A travel luggage electric bicycle is composed of a front wheel disc, a support frame outer layer, a front lamp meter case, a braking handlebar, a power supply switch handlebar, a bicycle box body, a coded lock, a rear box cover, a tail lamp, a pulley, a charging socket, a motor shell, a rear wheel disc, a storage battery outer box, a riding wheel, foot pedals and a lower box body, and the components are made of plastics, and therefore the weight of the bicycle can be reduced. Front wheel shaft accessories, a horn shell, a braking steel wire, a handlebar pipe combination, a front box cover, a braking sleeve, a small gear combination, a chain and a big gear combination are made of metal materials, and strength can be improved. A seat cover and a seat cushion are made of artificial leather and sponge and have elasticity. The travel luggage electric bicycle is suitable for being used as a vehicle which a user can carry when the user is in a long journey, and articles carried by the user in the long journey can be placed in the bicycle box body for storage. When the bicycle can not be ridden conveniently, the user can push or pull the bicycle with hands, and physical power can be saved. When the user gets on or get off a car or a boat or the user goes up or goes down stairs, the handlebar pipe combination can be folded, and the bicycle can be lifted by hands conveniently. When power is not enough, the user can pedal to ride the bicycle with legs, and the bicycle is simple in structure and multipurpose.