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6982 results about "Surface finishing" patented technology

Surface finishing is a broad range of industrial processes that alter the surface of a manufactured item to achieve a certain property. Finishing processes may be employed to: improve appearance, adhesion or wettability, solderability, corrosion resistance, tarnish resistance, chemical resistance, wear resistance, hardness, modify electrical conductivity, remove burrs and other surface flaws, and control the surface friction. In limited cases some of these techniques can be used to restore original dimensions to salvage or repair an item. An unfinished surface is often called mill finish.

Phase change material thermal capacitor clothing

An apparatus and method for metabolic cooling and insulation of a user in a cold environment. In its preferred embodiment the apparatus is a highly flexible composite material having a flexible matrix containing a phase change thermal storage material. The apparatus can be made to heat or cool the body or to act as a thermal buffer to protect the wearer from changing environmental conditions. The apparatus may also include an external thermal insulation layer and/or an internal thermal control layer to regulate the rate of heat exchange between the composite and the skin of the wearer. Other embodiments of the apparatus also provide 1) a path for evaporation or direct absorption of perspiration from the skin of the wearer for improved comfort and thermal control, 2) heat conductive pathways within the material for thermal equalization, 3) surface treatments for improved absorption or rejection of heat by the material, and 4) means for quickly regenerating the thermal storage capacity for reuse of the material. Applications of the composite materials are also described which take advantage of the composite's thermal characteristics. The examples described include a diver's wet suit, ski boot liners, thermal socks, gloves and a face mask for cold weather activities, and a metabolic heating or cooling blanket useful for treating hypothermia or fever patients in a medical setting and therapeutic heating or cooling orthopedic joint supports.

Ultra-precise curved surface finishing method based on non-Newtonian fluid shear thickening effect

The invention discloses an ultra-precise curved surface finishing method based on non-Newtonian fluid shear thickening effect. The method includes: adding abrasive particles or micropowder into non-Newtonian fluid with shear thickening effect to prepare non-Newtonian fluid polishing solution, wherein the non-Newtonian fluid accounts for 50%-90% of the mass of the polishing solution, the abrasive particles or the micropowder account for 10%-50% of the mass of the polishing solution, and the particle size of the abrasive particles or the micropowder ranges from 0.05 micrometer to 50 micrometers. Relative motion is generated between a workpiece and the polishing solution during polishing, shear thickening is generated at a contact portion of the polishing solution and the workpiece under shearing action, viscosity of the polishing solution in the contact area is increased to enhance holding force to the abrasive particles or the micropowder, and removal of workpiece surface materials is achieved under the micro cutting or chemical mechanical action of the adding abrasive particles or micropowder with polishing effect in the polishing solution on the workpiece, so that polishing of the workpiece surface is achieved. The ultra-precise curved surface finishing method based on the non-Newtonian fluid shear thickening effect can achieve efficient and high-quality polishing to various curved surfaces, in particular to complex curved surfaces and has great economic and social benefits.

Method and apparatus for preparing material coating by laser inductive composite melt-coating

The invention discloses a method and its device for laser to induce the compound melt high performance material coating. The invention heats up and coupling the laser beam and the high frequency electromagnetic induction, and realizes the process of laser compound melt with induction heating. The device includes the laser, the laser conducting device, the laser gathering device, the high frequency induction heater, numerically controlled machine tool, and the workpiece holding device. When the device works, the distance of coating of preparing to deal with workpiece surface and induction heating coil is between 1 and 10 millimeter. The versatility of the invention is strong, so it can do the surface treatment with laser to induce the compound melt high performance material coating in the surface of solid assembly of each material and inner and outer surface of tubular part. The characteristic of melt method lies in utilizing the efficiency high merit of hot spray, cold spray, or supersonic flame spray. And induction heating is done at the time of laser melt. The maximum melt linear speed amounts to 0.5-10 meters per minute, which enhances between one time and ten times to the conventional laser melt. The deposition rate of powder is improved between one time and fifteen times than existing laser melt deposition rate, moreover the melt deposit doesn't have the blowhole and the crack.
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