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1367 results about "Carbon chain" patented technology

Single vessel multi-zone wastewater bio-treatment system

A process for treating wastewater and a system for practicing the process includes: providing a plurality of zones within a single vessel wastewater treatment system; feeding wastewater into the system; maintaining an aerobic zone in the upper central portion of the vessel; feeding air into the aerobic zone for oxygenation and creating an upflow; maintaining an annularly disposed anoxic zone about said aerobic zone; causing the upflow from the aerobic zone to produce a downflow in the anoxic zone; causing at least a portion of the downflow from the anoxic zone to pass into the upflow of the aerobic zone; maintaining an annularly disposed clarification zone about said anoxic zone for clarified liquid, including an upflow; causing at least a portion of the downflow from the anoxic zone to pass into the upflow of the clarification zone; maintaining a facultative transition zone below the upper aerobic, anoxic and clarification zones; maintaining an anaerobic zone below the facultative zone for absorbing solids settled by gravity and synthesizing volatile fatty acids; withdrawing substantially clarified liquid from the upflow of the clarified liquid zone; withdrawing substantially solids from about the bottom of the anaerobic zone; employing the aerobic zone for breaking down carbon chains and oxidizing volatile fatty acids dispersed from the anaerobic zone; interacting the aerobic and anoxic zones for the removal of nitrates; and interacting the aerobic, anaerobic ananoxic zones for the removal of phosphorus.

Low moisture permeability laminate construction

ActiveUS20100024941A1Improve bindingImproved vulcanizable layered constructionRecord information storageMagnetic recordingElastomerResin matrix
An article having a fluid permeation prevention layer, such as a pneumatic tire or hose. A tire for example includes an outer tread layer, intermediate sidewall and carcass layers and an innermost air permeation prevention layer: (i) the air permeation prevention (APP) layer having an upper and a lower surface, the layer having a polymer composition exhibiting an air permeation coefficient (APC) of about 25×1O′12 cc cm/cm2 sec cmHg (at 30* C) or less and a Young's modulus of about 1 MPa to about 500 MPa, the polymer composition comprising: (A) at least 10 wt % of at least one. thermoplastic resin component having an APC of about 25×1O″12 cc cm/cm2 sec cmHg (at 30° C.) or less and a Young's modulus of more than 500 MPa, which is preferably a polyamide resin or mixture, and (B) at least 10 wt % of at least one elastomer component having an APC of more than about 25×10″12 cc cm/cm2 sec cmHg (at 30° C.) and a Young's modulus of not more than 500 MPa, which elastomer component is preferably a halogen-containing rubber or mixture, the total amount (A)+(B) being not less than about 30 wt %, and the elastomer component is a dispersed vulcanized, discontinuous phase in the thermoplastic resin matrix; and (ii) at least one thermoplastic laminate layer bonded to at least said lower surface of the APP layer, the thermoplastic layer comprising a film-forming, semi-crystalline, substantially hydrophobic carbon chain polymer having a glass transition temperature, Tg, of less than about −200 C.

Electrolyte for flame-retardant wide-temperature high-voltage aluminum electrolytic capacitor and preparation method thereof

The invention provides a working electrolyte for a flame-retardant wide-temperature high-voltage aluminum electrolytic capacitor, which comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 45-80% of main solvent, 0.1-5% of oxidation film stabilizer, 5-15% of secondary solvent, 0.2-3% of hydrogen absorption agent, 5-10% of solute, 5-15% of flame retardant and 5-15% of spark voltage increasing agent. The invention also provides a preparation method of the electrolyte and application of the electrolyte in preparation of a high-voltage electrolytic capacitor. In the electrolyte, appropriate solvent combination is adopted, thus the wide temperature from -40 DEG C to 105 DEG C is realized; a composite solute of an organic carboxylate with a branched chain and a straight-chain carboxylate with a long carbon chain is adopted, thus the stability is ensured, and the cost is controlled; the appropriate spark voltage increasing agent, oxidation film stabilizer and hydrogen absorption agent are added, thus the spark voltage of the electrolyte is increased, and the characteristic parameters of the aluminum electrolytic capacitor are not deteriorated after the aluminum electrolytic capacitor is used for a long time; and the flame retardant is added, thus the aluminum electrolytic capacitor is difficult to burn after striking fire.

Method for preparing liquid alkane fuel by upgrading bio-oil in aqueous phase catalytic mode

ActiveCN101870881AHigh recovery rateReduce latent heat loss of vaporizationLiquid hydrocarbon mixture productionBio-feedstockAlkaneDesorption
The invention provides a method for preparing liquid alkane fuel by upgrading bio-oil in an aqueous phase catalytic mode. The method comprises the following steps of: 1) pretreating the bio-oil to obtain a water-soluble component and a water-insoluble component; 2) performing a pressurized acid hydrolysis process on a furan compound of the water-insoluble component to prepare the furan compound; 3) performing a reforming and hydrogen production reaction on the water-soluble component; 4) mixing the furan compound with a liquid-phase product separated from the step 3) to perform an aldol condensation reaction to increase carbon chains; and 5) performing a hydrogenation and dehydration reaction on an aldol condensation product to obtain liquid linear alkane. The method has the advantages that: an upgrading process, which is performed in a double-phase system, can effectively contribute to the desorption of an intermediate product from the surface of a catalyst and the mass transfer of an upgraded product, and can reduce the risk of carbon deposition on the surface of the catalyst; the quality of oil obtained by the method is high; the energy density and the energy grade of the bio-oil are improved greatly; and the liquid alkane fuel can be obtained from all kinds of bio-oil so as to partially substitute for the conventional widely-used fossil gasoline and diesel oil fuel.
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