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1322 results about "Tryptophan" patented technology

Tryptophan (symbol Trp or W) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins. Tryptophan contains an α-amino group, an α-carboxylic acid group, and a side chain indole, making it a non-polar aromatic amino acid. It is essential in humans, meaning the body cannot synthesize it; it must be obtained from the diet. Tryptophan is also a precursor to the neurotransmitter serotonin, the hormone melatonin and vitamin B3. It is encoded by the codon UGG.

Pharmaceutical composition and method for the transdermal delivery of calcium

The present invention relates to a method and transdermal pharmaceutical composition for preventing or reducing the likelihood of calcium deficiency or imbalances caused by calcium deficiency. The transdermal pharmaceutical composition includes a therapeutically effective amount of a pharmaceutically acceptable salt of calcium and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier constituting a pluronic lecithin organogel. In addition to calcium, the transdermal pharmaceutical composition may also contain a therapeutically effective amount of: (1) a pharmaceutically acceptably salt of other minerals such as magnesium, zinc, selenium, manganese, or chromium; (2) a vitamin such as vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin C, vitamin E or B-complex vitamins, choline, lecithin, inositol, PABA, biotin, or bioflavomoids; (3) a carotenoid such as lycopene or lutein; (4) a hormone such as dehydroepiandrosterone, progesterone, pregnenolone, or melatonin; (5) an amino acid such as arginine, glutamine, lysine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, GABA, tryptophan, carnitine, or acetyl-l-carnitine; (6) a fatty acid such as a fish oil or flax seed oil; (7) a vita-nutrient such as coenzyme Q10; (8) a cartilage building nutrient such as glucosamine, chondroitin, or MSM, (9) a herb such as ginkgo biloba, echinacea, 5-HTP, St. John's wort, or saw palmetto; or (9) any combination thereof. The transdermal pharmaceutical composition may be topically administered to a human to prevent or reduce the likelihood of calcium deficiency or imbalances caused by calcium deficiency such as hypertension, high cholesterol, colon and rectal cancer, osteomalacia, rickets, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, preeclampsia, tooth decay, and premenstrual syndrome.

Compound and method of treating neurogenic conditions using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug complexes

InactiveUS20060142181A1Nervous disorderPeptide/protein ingredientsMembrane TransportersL glutamate
A complex is provided for the treatment of neurogenic conditions having the formula:
where R1 is
M is a metal ion Ca(II), Mg(II), Cu(II) or Ni(II); n is an integer 1 or 2; R is BBB peptide, transferrin, membrane transporter peptide, TAT peptide, bradykinin, beta-endorphin, bombesin, calcitonin, cholecystokinin, an enkephalin, dynorphin, insulin, gastrin, substance P, neurotensin, glucagon, secretin, somatostatin, motilin, vasopressin, oxytocin, prolactin, thyrotropin, an angiotensin, galanin, neuropeptide Y, thyrotropin-releasing hormone, gonadotropnin-releasing hormone, growth hormone-releasing hormone, luteinizing hormone, vasoactive intestinal peptidegluconate, L-lactate, L-leucine, L-tryptophan, and L-glutamate; and R is coupled to M through a carboxylate moiety. Magnesium (II) represents the preferred metal ion as magnesium is known to have neuroprotective effects. The metal ion is in part chelated by a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that does not inhibit platelet activity and includes salicylate and ibuprofenate. The complex also includes a ligand operative in transport across the blood brain barrier. A process for making an inventive complex includes the stoichiometric addition of ligands containing carboxylate groups to a solution of the metal ion. In instances where the metal ion is magnesium (II), a stoichiometric ratio of 1:1:1 is found between the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ligand:magnesium (II):transporter ligand.

Superantibody synthesis and use in detection, prevention and treatment of disease

Superantibodies having enhanced autophilic, catalytic, and/or membrane-penetrating properties are prepared by affinity-based conjugation of a photoactivatable organic molecule to a target immunoglobulin. The photoactivatable organic molecule bears a chromophoric aromatic hydrocarbon moiety, which has affinity for the immunoglobulin. Upon photolysis, the organic molecule is covalently linked to the immunoglobulin. A preferred organic molecule is a peptide and a preferred aromatic hydrocarbon moiety is a tryptophan residue. The photoactivatable organic molecule need not bear a purine, pyrimidine or azido group to effect binding to the immunoglobulin and/or photoactivation. The superantibodies can enhance the potency and expand the targeting range of target antibodies. Autophilic superantibodies can promote apoptosis of target cells and/or enhance therapeutic efficacies in the treatment of patients with diseases or disorders responsive to antibody therapy. Exemplary of such diseases are atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Membrane-penetrating superantibodies can prevent apoptosis by binding to intracellular anti-caspase signal proteins. Compositions containing the superantibodies, as well as methods of making and using them, are disclosed.

Anti-stress feedstuff additive

The invention discloses anti-stress feed additives. The compositions of the anti-stress feed additives are: 15 to 30 percent of astragalus polysaccharides, 15 to 30 percent of radix scutellariae glucoside, 10 to 20 percent of pennyroyal wrappage, 10 to 20 percent of honeysuckle extract, 0.5 to 5 percent of vitamin C, 0.5 to 5 percent of vitamin E, 0.001 to 0.02 percent of chromium picolinate, 0.05 to 0.3 percent of zinc oxide, 0.1 to 1 percent of arginine, 1 to 5 percent of tryptophan, 1 to 5 percent of glutamine, 1 to 5 percent of sodium sulfate, 1 to 3 percent of calcium iodate, 1 to 3 percent of sodium selenite, 1 to 3 percent of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, the balance being auxiliary materials. The anti-stress feed additives are added into poultry feed according to the ratio of 0.1 to 0.3 percent. The anti-stress feed additives have the advantages that: firstly, the anti-stress feed additives can reinforce the anti-stress capability of poultry, and are particularly suitable for reinforcing the cold stress capability and the heat stress capability; secondly, the anti-stress feed additives can quickly replenish electrolyte loss caused by dehydration, and quickly recover the osmotic pressure of cells and adjust the acid-base balance in the body; and thirdly, the anti-stress feed additives can reinforce the anti-positioning capability of water bodies of the aquatic animals.

Methods for enhancing the transport of glucose into muscle

The present invention is directed to novel compositions of bio-active compounds comprising 4-hydroxyisoleucine and one or more compounds selected from the group of amino acids, alkaloids, glycosides, volatile oils, saponins, sapogenins, mannans, flavonoids, fatty acids, vitamins and provitamins, minerals, and carbohydrates. Preferably, the novel compositions of bio-active compounds include 4-hydroxyisoleucine and one or more amino acids selected from the group consisting of arginine, aspartate, threonine, serine, glutamate, proline, glycine, alanine, cysteine, valine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine, tryptophan, phenylalanine, ornithine, proline, lysine, histidine, and gamma-aminobutyrate. The composition of bio-active compounds preferably include between about ten percent and about seventy percent of 4-hydroxyisoleucine and between about twenty percent and about forty percent of other amino acids. The bio-active compounds of the novel composition of the present invention may be derived, isolated, and/or extracted from Fenugreek seeds. A preferred method for extracting the bio-active compounds from Fenugreek seeds includes the steps of: (1) providing a plurality of Fenugreek seeds; (2) preparing the Fenugreek seeds; and (3) extracting a novel composition of bio-active compounds from the Fenugreek seeds, which include a preliminary extraction step and a secondary extraction step. The compositions of bio-active compounds have been found to be helpful in restoring healthy energy balance in humans and animals, aiding in weight management efforts, and for balancing blood sugar levels by way of assisting the body to make more efficient use of existing (i.e., endogenous) insulin.
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