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1740results about "Aluminium oxides/hydroxides" patented technology

Process for the production of ultrafine particles

A new, cost effective process for the production of ultrafine particles which is based on mechanically activated chemical reaction of a metal compound with a suitable reagent. The process involves subjecting a mixture of a metal compound and a suitable reagent to mechanical activation to increase the chemical reactivity of the reactants and/or reaction kinetics such that a chemical reaction can occur which produces a solid nano-phase substance. Concomitantly, a by-product phase is also formed. This by-product phase is removed so that the solid nano-phase substance is left behind in the form of ultrafine particles. During mechanical activation a composite structure is formed which consists of an intimate mixture of nano-sized grains of the nano-phase substance and the reaction by-product phase. The step of removing the by-product phase, following mechanical activation, may involve subjecting the composite structure to a suitable solvent which dissolves the by-product phase, while not reacting with the solid nano-phase substance. The process according to the invention may be used to form ultrafine metal powders as well as ultrafine ceramic powders. Advantages of the process include a significant degree of control over the size and size distribution of the ultrafine particles, and over the nature of interfaces created between the solid nano-phase substance and the reaction by-product phase.

Method for preparing alumina by using fly ash

The invention discloses a method for producing alumina by disposing and utilizing industrial solid wastes, in particular to a method for preparing alumina by fly ash, comprising the steps as follows: the fly ash is mechanically activated; the activated fly ash, water and concentrated sulfuric acid react in a reaction kettle under the conditions of heating and pressurizing; the solid is separated from the liquid after the temperature of the reaction is reduced so as to gain aluminium sulfate liquid; the aluminium sulfate liquid is evaporated, concentrated and cooled so as to precipitate aluminium sulphate crystals; the aluminium sulphate crystals are dehydrated and decomposed to gain gama-Al2O3 and SO3; coarse gama-Al2O3 is dissolved in alkaline solution; after the solid is separated from the liquid, the pure sodium aluminate solution is gained; aluminum hydroxide crystal seed is added to the sodium aluminate solution so as to precipitate the aluminum hydroxide; the coarse gama-Al2O3 can be prepared by circularly dissolving the seed-precipitated alkaline solution after vaporization-concentration; the metallurgical alumina can be gained by baking the prepared aluminum hydroxide. The method adds no additive, can lead the alumina in the fly ash to be effectively leached out with the leaching rate more than 90% and saves the energy resource.

Method for harmless disposal and recycling of aluminum ash

ActiveCN105271327ATo achieve the purpose of comprehensive recycling of resourcesGreat social valueAmmonia preparation/separationAluminium oxides/hydroxidesMetallic aluminumSodium aluminate
The invention discloses a method for harmless disposal and recycling of aluminum ash. The method comprises steps of raw material water immersion nitrogen and chlorine removal, calcination fluorine removal, alkali fusion sintering, sintering material dissolving-out and purifying impurity removal. Aluminum ash generated in metal aluminum smelting process is employed as a raw material, after metal aluminum is recycled through secondary processing, nitrides are removed through water immersion, fluorides are removed through calcinations, alkali fusion sintering is carried out, the sintering materials are dissolved out, impurities are removed through a sodium aluminate solution, the processed aluminum ash is employed as a raw material for producing sand-shaped aluminum oxide. Ammonia gas generated in the aluminum ash harmless disposal process can be employed as an ammonium production raw material, a chlorination liquid generated can be employed as a chlorate production raw material, and silicon fluoride gas generated in the calcination process is absorbed by an aqueous solution. The method is simple and practical, environmental protection benefits are high, the production efficiency is high, the device investment is low, and energy consumption is low. Harmless and recycling disposal of hazardous wastes can be achieved. The obtained product can be applied in practical production.
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