sugars in liquification and saccharification process and rapidly cooled down to about 30 degree Celsius. Simarouba fruits syrup, mahua syrup is mixed with corn starch milk (after saccharification). When yeast is added the fermentation takes place for about 72 hours. Thereafter the fermented wash is distilled to produce ethanol. Water consumed in dry process is very less compared to traditional wet process system. Corn oil and mixture of other oils is fed into transesterification (reaction) vessels where ethanol with catalyst, usually sodium hydroxide is added and reaction takes place for about a period of 2-8 hours. Crude biodiesel and crude glycerin as by-products is produced. Excess ethanol removed by distillation process. Crude biodiesel washed with warm water to remove residual soaps or unused catalyst, dried and biodiesel stored for commercial use. Oil extracted from spent bleach mud (used sodium bentonite), a waste product of edible oil refineries may also be utilized for economical production of biodiesel in combination of corn oil and ethanol.

Polypeptide production in animal cell culture

A method of producing a polypeptide in fed batch cell culture is provided which involves an initial cell growth phase and a distinct production phase. In the initial growth stage, animal cells having nucleic acid encoding the polypeptide are cultured at a starting osmolality of about 280-330 mOsm in the presence of a concentration of glucose controlled throughout the culturing to be within a range between about 0.01 and 1 g/L. This is followed by a production phase, where the cultured animal cells of the growth phase are inoculated at a cell seed density of at least 1.0×106 cells/mL and the cells are cultured at a starting osmolarity of about 400-600 mOsm in the presence of a concentration of glucose controlled throughout the culturing to be within a range between about 0.01 and 1 g/L. Preferably, the glutamine concentration in the cell culture medium is simultaneously controlled in order to curtail production of lactic acid and ammonia which result from unnecessarily high glutamine concentrations. During the growth phase, production of potentially detrimental metabolic waste products, such as lactic acid, is controlled thereby curtailing the increase of osmolality due to accumulation and neutralization of waste products. Thus, the cell growth can be improved. In the production phase, the cell culture conditions are modified in order to arrest or reduce cell growth and thereby direct nutrient utilization toward production, as opposed to cell growth. Overall, it is intended that the method results in an improvement in specific productivity, reduction in production run times and/or an increase in final product concentration.

Machine vision automatic detection system for rivets

The invention discloses a machine vision automatic detection system for rivets. The machine vision automatic detection system for rivets comprises a PLC (programmable logic controller), two industrial cameras, a storage bin, a vibration feed plate, a linear rail, a mechanical rotary plate, a waste product blowing pipe, a waste product discharging trough, a salable product blowing pipe, a salable product discharging trough, discharging baffles, an image acquisition card, an industrial personal computer, a touch screen, an electromagnet, a pneumatic electromagnetic valve, an upper sensor, a lower sensor, a hole sensor, a count sensor, a stepping motor drive and a stepping motor. The detection precision of the machine vision automatic detection system for rivets is within +/-0.03mm, and the electromagnetic valve is controlled by the PLC to complete precise waste product blowing and realize separation of salable products from waste products. The final number of the salable products is accurately recorded by a counter, and a discharging port is closed according to time difference to prepare for a subsequent packaging procedure. In addition, all data are recorded in a database, and various production, client, analysis and CPK (complex processing capability index) report forms can be generated by one key.

Inductive self-soldering printed circuit board

A new apparatus for inductively soldering surface-mount, straddle-mount and through-hole type electronic components into a self-soldering PCB (printed circuit board) in an automated fashion utilizing localized Electromagnetic Induction Heating (E.I.H.). Current manufacture technology for packaging electronic components depends on the reflow and wave soldering processes. Both processes heat up to relatively high temperatures the entire assembly, namely its PCB and all the electronic components being soldered into it. Such harsh high-temperature environment frequently causes components damage resulting in rejects and / or demanding rework. With this invention reflow oven and / or wave soldering equipment is not required. During a soldering operation only the leads and pads being soldered are heated but neither the body of said electronic components nor the dielectric material forming said self-soldering PCB and its interconnecting traces are heated. Because of this selectively localized inductive heating, the invention permits to reduce cost and improve the quality and reliability of manufactured products. The invention consumes about 200 times less energy than the reflow and wave soldering processes. This invention can readily be utilized to complement and / or supplement the reflow and wave soldering processes by providing selective inductive self-soldering of odd-form and / or heat-sensitive components. The invention also allows in-process, and in-situ, testing of soldered joints quality thus permitting rework before final assembly of a self-soldering PCB is completed. This invention also provides for a useful inductive de-soldering apparatus.

Temperature-adjusted and modified recycled ascon composition for reusing 100% of waste ascon for road pavement, and method for manufacturing same

Provided is a temperature-adjusted and modified recycled ASCON composition for reusing 100% of waste ASCON for road pavement, and a method for manufacturing same, wherein the composition is used in asphalt pavement as a material for the wearing course, surface course, binder course, and base course, and the method comprises: feeding 100 wt % of waste ASCON aggregate having up to a 53 mm particle size distribution into a mixer via a feeding inlet for new aggregate; adding 0.1 to 20 wt % of a recycling modifier and 0.1 to 20 wt % of a temperature-adjusting additive to the waste ASCON via the feeding via the inlet for new aggregate; and homogeneously mixing said materials at 5 to 180 DEG C for 0.5 to 3 minutes. The recycling modifier improves the physical properties of recycled ASCON, while the temperature-adjusting additive adjusts the temperatures for producing and constructing recycled ASCON. The present invention may provide economic, social and technological conveniences by improving the overall recycling technology of waste ASCON. The conveniences may be achieved by virtue of: cost-saving in production by using only waste ASCON without any new materials; saving waste disposal costs; preventing the destruction of nature to obtain aggregate; reducing the consumption of new asphalt; preventing environmental pollution through the reuse of waste products; preventing the early occurrence of plastic deformation and fatigue cracks due to improving the quality of the recycling modifier; economic benefits from the prolonged lifespan of road pavement; the possibility of being used as a material for the wearing course and surface course of major roadways; saving energy in the production and construction of recycled ASCON by adding the temperature-adjusting additive; and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
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