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4036 results about "Composite electrode" patented technology

Lithium titanate composite electrode material with surface coating layer

The invention relates to a battery electrode material, in particular to a lithium titanate composite electrode material with surface coating layer; in the lithium titanate composite electrode material with surface coating layer, the electrode material is composed of lithium titanate particles and a coating layer coated with the surface of the lithium titanate particles; the particle size of the lithium titanate particles is 100nm-95mum, the average thickness of the surface coating layer is 0.2nm-5m, and the particle diameter of the composite electrode material is 0.1-100mum; the material of the surface coating layer is one or mixture of more than one kind of insulation oxide, insulation composite oxide, aluminium phosphate, magnesium phosphate, lithium fluoride, lithium phosphate or LiMPO4, wherein M is magnesium, ferrum, cobalt, nickel, chromium, titanium or vanadium; in the invention, by carrying out surface coating treatment to the surfaces of the existing lithium titanate particles, a layer of protective film is formed on the surface, so as to change the physical and chemical characteristics of the surface of the lithium titanate active material, the surface can not be reacted with electrolyte even if under overpotential condition, so as to avoid ballooning and ensure the capacity and the circularity of the battery not to be reduced.

Battery electrode structure and method for manufacture thereof

There are disclosed solid composite electrodes with electrode active layers that include an electrode active material, an optional election conductive material, an optional binder and other optional additives. The solid composite electrodes are formed by the deposition of an electrode composition (slurry) onto a current collector in one or many layers. The electrode structure may be characterised by a porosity of the electrode composition layer that decreases in a direction from the back side of the layer (close to the current collector) towards the outer side of the layer. The gradient of the decrease in the porosity is controlled by the content of solid substance in the slurry, by the composition of the solvent in the slurry, by the temperature of the layer drying after deposition, as well as by the pressing or calendering conditions for each layer. The electrode structures can be used in for example chemical sources of electric energy such as primary (non-rechargeable) as well as secondary (rechargeable) batteries.

Multi-element composite nano-material, preparation method thereof and application thereof

The invention provides a multi-element composite nano-material for a super capacitor, and a preparation method of the nano-material. The nano-material comprises a carbon material, metal oxide and conducting polymer, and components of the nano-material can be two or more than two materials. By the aid of the characteristics such as fine electrical conductivity, long cycle life and high specific surface area of the carbon material, high pseudo-capacitance of the metal oxide and low internal resistance, low cost and high operating voltage of the conducting polymer, different types of electrode materials generate synergistic effects, advantages are mutually combined, shortcomings are mutually weakened, the energy storage characteristics of an electric double-layer capacitor and a pseudo-capacitor are simultaneously made full use of, a composite electrode material with high power density, fine circulating stability and higher energy density is prepared, and the multi-element composite nano-material is excellent in comprehensive performance when used for an electrode of the super capacitor, has the advantages of simple preparation process, short cycle, low cost and the like, and is suitable for large-scale industrial production.

Impregnated sintered solid state composite electrode, solid state battery, and methods of preparation

An impregnated solid state composite cathode is provided. The cathode contains a sintered porous active material, in which pores of the porous material are impregnated with an inorganic ionically conductive amorphous solid electrolyte. A method for producing the impregnated solid state composite cathode involves forming a pellet containing an active intercalation cathode material; sintering the pellet to form a sintered porous cathode pellet; impregnating pores of the sintered porous cathode pellet with a liquid precursor of an inorganic amorphous ionically conductive solid electrolyte; and curing the impregnated pellet to yield the composite cathode.

Process for preparing carbon nanotubes

Carbon nanotubes are produced using a silane procedure, in which a substrate such as carbon paper or stainless steel mesh is immersed in a silane solution of a metal catalyst, preferable Co:Ni in a 1:1 ratio; and a feedstock gas containing a carbon source such as ethylene is fed through the substrate and the catalyst deposited thereon while the substrate is heated by applying an electrical current thereto. Thus, a reaction occurs between the catalyst and the gas to yield carbon nanotubes supported on the conductive substrate. These composite electrodes may be used in electrochemistry or in field emitting applications.

Oxidized grapheme/polyaniline super capacitor composite electrode material and preparation method and application thereof

The invention discloses an oxidized grapheme/polyaniline super capacitor composite electrode material and the preparation method and the application thereof. The preparation method comprise the following steps: firstly, adding oxidized graphite to water for ultrasonic dispersion so as to form an oxidized grapheme solution with uniformly dispersed single pieces; at room temperature, dropping aniline to the obtained oxidized grapheme solution for continuous ultrasonic dispersion to from a mixed solution; at a low temperature condition, adding hydrogen peroxide, ferric trichloride and a hydrochloric acid solution dropwise to the mixed solution, and stirring the solution for polymerization; and after the reaction is finished, centrifugating, washing and roasting the obtained mixed solution in vacuum to obtain the oxidized grapheme/polyaniline super capacitor composite electrode material which is used as the electrode material of an electricity storage system of a super capacitor and a battery. The oxidized grapheme/polyaniline super capacitor composite electrode material with good electrochemistry performance is obtained by the method, and the specific capacity of the oxidized grapheme and the polyaniline is greatly improved. In addition, the addition of the oxidized grapheme improves the charge and discharge service life of the polyaniline.

Composite electrode and electrolytes comprising nanoparticles and resulting devices

This invention discloses novel electrochromic devices and polymer actuator materials where nanoparticles are used to make composites. In particular, the said nanoparticles are wire shaped and disc shaped. These composites allow EC devices to be made with improved performance, particularly display devices could be made that consume low power and can be manufactured at low cost.

Combined electrode of battery and preparation method thereof

The application relates to the field of energy storage materials, and discloses a combined electrode with ultrahigh electron and ionic conductivity and a preparation method thereof. The combined electrode is formed in a manner that a battery active material is uniformly tied in a three-dimensional multi-hole network formed by carbon nano tubes which are connected in a crossing manner, and meshes and the surface of the active material are filled or coated with a solid electrolyte material. According to the combined electrode, the carbon nano tubes, which are communicated with one another, can form an ultrahigh electrical transmission network, on the one hand, a solid electrolyte can provide the ultrahigh lithium-ion transmission capacity while not influencing the connection of the carbon nano tubes and the conductive capacity of the electrode; on the other hand, the three-dimensional network formed by the carbon nano tubes is also fixed by virtue of the solid electrolyte, the formation of a solid electrolyte interface is controlled, and an active material is protected under the high charge-discharge voltage. The combined electrode has the high reversible capacity and the enhanced rate capability, and can meet the requirement of a power automobile or a mixed power automobile.

Transition metal oxide/ graphene nanometer composite electrode material used for lithium battery and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to a transition metal oxide / graphene nanometer composite electrode material used for a lithium battery and a preparation method thereof. The transition metal oxide / grapheme nanometer composite electrode material is the transition metal oxide modified by grapheme or graphene oxide, wherein the transition metal oxide and the grapheme or the graphene oxide can be connected in a physical packaging or chemical bonding mode. One of the following methods is adopted: 1. evenly mixing a precursor and graphene (or graphene oxide) required by preparing the transition metal oxide at the mass ratio of 0.01: 100 to 50: 100 in a solvent, and reacting at a certain temperature and pressure to obtain the nanometer composite electrode material; and 2. fully mixing the graphene (or graphene oxide) and the transition metal oxide at the mass ratio of 0.01: 100 to 50: 100 in a solvent, and drying to obtain the nanometer composite electrode material. The preparation method is simple, is easy to operate and is suitable for large-scale production, the prepared electrode material has higher lithium-ion and electron conductivity, and the assembled lithium battery has the advantages of high lithium battery specific capacity and good cycle performance and is suitable for the lithium battery electrode material.

Electrolytic composition with polymer base for electrochemical generator

The invention concerns an aprotic electrolytic composition located in the separator and in at least one composite electrode containing a powder of an active electrode material, and if necessary an electronic conduction additive of an electrochemical generator The electrolytic composition comprises a first polymer matrix consisting of a polyether and at least a second polymer matrix, macroscopically separated, and also at least an alkaline salt as well as a polar aprotic solvent: The polymer matrices are capable of being swollen by at least one of the polar aprotic solvents. The solvent or mixture of solvents is unevenly distributed between the polymer matrices. The invention also concerns an electrochemical generator comprising a negative electrode and positive electrode reversible to alkaline ions and a separator with polymer electrolyte, the electrolytic component of which is the composition described above. The invention further concerns the manufacture in two or three steps of a sub-assembly of an electrochemical generator by coating an electrode support with a composite electrode containing the second matrix, followed by a surface coating on the electrode resulting from the preceding step with a solution containing the first polymer matrix so as to form the separator wholly or partly.

Graphene/molybdenum disulfide composite electrode material and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to the fields of a novel chemical electric power source and a new energy material, and particularly discloses a graphene/molybdenum disulfide composite electrode material and a preparation method of the composite electrode material. The preparation method comprises the steps of: (1) preparing graphite oxide from graphite as a raw material by an oxidation and intercalation method; (2) dissolving prepared graphite oxide with deionized water, carrying out ultrasonic stripping to obtain a graphene oxide solution, then adding DMF (dimethyl formamide) and molybdate, finally adding a reducing agent, and dispersing uniformly to obtain a mixed solution; and (3) transferring the mixed solution to a reaction kettle, keeping the temperature in the temperature condition of greater than or equal to 180 DEG C for 5-10h, centrifuging and washing the product to remove DMF, and drying to obtain the graphene/molybdenum disulfide composite electrode material product. The preparation method of the graphene/molybdenum disulfide composite electrode material is simple, uniform in reaction system and low in production cost, and is particularly suitable for requirements of industrial large scale production; and the prepared product graphene/molybdenum disulfide composite electrode material has better electrochemical performances.

High-capacity metal lithium powder composite cathode and preparation method thereof, and multi-layer composite electrode

The invention discloses a high-capacity metal lithium powder composite cathode and a preparation method thereof and a multi-layer composite electrode. The high-capacity metal lithium powder composite cathode comprises the following components in part by weight: 1 to 80 parts of metal lithium powder, 10 to 90 parts of cathode powder, 1 to 10 parts of conductive agent, 1 to 4.5 parts of adhesive and 0 to 0.5 part of surfactant. By compounding the metal lithium powder with materials such as graphite, soft carbon, hard carbon, tin and oxides thereof, silicon and oxides thereof and the like, mass ratio capacity and volume ratio capacity of a cathode material are improved, using amount of active substances is reduced, and the battery specific capacity is improved; the specific capacity of the cathode can be adjusted by adjusting the rate of metal lithium to the graphite; short circuit in a battery caused by piercing of a diaphragm through metal dendritic crystal growth can be effectively prevented through the separation of an insulating protective layer, so that the safety performance of the battery is improved; and the metal lithium powder is counteracted with irreversible capacity loss of the cathode, and primary Kulun efficiencies of the graphite, the hard carbon, the soft carbon, the tin, the silicon and other cathode materials are improved.

Nanoporous Insulating oxide Deionization Device Having Electrolyte Membrane, and Method of Manufacture and Use Thereof

A nanoporous insulating oxide deionization device, method of manufacture and method of use thereof for deionizing a water supply (such as a hard water supply), for desalinating a salt water supply, and for treating a bacteria-containing water supply. The device contains two composite electrodes each constructed from a conductive backing electrode and a composite oxide layer being an insulating oxide or a non-insulating oxide and an intermediate porous layer. The composite layer being substantially free of mixed oxidation states and nanoporous and having a median pore diameter of 0.5-500 nanometers and average surface area of 300-600 m2 / g. The composite layer made from a stable sol-gel suspension containing particles of the insulating oxide, the median primary particle diameter being 1-50 nanometers. The difference in zeta potential, at a pH in the range of 6-9, being sufficient to suitably remove alkaline and alkaline earth cations (such as Ca2+ and Na1+), various organic and other inorganic cations and organic and inorganic anions from water, preferably household hard water. One composite layer being constructed from a mixture of Al2O3, MgAl2O4 and / or Mg-doped. Al2O3 particles, and the other composite layer being constructed from SiO2 or TiO2.
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