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5766results about How to "Low water absorption" patented technology

Arrangement of building elements with connecting means

InactiveUS7377081B2Potential savingAccurately processStrutsWallsArchitectural engineeringInterconnection
An arrangement of building elements capable of a snap-fastening interconnection comprises an element, especially the tongue, consisting of a different material from the other building elements. An MDF / HDF panel, is initially milled along the longitudinal and / or transverse sides, and the resulting groove is then provided and / or foam-filled with extrudates. Finally, the free ends of the extrudates are milled to form the profile of the tongue. Alternatively, or additionally, a groove may also be milled into the extrudates.

Alicyclic-containing polyimide film and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to an alicyclic-containing polyimide film. The molecular structure general formula of the film is the right formula, wherein, -CA- is a bivalence connection group of an alicyclic dibasic primary amine, -Ar- is a bivalence connection group of an aromatic dibasic primary amine, and -R- is a bivalence connection group of an aromatic dibasic estolide. The preparation thereof includes: the alicyclic dibasic primary amine and the aromatic dibasic primary amine are dissolved in non-proton organic solvent with strong polarity, the aromatic dibasic estolide is added, the non-proton organic solvent with strong polarity is used for regulating the viscosity of the alicyclic-containing polyamic acid resin solution after reaction for 1-3 hours, forming is carried out in a curtain coating machine, and dehydration fever imidization, cooling and demoulding are carried out so as to obtain the film. The preparation method has mild reaction condition and low cost and is environmentally friendly; and meanwhile, the alicyclic-containing polyimide film has excellent mechanic property and heat resistant property and low water absorption, and the visible light transmission thereof is as high as more than 97%. The film has good application prospect in the fields of optical waveguide material, photorefractive material and photoelectric material in optical communication field and direct action membrane material in the liquid crystal display field and the like.

Fiber cement composite materials using cellulose fibers loaded with inorganic and/or organic substances

This invention discloses a new technology related to cellulose fiber reinforced cement composite materials using the loaded cellulose fibers. This invention discloses four aspects of the technology: fiber treatment, formulation, method and final product. This technology advantageously provides fiber cement building materials with the desirable characteristics of reduced water absorption, reduced rate of water absorption, lower water migration, and lower water permeability. This invention also impart the final products improved freeze-thaw resistance, reduced efflorescence, reduced chemical dissolution and re-deposition, and improved rot and fire resistances, compared to conventional fiber cement products. These improved attributes are gained without loss in dimensional stability, strength, strain or toughness.

Silicon dioxide aerogel material and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to a silicon dioxide aerogel material and a preparation method thereof. The method comprises the following steps: by using water glass as silicon source, adding an acid-containing organic solvent free of chlorine ions and fluorine ions to generate a precipitate of sodium ions, potassium ions and other metal salt ions, filtering to remove the precipitate to obtain high-purity silica sol, carrying out a sol-gel process, aging, acidifying, modifying, and drying to obtain the silicon dioxide aerogel material. The acidification before modification enhances the surface reaction activity of the silicon gel, thereby obviously enhancing the modification effect and efficiency. The method has the advantages of low cost and simple and efficient technique, is beneficial to mass high-efficiency production, is free of chlorine ions and fluorine ions in the whole technical process, and enhances the equipment operation safety and reliability; and the product can be used for heat preservation and thermal insulation of nuclear power and liquefied natural gas equipment and pipelines with higher requirement for corrosion resistance, and can also be used for thermal insulation in the field of aerospace, petrochemical engineering, track transportation, ships, automobiles, construction and the like.

Semi-aromatic polyamide resin

InactiveUS20090098325A1Good adhesive propertyHigh residence stability and hot water resistanceSynthetic resin layered productsFlexible pipesDiamineCarboxylic group
A semi-aromatic polyamide resin is provided which has a high level of residence stability, hot-water resistance and chemical resistance and is also excellent in adhesive properties and compatibility with other resins and the like.The semi-aromatic polyamide resin comprises: dicarboxylic acid units in which 50 to 100 mol % of the dicarboxylic acid units are aromatic dicarboxylic acid units; and diamine units in which 60 to 100 mol % of the diamine units are aliphatic diamine units having 9 to 13 carbon atoms. Furthermore, at least 10% of terminal groups of molecular chains of the polyamide resin are blocked with a terminal-blocking agent, and the amount of terminal amino groups of the molecular chains is 60 μeq / g or more and 120 μeq / g or less. In addition, [NH2] / [COOH]≧6 is satisfied, where [NH2] (μeq / g) represents the amount of the terminal amino groups and [COOH] (μeq / g) represents the amount of terminal carboxyl groups.

Thermoplastic polyimide resin film, multilayer body and method for manufacturing printed wiring board composed of same

The present invention provides a laminate having a two-layer or three-layer structure including a non-thermoplastic polyimide film and a thermoplastic polyimide layer provided on one or both of the surfaces thereof, the surface of the thermoplastic polyimide layer being surface-treated; a laminate including a polymer film and a layer provided on one or both of the surfaces thereof, the layer including a polyimide resin composition comprising a polyimide resin with a specified structure and a thermosetting component; and a resin film and a laminate including the same which provided one, at least, of surface having a Ra1 value of arithmetic mean roughness of 0.05 μm to 1 μm measured with a cutoff value of 0.002 mm, and a Ra1 / Ra2 ratio of 0.4 to 1, Ra2 being a value measured with a cutoff value of 0.1 mm. These laminates can provide a printed circuit board with excellent adhesiveness, on which a micro-wiring circuit can be formed.

Composition of conducting polymer and organic opto-electronic device employing the same

ActiveUS20060180810A1Low water uptakeLow contentDischarge tube luminescnet screensConductive materialIonOpto electronic
A composition including a conducting polymer and an ionomer, and an opto-electronic and an electronic device including the composition are provided. The composition is prepared by doping a conducting polymer with an ionomer which has a low water uptake, has a low content of by-products decomposed by a reaction with electrons, and can crosslink with the conducting polymer. Thus, the opto-electronic device including the composition has improved device performance such as device efficiency and lifetime.

Heat-preservation sound-proof low-density foamed concrete

The invention discloses heat-preservation sound-proof low-density foamed concrete. The heat-preservation sound-proof low-density foamed concrete is characterized by being prepared from, by weight, 40-100 parts of cement, 5-40 parts of carbide slags, 5-40 parts of active powder, 1-20 parts of foaming agents, 0.1-8 parts of foam stabilizers, 0-8 parts of water reducing agents, 0-8 parts of coagulation accelerator, 0-25 parts of waterproof agents, 0.1-5 parts of anti-cracking agents and 25-150 parts of water, and the foamed concrete is prepared from the materials through mixing, foam molding and maintenance. The heat-preservation sound-proof low-density foamed concrete has the advantages of being low in dry density, low in heat conductivity coefficient, high in strength, wide in raw material source, low in cost, simple in preparation technology, convenient to prefabricate in factories or pour on site and the like; the heat-preservation sound-proof low-density foamed concrete is suitable for building exterior wall heat-preservation engineering, roof heat-preservation engineering, floor heating heat-preservation engineering, composite heat-preservation wall engineering, backfilling engineering, retaining wall slab engineering and the like.

Thermoplastic elastomeric foam materials and methods of forming the same

Foams with low water absorption are provided, along with thermoplastic elastomeric foam materials and methods of forming the same. In some embodiments, the TPE foams have a low water absorption. Microcellular foams are included. Processing conditions (e.g., blowing agent type and content, die geometry, exit melt temperature, among others) may be controlled to produce foams having desirable characteristics, such as low water absorption.

Water plasticized high refractive index polymer for ophthalmic applications

A high refractive index, foldable polymer suitable for use in ophthalmic devices, such as intraocular lenses, is provided. The polymer may be produced from a polymerization reaction of first, second and third monomeric components and a crosslinking agent. The first monomeric component includes an aryl acrylate or an aryl methacrylate. The second monomeric component, which is not an acrylate, includes a monomer having an aromatic ring with a substituent having at least one site of ethylenic unsaturation. The third monomeric component includes a high water content hydrogel-forming monomer. The resulting high refractive index copolymer is durable enough to be cut and polished when dry, and becomes soft and foldable when hydrated.

Nanocomposites based on polyurethane or polyurethane-epoxy hybrid resins prepared avoiding isocyanates

ActiveUS20070135588A1Beneficial physicochemical and mechanical propertyAvoid damageMaterial nanotechnologySynthetic resin layered productsNanometreAspect ratio
A fast curable non-isocyanate-based polyurethane- and polyurethane-epoxy network nanocomposite polymeric compositions are derived upon crosslinking a mixture comprising of natural or modified nano-clay [ionic phyllosilicate] with platelet thickness in the scale of A (˜1 nm) and aspect ratio (length / thickness) higher than 10 (nm)] preferably natural or modified montmorillonite with either a monomer(s) or oligomer(s) bearing at least one cyclocarbonate group or a mixture of the latter with an epoxy resin, with a hardener, which is a monomer or oligomer or mixtures therefrom, bearing primary and / or secondary amino groups. The use of the nanoclays reduces the gel time and increases the adhesion of the cured polyurethane and polyurethane / epoxy hybrid and also reduces its water absorption.
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